Montreal smoking laws involving tobacco use are tougher than ever since the Quebec government passed the Tobacco Control Act into legislation November 26, 2015.
Today, anyone caught smoking or vaping in a prohibited place in Montreal -or anywhere in Quebec for that matter- risks facing a fine ranging from $250 to $750 for a first offense.
As for repeat offenders, they can look forward to coughing up anywhere from $500 to $1,500 in fines if caught in the act at the wrong place and the wrong time more than once.
Don't Light Up on a Terrace
Montreal patios were a sacrosanct last resort for smokers since Quebec banned smoking in restaurants, bars, cafés and other public places such as offices as of May 2006.
But as of May 26, 2016, smokers and vapers had to adjust to a new regime: all commercial patios are now smoke-free. Anyone caught vaping or lighting up a cigarette or cigar on Montreal terraces risks being slapped a fine of $250 to $1,500.
Rules of the Car
Your car, your rules? Not in Montreal. And not in Quebec. Courtesy of Quebec's Tobacco Control Act, anyone caught smoking or vaping in a vehicle with a minor less than 16 years old also present in said vehicle is subject to a fine ranging from $250 to $1,500.
Protect the Child
Quebec's Tobacco Control Act passed into law on November 26, 2015 beefs up smoking restrictions designed to protect children.
It's forbidden to purchase tobacco products for minors under any circumstance or to offer tobacco products to minors for free on grounds used by a school. Break the rules? Pay the price. Law-breakers face fines of anywhere from $500 to $3,000 if caught in the act.
Furthermore, it's forbidden to light up or vape e-cigarettes in daycare centers, schools, all school grounds, playgrounds, sports fields, campgrounds and any park space intended for children. Smoking in a restricted zone could land smokers a fine ranging from $250 to $1,500.
Another tricky prohibition for smokers and vapers courtesy of the Quebec Tobacco Act is smoking in public spaces of residential buildings composed of two to five units. Common areas like hallways and shared stairwells are strictly non-smoking in Montreal and across the province of Quebec as of May 26, 2016.
That Tobacco Better Smell Like It
As of August 26, 2016, Montreal and the entire province of Quebec restrict tobacco shops from selling tobacco products that taste or smell like anything but tobacco, an ostensible strategy to protect minors from becoming addicted to the legal, albeit damaging drug via the lure of alluring flavors and aromas that mask tobacco's less pleasant taste and smell.
Step Aside, Ten-Foot Pole
Smoking in Montreal got more complicated than ever as of November 26, 2016.
In addition to every other anti-tobacco measure already mentioned, anyone caught smoking or vaping outside within a 9-metre radius (30 feet) of doors or windows that can open - it doesn't matter if they're open or not at the time - is subject to fines of $250 to $1,500.
Air intakes connected to any enclosed place where smoking is already prohibited in Quebec is included in the latter regulation.
Find out more about the Quebec Tobacco Control Act.