If less is more in most fashion circles, dressing in traditionally Muslim countries is just the reverse: cover up. This the word from travel experts around the world, who offer the following dos and don'ts, with the accent on some things that are frowned upon, if not downright forbidden.
Dressing Dos and Don'ts
Melissa Vinitsky, who traveled to and lived in Cairo and wrote Women & Islam: Tales from the Road, says decorum is the word of the day:
"With Muslim women largely behind the scenes and out of reach, a foreign woman, even modestly dressed, stands out like a bikini-clad girl skiing down the slopes in midwinter. On top of that, many Arab men, influenced by American movies and TV, subscribe to the common belief that Western women are 'easy.'"
The AnswerBank, says that covering your arms and legs with loose clothing is always advised. Many female travelers also recommend covering your hair in Islamic countries to avoid getting rude attention from men. In mosques, this is not a question of choice—for women, whether local or traveler, it's a must. Female travelers, regardless of their own religious persuasion, should always cover their hair entirely in mosques.
Wearing the traditional dress, of course, is not a requirement, so don't bother to pack a veil or burka. But many women sojourners are interested in learning more about typical Muslim clothing and may choose to dress accordingly during their travels.
Two of the most common women's garments include:
- Chador: A long, loose robe that covers the entire body and head. It is often combined with a veil worn across the face with a small slit for the wearer's eyes.
- Kamiz: A pair of loose trousers and a tunic.
Dress Codes for Different Muslim Countries
While there are general rules about dressing in Muslim countries as a whole, you may find that customs vary depending on where you visit.
You can find out the dress codes of sorts for every country at Journeywoman, a website dedicated to crowdsourcing helpful clothing tips for women when they travel.
Tips From Experienced Female Travelers
While the consensus is that modesty is generally the best policy, consider how to best dress for the climate and culture. One experienced traveler notes that "not only is it important to be modest, but loose clothing is more comfortable in the heat." You may also want to consider how easily your clothing choices will help you adhere to common customs. For instance, in a country where is it custom to remove your shoes upon entering a home, you may want to wear sandals or slip-on shoes.
Of course, dressing to be respectful and for your own safety is a must. According to many female travelers, not only will you find that locals will be appreciative of your more modest choices, but they may save you from unwanted attention in the form of looks and lewd comments.
The Bottom Line
In short, if you observe local customs and traditions when traveling to Muslim countries, you'll wind up feeling more comfortable physically and socially. If you only pack one extra item, make sure it's a scarf for covering your head or shoulders as the need arises.
In Islamic cities, as anywhere else in the world, if you respect others, you're more likely to earn their respect in return.
If you're traveling specifically to Iran, you will want to consult the dress code information from Iranian Visa. You should note that the Islamic dress code for women takes effect when your airplane crosses into Iranian airspace, according to the site.