Viminacium - Fascinating Archaeological Site near the Danube River in Serbia

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    Kostolac, Serbia

    Kostolac, Serbia
    Kostolac, Serbia (c) Linda Garrison

    Viminacium Was Roman Town and Military Camp in First through the Fifth Centuries

    Viminacium is near the Serbian town of Kostolac, and cruise ships sailing the Danube stopover for a few hours so that passengers can tour the three main areas uncovered thus far at this large archaeological site. Kostolac, Serbia is also home to a major electric plant and it towers over the countryside in stark contrast to the ancient town and military camp of Viminacium.

    The three sites open include the northern Roman military gate, the thermal baths, and the imperial mausoleum. Guides, who may be either working archaeologists or professional guides, provide explanations, drawings, and models to help visitors understand what they are seeing on the tour.

    Mausoleum visitors are met by persons dressed in Roman style who lead them through the Roman graveyard. The entrance to the three underground tombs is guarded by Charon, the mythical guide of the dead, and the underground walkway to see the frescoes in the tombs is dark and very spooky - not for the faint of heart!

    Kostolac had many summer homes along the Danube River. This one was particularly whimsical.

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    Electric Plant in Kostolac, Serbia

    Electric Plant in Kostolac, Serbia
    Kostolac, Serbia (c) Linda Garrison

    Kostolac is famous for three things -- its vacation homes on the Danube, the electric power production plant, and the ancient Roman site of Viminacium.

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    Viminacium in Serbia

    Viminacium in Serbia
    Viminacium (c) Linda Garrison

    This peaceful field is part of the unexcavated sections of Viminacium. Two thousand years ago, this area was a busy military base and town.

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    Viminacium Roman Baths

    Viminacium Roman Baths
    Viminacium (c) Linda Garrison
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    Roman Baths at Viminacium

    Roman Baths at Viminacium
    Viminacium (c) Linda Garrison

    The Roman baths at Viminacium were very high tech (for the 1st through the 5th centuries). They had hot water and many features found in today's spas.

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    Model of Viminacium, Serbia

    Model of Viminacium, Serbia
    Viminacium (c) Linda Garrison

    Archaeologists have excavated three sites at Viminacium, but this model shows the extent of just how large the Roman town and military camp was at its peak.

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    Viminacium Imperial Mausoleum

    Viminacium Imperial Mausoleum
    Viminacium (c) Linda Garrison
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    Viminacium Imperial Mausoleum in Serbia

    Viminacium Imperial Mausoleum in Serbia
    Viminacium (c) Linda Garrison

    The mausoleum tour takes visitors underground to visit three tombs, each of which has elaborate frescoes.

    The underground passage section of the Viminacium mausoleum is dark, narrow, and more than a little creepy.

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    Roman Ruins at Viminacium, Serbia

    Roman Ruins at Viminacium, Serbia
    Viminacium (c) Linda Garrison
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    Viminacium Imperial Mausoleum Grave Sites

    Viminacium Imperial Mausoleum Grave Sites
    Viminacium (c) Linda Garrison
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    Skeleton at Viminacium Imperial Mausoleum in Serbia

    Skeleton at Viminacium Imperial Mausoleum in Serbia
    Viminacium (c) Linda Garrison

    The imperial mausoleum at Viminacium was a fascinating necropolis, with many graves and tombs.

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    Charon, the Greco Roman Guide to the Underworld at Viminacium

    Charon, the Greco Roman Guide to the Underworld at Viminacium
    Viminacium (c) Linda Garrison

    One of the workers at the Viminacium archaeological site dressed up as Charon to guide us to the underground tombs, which were covered in frescoes.