The difference between a tornado watch and a tornado warning means the difference between taking action or taking precautions. A watch means that conditions are favorable for a tornado to occur. A warning means that a tornado has been seen or picked up by radar. A warning requires you to take shelter and brace for a potential tornado.
Common Zones for Tornados
There are two general zones in the U.S. that are common tornado locations: Tornado Alley and Dixie Alley.
Tornado Alley is where tornados are the most frequent. These tornados tend to be the most devastating. They are very strong, covering lots of ground and with high speeds. This zone includes the states of Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas, South Dakota, Iowa, Illinois, Missouri, Nebraska, Colorado, North Dakota, and Minnesota.
Dixie Alley is more susceptible to precipitation-based tornados or outbreaks of multiple tornados that are part of the same weather system. The area that is known as Dixie Alley includes mostly southeastern states, like Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Tennessee, Alabama, Georgia, South Carolina, North Carolina, and Kentucky.
How to React to a Watch Versus a Warning
Tornado watches and warnings are issued to the public based on different criteria. There are several things you need to do when either a watch or warning is issued.
A tornado watch is issued to alert people to the possibility of a tornado developing in your area. At this point, a tornado has not been seen but the conditions are very favorable for tornados to occur at any moment.
Signs that a tornado may be heading your way can include dark greenish or orange-gray skies, large hail, large, dark, low-lying, rotating or funnel-shaped clouds, or a loud roar that is similar to a freight train.
What You Need to Do During a Watch
- Keep alert and watch for changing weather conditions.
- Listen to your local news reports and weather updates.
- Review your family or business emergency preparedness plan.
- Review your disaster kit.
- Be ready to see shelter at a moment's notice
A tornado warning is issued when a tornado has actually been sighted or has been picked up on radar in your area. This means that you need to take shelter immediately in a safe, sturdy structure.
The National Weather Service recommends that you go to a pre-designated shelter such as a safe room, basement, storm cellar, or the building's lowest level. If you don't have a basement, take shelter in the center of an interior room on the lowest level, such as a bathroom, closet, or interior hallway that is away from corners, windows, doors, and outside walls.
What You Need to Do During a Warning
- Take shelter immediately; do not stay in a mobile home.
- Listen to your local radio for updates.
- Close the windows in your home or business.
- If you are in a car or other mobile vehicle, get out immediately and go to a nearby sturdy building or storm structure.
- Do not try to outrun a tornado in a car; do not park the car under a highway overpass or bridge (more flying debris and stronger winds there).
- If you are outside without nearby shelter, lie down in a ditch, ravine or depression and cover your head with your hands.