Road Trip: North from San Francisco on CA Highway 1

  • 01 of 04

    California Coastal Highway One North

    North of San Francisco on Highway One
    ••• North of San Francisco on Highway One. ¬©Betsy Malloy Photography

    Distance: 208 miles from Sausalito to Leggett

    Driving Time: 7 hours

    Parallel to the San Andreas Fault and bisected by rivers, California Highway One clings to the state's western edge, winding north from Sausalito through Marin, Sonoma and Mendocino Counties. North of Fort Bragg, it veers inland, ending where it connects with US Hwy 101 in the town of Leggett.

    The two-lane highway follows the coastal contours, rising and falling, zig-zagging around coves and curving around hillsides slopes falling to the sea. Going can be slow and passing lanes are few. Expect to average 30 to 40 miles per hour.

    The drive from Sausalito to Leggett can be done in a day, but it would be a tiring one. If your journey continues north, Mendocino is a good place for an overnight stop. Going south, Sausalito or San Francisco have plenty of places to stay.

    If you can choose your travel direction, these points may help. Going north, you'll be on the inside of curves, making it the best choice if you or your...MORE passengers are nervous about driving above the cliffs. Views are also clearer in that direction. Going south, you don't have to cross traffic to turn off into vista points.

    Highway One by County

    In Marin County, Highway One travels inland from Sausalito, running alongside two pretty bays, but with only a few miles offering ocean views.

    The Sonoma Coast is lightly populated, with few towns.

    The Mendocino Coast is by far the prettiest, with the coastal mountains flattening to make room for woods and meadows. Mendocino roadsides blossom in late spring.

    Several highways connect Highway One to US 101, a mutli-lane freeway that allows for much faster travel. The maps on the following pages show most of the best routes.

    Before You Start Driving on Highway One

    Fill your tank with gas and empty your bladder. Both gas stations and restrooms are few and as much as 30 miles apart. If you or anyone in your group suffers from motion sickness, bring your favorite remedies.

    Continue to 2 of 4 below.
  • 02 of 04

    Highway One through Marin County: Sausalito to Bodega Bay

    Highway One and Marin Coast from San Francisco to Bodega Bay
    ••• Highway One and Marin Coast from San Francisco to Bodega Bay. ¬©2009 Betsy Malloy Photography. Used by Permission.

    Distance: 58 miles | Driving Time: 2 hours or more

    Most of Hwy 1 in Marin is inland, with a short stretch of ocean views near Stinson Beach. Inland doesn't mean it's straight and flat, though. In fact, Hwy 1 in southern Marin County is more corkscrew-like than along the Big Sur coast. Expect to average 20 to 25 miles per hour.

    Points of Interest

    In order from south to north.

    Stinson Beach is a nice, 3-mile long beach park.

    Bolinas Lagoon is a tidal estuary that attracts over 60 species of water and shore birds. On the west side, the town of Bolinas is best-known for residents' attempts to keep outsiders from finding them, which include taking down highway signs as soon as they go up.

    Point Reyes Station has the most shops and places to eat on the Marin coast, and the only gas station. Tomales Bay Foods on 4th Street sells Cowgirl Creamery cheese and other picnic goodies.

    Tomales Bay an estuary about a mile wide and 20 miles long, the mirrored twin of Bolinas Lagoon, extends north. Near the...MORE shoreline town of Marshall, the Tomales Bay produces some of California's best oysters.

    Side Trips

    To reach the Marin Headlands, exit US 101 at Alexander Avenue. Turn west onto Conzelman Road for dramatic Golden Gate Bridge and city views, especially pretty near sunset. Continue west to see the Point Bonita Lighthouse and Rodeo Beach or leave this exploration for another trip.

    To reach the town of Sausalito, exit US 101 at Alexander Avenue and go downhill. You'll end up on Bridgeway Blvd., lined with shops and places to eat. Continue north and turn right on Gate 5 Road just before Bridgeway merges with US 101 to see the town's largest houseboat marina, an eclectic collection of floating homes. Merge onto US Hwy 101 north and exit at CA Hwy 1 to continue north.

    Muir Woods is about 10 miles off Hwy 1 via a well-marked road.

    Point Reyes National Seashore has a scenic lighthouse, several excellent beaches and much to see. It's lovely, but big, the most interesting portions far off the highway. It takes at least 3 hours to see even a small part of it.

    Dillon Beach is a privately-owned family beach at the north end of Tomales Bay, a nice place to stretch your legs. Turn west onto Dillon Beach Road in the town of Tomales.

    Primary Needs

    Get gasoline in Sausalito or Mill Valley going north or in Point Reyes Station going south. For almost 30 miles in between, there are no gas stations. Humans can fuel up in several places, including Stinson Beach, Olema and Point Reyes Station.

