Jackson Heights started in the 1910s and 1920s as a planned community of novel cooperative apartment buildings in the Queens Borough of New York City designed to let in plenty of light and air in. The co-ops, which often surrounded their own private gardens, were a new idea, pioneered by the Queensboro Corporation to lure residents from Manhattan to what had been farmland.
Most pre–-World War II co-ops and homes built by the Queensboro Corporation in Jackson Heights have been landmarked, and are now part of the Jackson Heights Historic District.
Unlike many other co-ops, the Greystones (pictured) do not have an interior garden. Built in 1917 and originally named simply the "Garden Apartments," the Greystones were the first of the famous Jackson Heights co-ops. They line 80th Street between 35th and 37th Avenues in Jackson Heights.
Hampton Court Co-op's interior, private garden is one of the best in the Jackson Heights Historic District. The gardens of lawn, trees, shrubs, and flowers are the joint responsibility of the several buildings that make up the complex.
Hampton Court is on 78th and 79th Streets, between 35th and 37th Avenues. This block-long apartment complex was built in 1921
In Hampton Court's Private Garden
The Historic District of Jackson Heights has the most shared private gardens in New York City.
The Towers is one of Jackson Heights' most renowned garden cooperative apartment buildings. Built in 1924, The Towers' private, interior garden covers almost twice the space of the actual co-op buildings. It is located from 80th to 81st Street, between Northern Boulevard and 34th Avenue in Jackson Heights
English Garden Home
In addition to Jackson Heights' cooperative apartment buildings, the Queensboro Corporation built two- and one-family "English Garden" homes.
Pictured is a two-family, attached English Garden home called a "convertible." The outward appearance is of a one-family structure, but the upstairs could be rented out thanks to an interior door and staircase. Or the same family could use the whole building.
Queensboro began construction of these private homes in 1924. Over 15 streets of English Garden homes were built. To avoid repetition, Queensboro built in groups of two to five, with variation in roofing and entrances.
The English Garden homes are on 70th through 73rd Streets between Northern Boulevard and 34th Avenue; on 83rd through 85th Streets between 34th and 35th Avenues; and on 86th through 88th Streets between 34th and 37th Avenues
One-Family English Garden Home
This English Garden home in Jackson Heights is a great example of the one-family homes in the Historic District. It's on 84th Street between 34th and 35th Avenues