Weather in Birmingham: Climate, Seasons, and Average Monthly Temperatures

Birmingham, Alabama, USA downtown cityscape at dusk.
Sean Pavone / Getty Images

This Southern commercial, educational, and cultural hub is the largest city in the state of Alabama. Once an industrial town known for its iron and steel production, Birmingham draws visitors year-round for its thriving craft beer scene, acclaimed museums, Civil Rights history, beautiful parks, and picture-perfect neighborhoods dotted with local shops and restaurants.

Like most cities in the Southeastern United States, Birmingham has a humid subtropical climate so be prepared for hot, sticky summers, mild winters, and lots of sunshine. In the summer, temperatures soar to around 90 degrees F (32 degrees C) in July and August and rarely dip below 70 F (21 C). In winter, the average low is 32 F (0 C) and highs hover in the low to mid-50s. The city averages 56 inches of rain per year, with March being the wettest month and snow is quite rare.

With mild temperatures, cool evenings, and less humidity, spring and fall are the best seasons to visit the city. They're also the height of Birmingham's festival season, which includes everything from jazz to home tours to fine art. Save the height of summer, Birmingham's weather is mild and pleasant year-round. Here's all you need to know about the climate and weather before you plan your next trip.

Fast Climate Facts

  • Hottest Month: July (91 F)
  • Coldest Month: January (32F)
  • Wettest Month: March (6 inches of rain)

Spring in Birmingham

With high temperatures in the 70s and 80s F (and lower humidity than the summer), spring is an ideal time to visit Birmingham. Flowers are in full bloom in the city's parks and historic neighborhoods, and the weather is perfect for enjoying outdoor activities like hiking, golfing, zip-lining, and cycling. It's also prime festival season, with events like the Gardendale Magnolia Festival, the Gumbo Gala cooking competition, the Honda Indy Grand Prix of Alabama, the Bob Skyes BBQ & Blues Festival, and the Magic City Art Connection. The latter features more than 200 juried fine artists and is the city's largest arts festival. Hotels are moderately priced during this time and lower than in summer and fall.

What to pack: While spring days are often warm, nights can be chilly, especially in early spring. Pack light clothing that can be layered, and pack an umbrella for occasional spring showers. March is the city's rainiest month.

Average Temperatures by Month

  • March: 67 F / 44 F (19 C / 7 C)
  • April: 75 F / 51 F (24 C / 11 C)
  • May: 82 F / 60 F (28 C / 16 C)

Summer in Birmingham

Summer is the city's busiest season, so expect crowds at major attractions and recreation areas. Be prepared to sweat: temperatures soar to the upper 80s and low 90s Fahrenheit, with low temperatures rarely below 70 F (21 C). Slather on the sunscreen to enjoy outdoor events like the Birmingham Civil Rights Institute's Juneteenth Celebration, the Alabama Jazz Festival in Railroad Park, and Birmingham Barons baseball games at downtown's Regions Field. But the city has plenty of museums and indoor activities as well, including the annual Sidewalk Film Festival, which spotlights the work of independent filmmakers in a week-long event in the city's theatre district. Hotel rates are higher during this peak season, and it's best to book tickets for attractions in advance or go early to beat the crowds.

What to pack: Because these are the city's hottest months, shorts, sundresses, and light fabrics are a must. Indoor buildings can be chilly due to air conditioning, so you might want to pack a light sweater or jacket.

Average Temperatures by Month

  • June: 88 F / 68 F (31 C / 20 C)
  • July: 91 F / 72 F (33 C / 22 C)
  • August: 91 F / 71 F (33 C / 22 C)

Fall in Birmingham

September in the city can still feel like summer, with high temperatures averaging around 84 F (29 C). But the humidity and heat fade by the end of the month, and combined with the brilliant foliage in Birmingham's many parks and trails make, the season is an ideal time to explore the city. In October and November, high temperatures range from the mid-60s to the low 70s, while low temperatures dip into the chilly 40s and 50s Fahrenheit. Hotel rates are high during these prime months, so book early, especially to secure the best rates for downtown. Festival highlights in fall include the Birmingham Greek Festival and the Birmingham Art Walk.

What to Pack: Early fall is very warm, so pack as you would for summer in other locations. In October and November, light layers for warm days and cooler nights are recommended.

Average Temperatures by Month

  • September: 84 F / 65 F (29 C / 18 C)
  • October: 74 F / 53 F (23 C / 12 C)
  • November: 66 F / 46 F (19 C / 8 C)

Winter in Birmingham

Throughout winter, expect mild temperatures, with highs in the low to mid-50s and lows dipping to right around freezing. The city is less crowded—especially after the holidays—and hotel rates are at their lowest. Birmingham rarely gets snow, and the weather is still pleasant enough to enjoy the city's parks, trails, gardens, and golf courses.

What to pack: As with other seasons, layers for temperature variations work best in winter. Be sure to pack a light coat or heavier jacket for chilly to cold evenings.

Average Temperatures by Month

  • December: 55 F / 36 F (13 C / 2 C)
  • January: 51 F / 33 F (11 C /1 C)
  • February: 56 F / 37 F (13 C / 3 C)

Average Monthly Temperature, Rainfall, and Daylight Hours

Avg. Temp. Rainfall  Daylight Hours
 January  42 F / 6 C 5 inches 10 hours
 February  47 F / 8 C 4 inches 11 hours
 March  56 F / 13 C 6 inches 12 hours
 April  63 F / 17 C 5 inches 13 hours
 May  71 F / 22 C 5 inches 14 hours
 June  78 F / 26 C 4 inches 14 hours
 July  82 F / 28 C 5 inches 14 hours
 August  81 F / 27 C 4 inches 13 hours
 September  75 F / 24 C 4 inches 12 hours
 October  64 F / 18 C 3 inches 11 hours
November  56 F / 13 C 5 inches 10 hours
 December  46 F / 8 C 4 inches 10 hours