Sushi is popular around the world, but that doesn't mean everyone understands what this dish technically is. For starters, sushi does not always mean raw fish. Rather, it's that raw fish - sashimi in Japanese - is the most popular ingredient in sushi.
The term sushi actually refers to foods that use a type of rice seasoned with vinegar, not just the rolled rice and seaweed variety. It's important to know this before you visit Japan, or you're bound to be confused.
If you're traveling to Japan or just want to learn more about the cuisine, the best thing to do is to read up on the different types of sushi and prepare your taste buds for some true Japanese delicacies.
The Different Types of Sushi
There are several types of sushi, making it an appealing food to people with a wide range of tastes. One form of sushi, nigiri-zushi, are hand-pressed mounds of rice with a dab of wasabi and parts of various ingredients on top. Popular nigiri-zushi include maguro (tuna), toro (belly of tuna), hamachi (yellowtail), and ebi (shrimp).
Maki-zushi are sushi rolls wrapped by nori seaweed, such as tekkamaki (tuna rolls) and kappamaki (cucumber rolls). These rolls are also called norimaki. Additionally, inari-zushi are deep-fried tofu pouches stuffed with sushi rice which are brown and oval-shaped, and chirashi-zushi are sushi served on a plate or bowl with different ingredients on top of rice.
The key seasonings used in sushi are soy sauce and wasabi (Japanese horseradish). Soy sauce is used as a dipping sauce, and wasabi is put in nigiri-zushi and may also be mixed with soy sauce for dipping. Also, pickled ginger (called gari) is commonly served with sushi while green tea (agari) is the best drink to pair with sushi.
Where to Get Authentic Japanese Sushi
Sushi is probably Japan's most famous dish - but it can be expensive. At traditional omakase-style places, you can usually order a set of sushi with a fixed price, which comes in handy for group outings, or you can order your favorite sushi pieces as you eat your meal.
For reasonably priced sushi, there are places called kaiten-zushi, where the sushi plates circle around the eating area on a conveyor belt. These restaurants are to be found almost everywhere in Japan. When you go to such a restaurant, you wait until your desired sushi plate passes near you, and then pick up the plate from the moving belt. If your favorites aren't available, you can also order them from the kitchen. Prices for this inexpensive kind of sushi vary.
There is no lack of incredible sushi restaurants in Japan. Perhaps the most famous is Sukiyabashi Jiro - a small eatery in the Ginza neighborhood of Tokyo. If you're lucky enough to eat here, you're in for the most authentic Japanese sushi in all of Japan.