The archeological site of ancient Pompeii is one of Italy's top tourist attractions and the modern town of Pompei (spelled with only one i) makes a good base for visiting it. Pompeii can also be visited as a day trip from Naples or Sorrento. You can see Pompeii's location on this Bay of Naples map.
Our guide below has useful tips for your visit to ancient Pompeii and links to several photo galleries of the excavations.
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Hotel Diana is near the FS train station and within walking distance of the ancient Pompeii site. The modern town of Pompei (spelled with only one i) makes a good base for visiting the ancient site and other nearby attractions like Mount Vesuvius (a day trip is offered by the hotel) and Herculaneum. Since most people visit Pompeii only as a day trip, the town is pretty pleasant in the evening and there's a good restaurant near the hotel.
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The easiest way to visit Pompeii from Rome is on a guided excursion. On this tour, booked through Kajubi, you'll travel by bus from Rome to Naples where you'll pass by the city's historic sites and travel through the valley below Mount Vesuvius where you'll see the volcano looming above. Upon arrival in Pompeii, you'll have lunch and then visit the Pompeii excavations before being taken back to Rome.
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The National Archeology Museum in Naples has many mosaics and frescoes from ancient Pompeii covering a period of about two centuries. The most famous mosaics are from the House of the Faun. There's also a special exhibit of wall paintings and artifacts removed from the temple of Isis and a detailed model of ancient Pompeii made in the 19th century.
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Recommended Books about Pompeii
For reading beyond the usual Pompeii guide books, I recommend Pompeii Awakened by Judith Harris, a non-fiction book about the excavations themselves and Pompeii by Robert Harris, historic fiction set in the days leading up to the eruption of Vesuvius.