The Caribbean island grouping known as the Lesser Antilles consists of three smaller island groups—the Windward Islands, the Leeward Islands, and the Leeward Antilles—and includes all the small islands in the Caribbean south of Puerto Rico.
The Windward Islands include Martinique, St. Lucia, St. Vincent and the Grenadines, and Grenada, while the Leeward Islands include the U.S. Virgin Islands, the British Virgin Islands, Anguilla, St. Martin/Maarten, St. Barts, Saba, St. Eustatius, St. Kitts and Nevis, Antigua and Barbuda, Montserrat, Guadeloupe, and Dominica, and the Leeward Antilles—also known as the "ABC Islands"—off the coast of South America are Aruba, Bonaire, and Curacao.
No matter which of these Caribbean islands you decide to visit, you're sure to encounter wonderful tropical weather, fantastic beaches, and plenty of things to do year-round. After all, the more you learn about the Lesser Antilles, the more you'll discover what sets them Read on to discover more about the Lesser Antilles and what sets them apart from more northern destinations.
Smaller Islands, Bigger Adventures
One of the many reasons these islands came to be known as the Antilles is because medieval maps often depicted a large continent far across the western sea, a semi-mythical land called Antilia, which conveyed their understanding that more land existed there long before Columbus "discovered" what he thought was India. As a result, scholars today still refer to the Caribbean Sea as the Sea of Antilia, and the islands which make up the lower (or outer) part of this region became known as the Lesser Antilles.
Many of the islands that make up the Lesser Antilles are small and isolated from one another, and as a result, individualized cultures developed on each island. European (and later North American) nations competing for ownership or sovereignty over these islands started around the time Columbus sailed west from Spain and continue through today, which greatly influenced the shape these cultures took.
The U.S. Virgin Islands, for instance, offers an entirely different cultural experience than the nearby British Virgin Islands or the French island of Guadeloupe, so depending on where you go and which country currently or formerly occupies the island you're visiting, you'll have a uniquely different time.
Popular Destinations in the Lesser Antilles
Among the most popular destinations in the Caribbean are the Virgin Islands, Guadeloupe, Antigua and Barbuda, and Aruba, each of which offers a variety of all-inclusive resorts and vacation packages, perfect for that island getaway vacation any time of year. However, you should watch out for hurricane season, which affects the northern Lesser Antilles islands more frequently than it does the southern islands of Grenada, St. Vincent, and Barbados.
In Aruba, be sure to check out some of the sunken reefs and caves along its jagged shoreline, and if you're in the U.S. Virgin Islands, you won't want to miss snorkeling with some of the aquatic life of the area or taking a shopping trip through Saint Thomas.
As always, no matter which island you find yourself on during January and February, don't miss the island's unique Carnivale celebration, which is a big blow-out party celebrating the somber and reserved Lent holiday that comes shortly thereafter.