The Camino de Santiago is a trail that refers to pilgrimage routes, also known as pilgrim ways, that lead to the shrine of the apostle St. James the Great. This route is common for travelers who enjoy hiking, cycling, and travel tours, as well as for those taking the path for spiritual growth and other additional religious reasons.
The route is also known as the Way of St. James and other similar variations, such as St.
James's Way, Path, or Trail. There are also several references to the path known as the Route of Santiago de Compostela as well as the Road to Santiago. This was one of the most significant Christian pilgrimages in the Middle Ages with several routes starting in various locations of France and Portugal.
How Long It Takes to Do the Camino De Santiago
Doing the entire popular route of the Camino de Santiago, the Camino Frances, will take an average of 30-35 days to complete. The timeline depends on how many kilometers travelers will walk, cycle, or ride per day, and finishing the route within about a month means traveling about 14-16 miles per day. This recommended route starts from St Jean Pied de Port in France to Santiago de Compostela.
When to Take the Trip to the Camino De Santiago
The decision on when to do the Camino de Santiago depends largely on the weather and the number of people traveling together.
Some people want a private experience and others like the crowds. Additional travelers may deal with temperatures like the cold or extreme heat better than others.
The terrain varies greatly on the Camino de Santiago. The mountain passes are extremely dangerous in the winter. It isn't possible to do the walk in winter, but it's important for travelers to heed the advice of other travelers and the hostel staff before setting off each morning.
It is also recommended that travelers follow the weather forecast, be prepared to take a safer route, and even abandon the trip entirely if necessary.
Summer travel on the Camino de Santiago is very different from doing it in winter. Many people fill up the hostels during the summer, so travelers will need to set off very early in the morning to get a good hostel by evening. Though weather conditions are unlikely to prohibit travelers from finishing the Camino de Santiago, the host conditions might make the journey unpleasant or even unbearable. Travelers should drink a lot of water when traveling in the summer.
Weather Conditions in Camino De Santiago Throughout the Year
- January: In January, it's very cold and wet in some parts of the Camino, and there are not many people to travel with.
- February: February is still very cold in many places, though not as bad as January. This time of year includes some travelers.
- March: The weather is cool but not unpleasant in May. More travelers are now on the route, making it a very good time to walk.
- April: The weather can be quite warm in some places during April. More and more travelers are on the route at this time.
- May: It could be very hot in May, though the weather varies more in northern Spain than it does in other parts of the country. The route gets quite busy in May and some hostels may be full by the time travelers get to them.
- June: Hot weather can be expected during June. There is reportedly a slight dip in 'traffic' in June compared to May, though still more than in April.
- July: It is very hot in July and there are a lot of other travelers on the path. Travelers should also note that July 25 is St James's Day, a popular day for Catholics to finish the Camino. In Jacobean Years, travelers can expect vast numbers of people walking in July.
- August: August has similar conditions as to July's weather.
- September: Septembers calls for cooler weather, but not by much. There are still a lot of travelers at this time.
- October: The weather is much more pleasant in October and the crowds die away at this time.
- November: It is quite cold in some parts of the walk in November, and very few people are walking.
- December: December is very cold and extreme conditions are possible. It is not a good time to walk.
What a Jacobean Year Is
Travelers who have some flexibility in which year to do the Camino should consider waiting for or avoiding the Jacobean Years. A Jacobean Year is when St James's Day (July 25) falls on a Sunday. It is known in Spanish as Año Santo Jacobeo, in Galician as Ano Santo Xacobeo, and sometimes referred to in English as a Jubilee Year, Holy Compostellan Year, or just Holy Year.
The following are the upcoming Jacobean years:
What Happens in a Jacobean Year
For Catholics, visiting Santiago de Compostela in a Jacobean year is a very important event. If they fulfill all the necessary requirements, Catholics will receive a 'plenary indulgence' upon visiting the cathedral in Santiago de Compostela. The Puerta Santa (Holy Door) in the Santiago de Compostela Cathedral, normally closed, is open for the whole of the year.
In a Jacobean year, there will be huge numbers of pilgrims on the Camino de Santiago. Numbers more than triple in a Jacobean year, with a huge concentration around St James's Day in particular. This means that walking in late June and July will see an even more competitive battle for hostel beds than usual.