What and Where Is Jutland?

Jutland (orange)
••• Jutland (orange).

Jutland, a low-lying peninsula in western Denmark, separates the North and Baltic seas. The 11,500-square mile peninsula, home to about 2.5 million Danes, borders Germany to the south. Indeed, Jutland was the site of a famous World War I naval battle between Brittain and Germany. The biggest cities on Jutland are Aarhus, Aalborg, Esbjerg, Randers and Kolding.

History

The Jutes -- for whom Jutland is thought to be named -- were one of the three most powerful Germanic peoples during the Nordic iron age, the sixth and fifth centuries B.C., according to Wikipedia.

From their home in Jutland, together with the Angles and Saxons, the Jutes migrated to Great Britain starting in about 450 A.D., sparking the long road to the creation of Great Brittian as well as the history of western civilization.

The Saxons inhabited the southernmost part of the peninsula until Charlemagne violently subdued them in 804, after 30 years of fighting, Wikipedia notes. The Danes -- including Jutland -- united in 965 A.D. The Code of Jutland, a civil code enacted under Valdemar II of Denmark in 1241, created a uniform set of laws governing Jutland and other settlements in Denmark. 

One other historical incident of note was the Battle of Jutland fought between the British Royal Navy and the Imperial German Navy from May 31 to June 1, 1916, at the height of World War I. The battle ended in somewhat of a stalemate, with the British losing twice as many ships and men but also containing the German fleet.

Jutland's Topography

Denmark is a low-lying country. According to Nations Encyclopedia, the average altitude of Denmark is about 100 feet; indeed, the highest point in the country, Yding Skovhoj in southeastern Jutland, is only 568 feet. The encyclopedia notes that along the southern coast of the island of Lolland, and in a few other areas, Jutland's coast is protected by dikes.

Jutland -- like nearly all of Denmark -- consists of a glacial deposit over a chalk base with a surface of  small hills, moors, ridges, hilly islands and raised sea bottoms, and, on the west coast, downs and marshes. 

Attractions

Travelers to Jutland can enjoy many amusement parks such as Legoland in Billund -- the original Legoland, which opened in 1968 -- small and large museums, annual events and the long, pristine beaches along the coastline. Aarhus, on Jutland's east coast and the second-largest city in Denmark, was even named a "2017 European Capital of Culture" and offers plenty of cultural and other attractions to visit.

But, many of the Jutland's outdoor activities are influenced by the peninsula's mostly flat, even topography. Popular activities in Jutland are windsurfing and cycling -- the low, even terrain is perfect for cycling, and nothing stops the gusty Danish winds from blowing across the peninsula  -- to the great joy of windsurfers.