A Guide to the National Parks of Canada

Looking at view overlooking Peyto Lake, Lake Louise, Alberta, Canada

Cultura Exclusive / Manuel Sulzer / Getty Images

Canada's national parks are treasures in a world that seems to be constantly under development.

47 examples of natural landscapes and phenomena are open to the public, yet protected by law "for public understanding, appreciation, and enjoyment, while being maintained in an unimpaired state for future generations."

These North American national parks span every province and territory and include mountains and plains, boreal forests and tundra, lakes and glaciers, and more. Canada's natural environment has molded the country's national identity and continues to be a source of enjoyment and pride for Canadians and visitors.

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British Columbia National Parks

Wolverine Pass below Mount Gray in Kootenay National Park
Getty Images/Ron Watts

British Columbia is Canada's most western province, bordering the Pacific Ocean on its west, Alaska, the Northwest Territories, and the Yukon to the north, Alberta on the east and Montana, Idaho and Washington to the south.

B.C.'s landscape offers up mountains, rugged coastline, lakes, rainforest, and even desert. In addition to varied geography, B.C. is inhabited by a largely outdoor-loving, adventurous population who enjoy frequenting their parks. 

The national park system is complemented by an even larger number of B.C. provincial parks

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Alberta National Parks

Jasper National Park in Alberta
Daniel van der Ree

Some of Canada's most popular and beautiful national parks are in Alberta. The Rocky Mountain range provides the backdrop for three of them and all provide an opportunity for stunning wildlife viewing opportunities, camping, hiking and more. 

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Manitoba National Parks

Igloo and aurora borealis at wapusk national park
Getty Images/Richard Wear

Manitoba is one of Canada's prairie provinces, known for their flat grasslands and farmland. Manitoba has hundreds of lakes and even saltwater coastline. In addition to the following two national parks, Manitoba has dozens of provincial parks.

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Saskatchewan National Parks

Sunrise on sage flats near Grasslands National Park, Saskatchewan
Getty Images/John E. Marriott
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Ontario National Parks

Ice-Covered Trees And Rocks Along The Shore Of Lake Erie In Point Pelee National Park;
Getty Images/Robert Postma
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Quebec National Parks

Monoliths at Mingan Archipelago National Park Reserve
Getty Images/Jean Desy/Design Pics
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The Maritimes - New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, & Nova Scotia

Blockhouse Point Lighthouse, Rocky Point, Prince Edward Island, Canada
Getty Images/Barrett & MacKay

New Brunswick

Nova Scotia

Prince Edward Island

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Newfoundland & Labrador

Black legged kittiwakes and northern gannets nesting on steep cliffs, Cape Saint Marys Ecological Reserve, Newfoundland, Canada
Getty Images/Danita Delimont
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The Northwest Territories, Yukon & Nunavut

Mountains of Kathleen Lake, Kluane National Park
Getty Images/Gail Shotlander

Northwest Territories

Yukon

Nunavut

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