    Continue to 3 of 4 below.
  • 03 of 04

    Highway One through Sonoma County: Bodega Bay to Gualala

    View of the Pacific Ocean overlooking the town of Gualala in Northern California with breaking waves
    ••• California Coastline Near the Town of Gualala. Barbara Rich / Getty Images

    Distance: 48 miles from Bodega Bay to Gualala | Driving Time: About 1.5 hours

    In Sonoma County, Hwy 1 sticks to the coastline. It's less curvy and hilly than in other areas, with only a few miles north of Jenner rivaling southern counterparts for a white-knuckle ride.

    During summer, be prepared for damp, windy weather. In winter, you may encounter storms. Spring and fall bring the clearest days. Cellphone signals range from weak to nonexistent along most of the Sonoma coast, except in the towns.

    Points of Interest

    In order from south to north.

    Bodega Bay was the shooting location Alfred Hitchcock's film The Birds. It also has plenty of restaurants and places to stay.

    North of Bodega Bay, sea stacks appear along the coast, rmonoliths formed when a rock resists erosion more than those surrounding it. They make dramatic scenery, the ocean breaking into white foam against them.

    Sonoma Coast State Beaches encompasses several small beaches between Bodega Bay and Jenner. Many are little more than a...MORE gravel-paved parking area with stairs to the waterside - any makes a fine stop if it catches your eye. Along this rugged coast, sneaker waves and rip tides can turn a peaceful moment into a dangerous one. Stay away from water's edge and never turn your back on the ocean.

    The Russian River empties into the sea south of Jenner, running beside Goat Rock through one of the Sonoma Coast's most photogenic beaches. Turn off the highway just south of the river.

    Fort Ross was built in 1812 as a Russian seal- and otter-hunting base. It's a worthwhile stop if you like history.

    Planned community Sea Ranch stretches along highway for many miles. Designed to have minimal visual impact, its strict building and landscaping codes spawn a unique architectural style. Sea Ranch has a hotel and restaurant and their chapel, on the east side of Hwy 1 is one of California's prettiest churches.

    Gualala Pronounced wa-LA-la, it's technically in Mendocino County, but it's the nearest town to the county line. Gualala has hotels, restaurants, shops, gas stations, an auto mechanic and just about anything else. Surf Market (39250 South Highway One) is an especially good place to pick up picnic supplies.

    Side Trips

    Few roads make it across the coastal hills, making for few side trip options.

    Primary Needs

    You'll find gasoline stations and food in Bodega Bay, Jenner and Gualala and restaurants at Timber Cove Inn and Sea Ranch Lodge. "Go" when you find a place, or you might regret it. Restrooms are scarce between towns.

    Continue to 4 of 4 below.
  • 04 of 04

    California Coastal Highway One in Mendocino County: Gualala to Leggett

    Point Arena Lighthouse, Mendocino County, California
    ••• Point Arena Lighthouse. Kerrick James / Getty Images

    Distance: 102 miles | Driving Time: 3.5 hours

    In Mendocino County, the mountains pull back from the ocean and contours are more rounded, making for the nicest views along CA Hwy 1 north of San Francisco. In late spring and early summer, wildflowers abound. Like the rest of its length, Hwy 1 is a twisting, winding road in Mendocino, but lacking the white-knuckle-inducing, sheer drop-offs found further south.

    Points of Interest

    In order from south to north.

    Gualala Pronounced wa-LA-la, it's the biggest town between San Francisco and Fort Bragg. Gualala has lots of hotels, restaurants, shops, gas stations, an auto mechanic and just about anything else you might need. Surf Market at 39250 South Highway One is an especially good place to pick up picnic supplies.

    Point Arena Lighthouse was the first steel-reinforced concrete lighthouse in the United States and is one of California's most beautifully sited.

    Mendocino is the county's most attractive tourist town and the best place to find...MORE lodging on your way north. The backdrop for several films including The Majestic, The Russians Are Coming the Russians Are Coming and television program Murder, She Wrote, it looks more like a cute little New England town than most places in California and is good for an hour's wander or an overnight stop.

    Coast Botanical Garden is situated between the Pacific coast and Highway One and home to some very rare plants that you may not find elsewhere. A short visit makes for a nice leg-stretch but don't blame us if you stay longer than you intended.

    Point Cabrillo Lighthouse boasts a third order, British-built Fresnel lens that can be seen for almost 15 miles. You can tour the restored lighthouse, the Lightkeeper's Home and Museum and the grounds.

    Hwy 1 turns inland about 25 miles north of Fort Bragg and ends where it intersects US Hwy 101 at Leggett.

    Side Trips

    Few roads make it across the coastal hills, making for few side trip options. If you have time, you could side trip on CA Hwy 128 to the Anderson Valley wine-producing area or ride the Skunk Train out of Fort Bragg.

    Primary Needs

    You'll find gas stations, food and lodging in Gualala, Point Arena, Mendocino and Fort Bragg. Lots of cute little bed and breakfast inns and small hotels cluster along the highway, making for plenty of opportunities for a night's rest.

    If you need a restroom in an emergency, you'll find a pit toilet near the Greenwood State Park entrance in Elk, across the street from the deli.