St Patrick's Day is surprisingly popular all over England, and March 17 is a day when everyone celebrates their Irishness - real or imagined.
Despite the unusual and complicated history between Ireland and the UK, Irish people from the Republic have always had the right to work and settle in the UK. As a result, many cities in England have large Irish communities that support big celebrations on Ireland's national day.
You don't have to be Irish to celebrate St Patrick's Day in England and around the UK. In London, they've been celebrating St. Patrick's day for more than 70 years. The festivals and parades in some of Britain's biggest cities seem to get bigger every year. Here's a rundown.
St. Patrick's Day in London
London turns St. Patrick's Day into a weekend festival, from Friday through Sunday. There are performances and all kinds of Irish culture - from step dancing that rivals Riverdance to the latest crop of Irish stand-up comedians. It all culminates in a parade and festival - on Sunday (March 15 in 2020 - in Central London's big public spaces - Trafalgar Square and spilling out into Covent Garden and Leicester Square.
In 2020, the London St. Patrick's Day Parade - including marching bands from Ireland and the UK, community groups, sports clubs, schools and street theater - heads out from Piccadilly at noon on Sunday. You can usually register to march behind your Irish county's flag. The main festival takes place from noon to 6 p.m. in Trafalgar Square and features Irish music, culture, food and drink. More details of the parade and other festival features are posted as they are scheduled on the London St Patrick's Day website and the Visit London official page a few weeks before the event.
And it wouldn't be St. Patrick's Day (or week in London) with raising a pint or two in an authentic Irish pub. London has plenty of those Check out These top Irish pubs in London to find one you'd like. If you are looking for the genuine article, try The Tipperary, the old journo's pub on Fleet Street, London's oldest at 413 years in 2016.
St. Patrick's Day in Manchester
Manchester lays claim to the UK's biggest St. Patrick's Day Parade, with more than 70 floats, bands and marching groups snaking through the streets from the Irish World Heritage Centre on Queens Road, along Cheetham Hill Road, Corporation Street, Cross Street, and Albert Square before retracing the route back to the start. The heritage center also has dozens of events - music, theater, and film - throughout the month of March. Check out this year's schedule. The parade starts at noon on the Sunday before St. Patrick's Day. (In 2020 that's Sunday March 15). It's all part of Manchester's week-long Irish festival of music, dance, art, food, drink, comedy, and family fun in mid-March (March 12 to 17 in 2020).
Visit the Manchester Irish Festival Website for the full schedule and the latest dates about two weeks before St Patrick's Day.
St. Patrick's Day in Birmingham
Birmingham goes all out for St. Patrick's Day, regularly attracting as many as 100,000 people for what the city claims is the "third-biggest St. Patrick's Day Parade in the world." Details were not fully published at the time of this writing (January 2020) but they don't change much from year to year. The parade usually runs from noon to 2 p.m., on Digbeth High Street, setting out from Camp Hill roundabout.
The Parade, featuring at least 60 floats and more than 1,000 marchers, is the culmination of a week long Irish festival of music, dance, comedy, food and family events around Birmingham's city center and Millennium Point. And it's a multi-cultural affair. Welsh dragons, Chinese dragons and Caribbean dancers all take part.
A highlight of the Birmingham parade is the performance of the massed pipers. At the end of the parade, about 20 minutes after the last floats and walkers have completed the route, all the pipe bands come together to form a mass pipe band. The huge band of pipers then marches from Alcester Street to the Irish Club and then back to Alcester Street.
At "The Emerald Village", alongside the parade on Bradford Street, there's free live music, St Pat Rocks, from 2 p.m. until "late".
As of early February, the parade was under threat, having lost its major sponsor, though other events mentioned above were still scheduled. Efforts were underway to secure funding for the parade. Visit the Birmingham St. Patrick's Festival Website at the beginning of March for more details and a parade route.
St Patrick's Day in Edinburgh
How could a festival and party city like Edinburgh not get in on the St Patrick's Day act? And, of course, being Edinburgh, they are having a festival, complete with a festival fringe. Details for The Festival of Ireland 2020 were still being put in place in early February 2020 but the festival usually lasts about 10 days and includes concerts, Irish dancing and free showings of classic Irish films. In 2019, A Grand Finale of Irish and Highland dancing was held at the Jam House and similar type events are expected. Edinburgh's Irish bars celebrate too with live music, food, and drink plus plenty of good craic. Try Malones or Biddy Mulligans where, in addition to food, live music and Guinness, they've got more than 80 different Irish whiskeys- a pretty good showing in the land of Scotch whisky. At Biddy Mulligans (in 2019) they took part in a four-day Irish festival, Cowgate St Pats, featuring music from 7 a.m. to 3 a.m. (phew!). Expect similar fun in 2020.