Viminacium Was Roman Town and Military Camp in First through the Fifth Centuries
Viminacium is near the Serbian town of Kostolac, and cruise ships sailing the Danube stopover for a few hours so that passengers can tour the three main areas uncovered thus far at this large archaeological site. Kostolac, Serbia is also home to a major electric plant and it towers over the countryside in stark contrast to the ancient town and military camp of Viminacium.
The three sites open include the northern Roman military gate, the thermal baths, and the imperial mausoleum. Guides, who may be either working archaeologists or professional guides, provide explanations, drawings, and models to help visitors understand what they are seeing on the tour.
Mausoleum visitors are met by persons dressed in Roman style who lead them through the Roman graveyard. The entrance to the three underground tombs is guarded by Charon, the mythical guide of the dead, and the underground walkway to see the frescoes in the tombs is dark and very spooky - not for the faint of heart!
Kostolac had many summer homes along the Danube River. This one was particularly whimsical.
Electric Plant in Kostolac, Serbia
Kostolac is famous for three things -- its vacation homes on the Danube, the electric power production plant, and the ancient Roman site of Viminacium.
Viminacium in Serbia
This peaceful field is part of the unexcavated sections of Viminacium. Two thousand years ago, this area was a busy military base and town.
Roman Baths at Viminacium
The Roman baths at Viminacium were very high tech (for the 1st through the 5th centuries). They had hot water and many features found in today's spas.
Model of Viminacium, Serbia
Archaeologists have excavated three sites at Viminacium, but this model shows the extent of just how large the Roman town and military camp was at its peak.
Viminacium Imperial Mausoleum in Serbia
The mausoleum tour takes visitors underground to visit three tombs, each of which has elaborate frescoes.
The underground passage section of the Viminacium mausoleum is dark, narrow, and more than a little creepy.
Skeleton at Viminacium Imperial Mausoleum in Serbia
The imperial mausoleum at Viminacium was a fascinating necropolis, with many graves and tombs.
Charon, the Greco Roman Guide to the Underworld at Viminacium
One of the workers at the Viminacium archaeological site dressed up as Charon to guide us to the underground tombs, which were covered in frescoes.