The U.S. Census Bureau publishes data from the official Census every ten years in those years ending in the number zero. In between, they often publish estimates based on census surveys.
Here is how the population of Arizona breaks down, including the growth statistics for the various groups of people who live here.
Race Statistics for Arizona
White (2000): 3,998,154
White (2010): 4,667,121
White (2014 estimate): 5,174,082
Black/African American (2000): 185,599
Black/African American (2010): 259,008
Black/African American (2014 estimate): 274,380
American Indian/Alaska Native (2000): 292,552
American Indian/Alaska Native (2010): 296,529
American Indian/Alaska Native (2014 estimate): 290,780
Asian (2000): 118,652
Asian (2010): 176,695
Asian (2014 estimate): 191,071
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (2000): 13,415
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (2010): 12,648
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (2014 estimate): 12,638
Other (2000): 677,392
Other (2010): 761,716
Other (2014 estimate): 418,033
Two or More Races (2000): 146,526
Two or More Races (2010): 218,300
Two or More Races (2014 estimate): 200,532
Hispanic/Latino (2000): 1,295,617
Hispanic/Latino (2010): 1,895,463
Hispanic/Latino (2012 estimate): 1,977,026
Hispanics/Latinos: 30.1% of the population of Arizona is Hispanic/Latino (2104 estimate) compared to 25.3% at the 2000 Census.
Race Statistics for Maricopa County - 2014 Estimate
Maricopa County is the largest county in Arizona. Phoenix, the largest city in Arizona and the state capital, is located in Maricopa County.
Percent of population: 80.1%
Black or African American: 203,650
Percent of population: 5.2%
American Indian/Alaska Native: 74,454
Percent of population: 1.9%
Percent of population: 3.7%
Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islander: 8,138
Percent of population: 0.2%
Percent of population: 6%
Two or More Races: 118,375
Percent of population: 3%
Percent of population: 29.9%
The Largest Cities in Arizona - 2015 Estimates
There are 10 cities in Arizona with a population over 100,000. They are, in order with largest first: Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa, Chandler, Gilbert, Glendale, Scottsdale, Tempe, Peoria, Surprise. Nine of the ten are located in Maricopa County. Tucson is in Pima County.
The following statistics were from the 2010 U.S. Census.
Scottsdale leads the ten cities in white population with 89%. Peoria, Gilbert, and Surprise are next with 82%. The lowest white population is in Phoenix with 66%, followed by Glendale with 68%.
African American population
Approximately 6% of the populations of Phoenix, Glendale and Tempe are African Americans. Scottsdale has the smallest percentage at around 2%. Gilbert, Peoria, and Mesa have slightly over 3% African American population.
American Indian population
Tempe and Tucson have 3% of their population considering themselves American Indian and lead the largest cities in that category.
The smallest populations of American Indians are noted in Surprise, Scottsdale and Gilbert with less than 1%.
Chandler has the highest percentage of Asian population of the cities with more than 100,000 people with 8%. Gilbert and Tempe both have about 6% Asian people. On the low side, Mesa, Surprise and Tucson all have around 2% Asian population.
The highest percentage of Hispanic/Latino population is in Tucson at about 42% followed closely by Phoenix at 41%. This is a switch from the 2005 estimate where Phoenix topped the list. Scottsdale (9%) and Gilbert (15%) have the lowest percentage of Hispanic/Latino people living there.
Notable Changes in Population Characteristics, 2000 to 2010
- Because Surprise's population increased 280% since 2000, the increases in all categories are significant.
- Gilbert showed the largest growth in white population with 81%. Tempe and Glendale both had reductions in this category between 5% to 7%.
- Again, Gilbert was first in growth in African American population with 165% followed by Chandler and Peoria at 88% and 72% growth, respectively. Tucson had the smallest increase at 23% followed by Glendale at 33% growth.
- Gilbert was first in increased growth of American Indian population at 157% followed by Peoria at 100%. Glendale and Phoenix experienced the lowest increase at 20%.
- Gilbert leads the Asian population growth with 207%. Tucson and Tempe are lowest, both less than 25% growth.
- Gilbert was highest in the Hispanic/Latino growth category with an increase of 139% followed by Peoria at 71% increase. Tucson and Tempe were lowest at less than 25% growth in Hispanic/Latino population.
All data was obtained from the U.S. Census Bureau.