Asia Russia Moscow Moscow Guide Things To Do Events All Moscow Soviet Sights in Moscow – Moscow USSR Sites By Varia Makagonova Updated on 06/03/19 Share Pin Email Moscow was, of course, the heart and soul of the Soviet Union, where Lenin, Stalin, and many other important political figures made decisions that changed the world, keeping the country under Communist rule for more than 70 years. Moscow housed the headquarters of the Soviet secret service, the KGB, and the developing nuclear and aerospace breakthroughs of the Soviet Union during the Cold War. If you’re a history buff – or just curious about the Moscow sights & attractions that are relics of the Soviet Union – here is a USSR tour of Moscow: 01 of 05 Red Square Christophe Meneboeuf Red Square has always been the heart of Moscow (and perhaps even Russia itself). During the Soviet Era, Red Square was the seat of the Soviet government, and the square was used for military vehicle traffic and demonstrations; the Kazan Cathedral and Iverskaya Chapel were even destroyed to make more room on the square. These were rebuilt after the fall of the USSR. After Lenin’s death, his body was embalmed and placed in a mausoleum right on Red Square itself (it’s still there and can be visited). 02 of 05 Lubyanka Square Bjørn Christian Tørrissen This square houses a large building which served as the KGB headquarters and its prison during the Soviet era. The chief’s office was on the third floor while the prison was on the first. The building hasn’t changed much; it now houses the Federal Security Service (FSB) and the Lubyanka prison. There is also a KGB museum which is open to the public – enter if you dare… 03 of 05 Cosmonauts Alley This street in Moscow used to be the area where a large part of Russia’s space program developed. Now it houses several monuments dedicated to pioneers in Russia’s aeronautic industry, with the Museum of Cosmonautics and the Monument to the Conquerors of Space at one end of it (and VDNKh metro station on the other end). The Monument to the Conquerors of Space was built after a design competition to select the sculptor and architect to best construct it; it was finished in 1964. The Museum of Cosmonautics was not opened until 1981. 04 of 05 Muzeon Sculpture Park This “Park of Fallen Monuments” or “Park of Fallen Heroes” is located near the Park Kultury amusement park and the Krymsky Val building. The park is a haunting collection of over 700 sculptures that were made during the Soviet era. When the Soviet Union collapsed, many Soviet-themed statues were literally removed from the streets, dragged here and left lying on the ground (hence the name). In 1995 a World War II section was added, with sculptures installed which had never been on display before. By far the most haunting piece is Evgeny Chubarov’s monument to the fallen victims of Soviet-era concentration camps, which is a collection of 300 sculptures displayed as faces in a single cage. While this park is not in many Moscow guidebooks, it is definitely a must-visit, since it appears to have retained much of the Soviet atmosphere in a rapidly developing Moscow. Continue to 5 of 5 below. 05 of 05 Mosfilm Denghu Moscow’s oldest and largest film studio, Mosfilm, provided the location and sets of all of Russia’s most famous films made during the Soviet era. Today you can take a tour of the studio (although you have to subscribe for it in advance) and take a look at original props, costumes, and sets from Soviet-era films. They even have a collection of old cars on display. This was a hugely important place in the USSR, since Soviet films were one of the only mediums where a modicum of freedom of expression survived during the Communist rule. Was this page helpful? Thanks for letting us know! Share Pin Email Tell us why! Submit Moscow - Russian Rivers and Waterways Port of Call Travel to Murmansk, the Largest City North of the Arctic Circle 9 Things to See in Moscow's Red Square The Top 12 Things to Do in Kazan, in the Russian Republic of Tatarstan 50 Things to Do in Moscow The Most Architecturally Significant Building in Every State Where to Find the Best Museums in Charleston The Best Monuments and Memorials in Washington, D.C. Why Is Moscow, Capital of Russia, Called the City of Domes? TripSavvy Editors' Choice Awards 2018: Iconic & Historic Attractions 11 Best Things to Do in Potsdam Set Your Sights on the Stars at These 10 Top Space Museums What to Do in Novgorod, a Russian City That's Older Than Russia Goa Beyond the Beaches and Bars: 12 Cultural Things to Do The 25 Best Things to Do in Los Angeles What's Your Choice for the Best Museums Outside of Paris?