The Countries of South America

Salvador, Brazil's Old Town
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    Road to Mount Fitzroy, Patagonia
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    Capital: Buenos Aires

    Argentina entices culture and dance enthusiasts with the tango, adventure travelers with its mountains and glaciers and gourmands with its steak and renowned wines

    When to Go: 

    Buenos Aires - any time
    Iguazu Falls - winter or spring
    Patagonia - summer
    Andes for skiing - winter
    High season is January and February

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    Salar de Uyuni at sunrise
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    Capital: Sucre

    Bolivia is most famous for its photogenic salt flat landscape — the Salar de Uyuni — and for being inexpensive to visit. Expect colorful markets and colonial architecture, and don't miss the sprawling Lake Titicaca. 

    When to Go: 

    Avoid the rainy season in the lowlands between November to March
    Altiplano - winter
    Lowlands and rain forest - April to October

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    Brazil, Bahia, Salvador, Pelourinho, old town
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    Capital: Brasilia

    When to Go:


    Cities - any time
    Carnaval in February
    Amazon - avoid rainy season between November to May
    High season is November to April

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    Tourists photographing Torres del Paine
    Jami Tarris/Getty Images

    Capital: Santiago ​

    When to Go:

    Northern Chile - any time, November is best
    Middle Chile - September to February
    Southern Chile - December to March
    Easter Island and Juan Fernandez - March
    High season is January - February and July and August for skiing

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    Street with colonial architecture.
    Matthew Micah Wright/Getty Images

    Capital: Bogotá 

    When to Go:

    Dry season in December - March in the mountains;
    December to April and July to September on the coast
    High season is December to February

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    Gothic Quito
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    Capital: Quito

    When to Go:

    Rainy season is December to May Galapagos - January to April is hot and humid; tour boats docked in September and October Coast - avoid rainy season Quito and highlands - any time of year Amazon - avoid rainy season 
    High season is December to February

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    Falkland Islands

    Falkland Beach Scene
    Mlenny/Getty Images

    Capital: Stanley

    When to Go:

    October to March

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    French Guiana

    Market of Saint Laurent du Maroni, French Guiana, Department of France, South America
    Michael Runkel/Getty Images

    Capital: Cayenne 

    When to Go:

    Rainy season is January to June, heaviest rain in May
    Travel between July to December
    High season is February Carnival

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    Kaieteur waterfall, Potaro River.
    Johnny Haglund/Getty Images

    Capital: Georgetown

    When to Go:

    Best time is mid-October to mid-May, after rainy seasons ending in late January and late August
    Travel in the interior is best in dry season

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    City buildings, stalls, Ciudade del Este
    Tom Cockrem/Getty Images

    Capital: Asunción

    When to Go:


    Rainy season in December to April with frequent flooding in the southeast
    very hot between October and March
    Dry season travel (June to August) is easier.

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    Salt pans on a mountainside, Salinas de Maras salt pans, created by the Incas and still in operation, Pichingote, Cusco region, Andes, Peru, South America
    Wigbert Röth/Getty Images

    Capital: Lima

    When to Go:


    Lima - avoid foggy time in June - December
    Coastal desert - any time of year
    Andes - avoid rainy periods between October - April
    Rainforest - hot and humid all year; avoid January - April
    High season is May to September

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    Fishing boats at sunset on the Suriname River near Paramaribo, Surinam, South America
    Michael Runkel/Getty Images

    Capital: Paramaribo

    When to Go:


    Rainy season is April to July, December and January
    Best times are mid-August to early December

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    Typical street in Colonia, UNESCO World Heritage Site, Uruguay, South America
    Peter Groenendijk / robertharding/Getty Images

    Capital: Montevideo

    When to Go:


    Best time to visit is mid-October to late March; be prepared for heat and humidity
    High season is January and February

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    Brightly painted house facades in historic city centre.
    Krzysztof Dydynski/Getty Images

    Capital: Caracas

    When to Go:

    Dry season is December to April; but May to October is still nice and prices are lower
    High season is Christmas, February Carnival and Easter