December in Scandinavia: Weather, What to Pack, and What to See

Male skier on main street, Lillehammer, Norway
Terje Rakke Getty Images

December is a great month for a winter vacation in any of the Scandinavian countries, whether that's Norway, Denmark, or Sweden. When winter activities are in full swing, travelers will experience many seasonal celebrations and holiday festivities, including Christmas, in Scandinavian-style. Cozy evenings paired with a festive mood will certainly make up for fewer hours of daylight for travelers.

In the winter season, there are several opportunities to enjoy a typical celebration of Christmas in Scandinavia and to observe the mysterious Northern Lights. Travelers should keep in mind that visiting Scandinavia in December is popular with many winter travelers. Thus, travelers should make sure to plan and book their winter wonderland early.

With the holiday season comes a variety of unique events, celebrations, and festivals in December. Additionally, there are local activities for travelers to engage in, such as skiing, snowboarding, dog sledding, ice skating, and snowmobiling.

Partying plays a major role in Scandinavian winter sports as well. In part, that is born of necessity due to shorter days. Visitors should make sure to check when the national holidays are in the country of their choice, as there will be additional festivities and holiday celebrations.

Scandinavian Weather in December

Depending on how far north in Scandinavia travelers go, a typical December day averages around 28 to 36 degrees Fahrenheit (-2 to 2 degrees Celsius). 

  • Stockholm: 36 F (2 C)/29 F (-2 C)
  • Copenhagen: 40 F (5 C)/33 F (1 C)
  • Oslo: 34 F (1 C)/25 F (-4 C)
  • Malmo: 40 F (4 C)/32 F (0 C)
  • Trondheim: 37 F (3 C)/27 F (-3 C)

The region also sees significant variations in daylight hours. Whereas the southern part gets six to seven hours, it may be only two to four hours in the far north of Scandinavia. In fact, in certain areas of the Arctic Circle, there is no sun at all for a period of time. Travelers will be amazed to see how well the locals have adapted to this. Visitors are further encouraged to learn more about the natural phenomena of Scandinavia, such as the northern lights, to prepare properly.

What to Pack

Travelers headed to the Arctic Circle are encouraged to bring sturdy boots for walking on the snow and ice, a down-filled waterproof outfit, and winter accessories like a hat, gloves, and a scarf. Long underwear is also recommended for wearing under your clothes every day.

For trips to the cities, visitors can bring a down jacket and a wool overcoat, just in case of really cold weather. Regardless of destination, an insulated coat along with the aforementioned set of gloves, hats, and scarves are the bare minimum for travelers in December. Bundling up is mandatory.

December Events in Scandinavia

Christmas is at the heart of December in Scandinavia, but there are plenty of other celebrations during this month as well.

  • Nobel Peace Prize Ceremony: Oslo has the distinction of awarding the Nobel Peace Prize each year on December 10.
  • Christmas Markets in Scandinavia: Christmas markets kickoff throughout the region in early December and run through after the holidays. These markets are great for stocking up on gifts or simply enjoying a unique holiday tradition.
  • Christmas Market at Kongens Nytorv: In Copenhagen in particular, don't miss this event off of Stroget, the city's famous pedestrian street.
  • Lane of Light: Gothenburg, in Sweden, kicks off Christmas with its Lane of Light, a three-kilometer stretch of the city is aglow with Christmas light installations.
  • Bollywood Fest: ​An unexpected event held each December in Oslo, this festival is true to its name, celebrating Indian film and attended by actors, directors, and fans.
  • Saint Lucia Day: This Christian feast day takes place on December 13. It celebrates Saint Lucia, a third-century martyr. In the old Julian calendar, this day also marked the Winter Solstice.
  • Christmas Eve: December 24 is a quiet day for family celebration in Scandinavia. 
  • Christmas Day: December 25 is celebrated throughout Scandinavia. Most shops, restaurants, and attractions will be closed on this day as people spend quiet time with their friends and family.

December Travel Tips

  • Scandinavia is generally very safe and poses few risks to travelers, health-related or otherwise. In winter, exercise caution, as slippery pavement and traffic accidents from elk crossing the roads are common.
  • The aurora borealis (Northern Lights) are best seen on the Arctic Circle in very clear and dark winter skies. They are sometimes spotted in southern Scandinavia, but it's not likely you'll see them unless you travel far from the major cities. Tromso, Norway is one of the best places–with the highest probability–to see the Northern Lights.
  • Each year, Stockholmsjul decorates Stockholm with thousands of Christmas lights and decorations and the organization puts out a handy guide every year so that you won't miss a single one.
  • Many attractions in Copenhagen are closed between Christmas and New Year's Day, so plan ahead if you plan on being the city during that time.
Was this page helpful?