Longwood is the queen of the region and one of the world's premier horticultural gardens. Located in Kennett Square, it was created by industrialist Pierre S. du Pont and includes 1,050 acres of gardens, woodlands, and meadows; 20 outdoor gardens; 20 indoor gardens; spectacular fountains; and performing arts events that include concerts, organ and carillon recitals; musical theater; and fireworks displays. Longwood is open every day of the year and attracts more than 900,000 annual visitors.
Just minutes from the Liberty Bell, Independence Hall, and the Betsy Ross House is America's oldest botanical garden, a pastoral 18th-century homestead surrounded by the urban bustle of Philadelphia. You won't believe you are in the city when you see the wildflower meadow, majestic trees, river trail, wetland, stone house, and farm buildings overlooking the Schuylkill River.
Chanticleer: A Pleasure Garden
On the Main Line in Wayne, Pennsylvania, Chanticleer is the former residence of chemical magnate Adolph Rosengarten Sr. Now a "pleasure garden" designed to illustrate the beauty of the art of horticulture, Chanticleer features orchards of flowering trees with native wildflowers blooming in the woods, a vegetable garden, cut-flower garden, and numerous fruit trees. A woodland garden leads to a water garden surrounded by grasses and sweet-smelling herbs.
Morris Arboretum of the University of Pennsylvania
The Morris Arboretum is an educational center that integrates art, science, and the humanities amid thousands of rare and lovely woody plants. These include many of Philadelphia's oldest, rarest, and largest trees set in a romantic, 92-acre Victorian landscape garden of winding paths, streams, and flowers.
Shofuso, the Japanese House and Garden
The Japanese House and Garden (Shofuso) is one of the most notable and unusual attractions in Philadelphia. This shoin-zukuri (desk-centered) house, built in 16th-century style, is on the grounds of the Horticultural Center in the West Philadelphia section of Fairmount Park. The perfectly proportioned architecture of the main structure and adjoining tea house is enhanced by an ornamental garden and picturesque pond.
Camden Children's Garden
Camden Children's Garden is a great place for the young to explore and discover the natural world. The four-acre interactive garden includes an amphitheater, butterfly garden, carousel, dinosaur garden, maze, picnic garden, railroad garden, storybook gardens, and a treehouse. It is located adjacent to the Adventure Aquarium (formerly the New Jersey State Aquarium) on the Camden, New Jersey waterfront.
Philadelphia Zoo, Fairmount Park
America's first zoo is located in Fairmount Park, Philadelphia, and, in addition to its superb animal collection, includes a 42-acre Victorian garden with more than 30,000 species of plant life. Among its special horticulture features are a 216-year-old English elm planted by John Penn, William Penn's grandson; a rare Chinese wingnut tree; and endangered American chestnut trees.
Scott Arboretum of Swarthmore College
The Tyler Arboretum is one of the oldest and largest arboretums in the Northeast, encompassing 650 acres of horticultural collections, rare specimens, ancient trees, historic buildings, and extensive hiking trails. Highlights include an 85-acre pinetum, the Stopford Family meadow maze, Pink Hill, and 450 uncultivated acres that remain natural and contain 20 miles of marked trails used by hikers, birders, and naturalists.
Winterthur, An American Country Estate
Located in the Brandywine Valley, Winterthur is less than an hour south of Philadelphia. The country estate was founded by Henry Francis du Pont. Take a narrated tram ride or self-guided walk to see the early spring blooming plants, hillsides of daffodils, eight acres of mature and rare azaleas and rhododendrons, a quarry garden with rare primulas, the Sundial Garden, reflecting pool and ponds, and a three-acre children's garden called the Enchanted Woods.