Melbourne, Australia's second largest city and the capital of the state of Victoria, is a fascinating blend of old and new. There is much of Australia's past in the Victorian and Gothic architecture in many Melbourne buildings even as they sit alongside more modern steel and glass structures in a city that is, as well, a mixture of styles.
Flinders St Station
On the southern edge of the Melbourne city centre, Flinders St Station is a major Melbourne landmark, the hub of Melbourne's transport system, and a popular meeting place, particularly under the station's domed clock tower. Its striking Victorian architecture maintains the city's link with the past even as it sits cheek by jowl with the contrasting 21st century Federation Square.
Federation Square, which stands across the street from Flinders St Station, is an imposing Melbourne structure of modern architecture.
Location map and how to get there.
St Paul's Cathedral
St Paul's Cathedral, across the street from Federation Square, is an imposing old-style Melbourne Anglican cathedral.
Located on the corner of Swanston and Flinders Sts, St Paul's Cathedral was built on the site of Melbourne's first Christian service on the banks of the Yarra River after Melbourne was founded in 1835.
The architecture of St Paul's Cathedral is described as a revival of the style known as Gothic transitional, partly early English Gothic and partly Decorated Gothic. Its foundation stone was laid in 1880 and the cathedral was consecrated in 1891.
Rialto Towers is one of the tallest reinforced concrete structures in the southern hemisphere. A linked, two-tower development, Rialto was Melbourne's tallest building until Eureka Building came along. The building is accessible from both Collins St and Flinders Lane and features an observation deck on level 55.
Officially opened in October 2006, Eureka Tower is Melbourne's tallest structure. A residential building in Melbourne's Southbank, it soars above nearby buildings like a needlepoint in the sky. It is the second tallest skyscraper in the southern hemisphere, and the second tallest residential building in the world.
Its observation deck — Skydeck — on the 88th floor is believed to be the highest public vantage point (285m/935ft) in the southern hemisphere.
At the Eureka Skydeck, visitors can try the world-first "Edge" experience — a glass cube that projects three metres out from the side of the building, with groups of 10 to 12 people inside it.
The tower of Crown Melbourne's entertainment and hotel complex is a distinctive spire in the Melbourne skyline. The tower, rising high above the Yarra River, houses the Crown Towers hotel suites and rooms.
For those who like a flutter or two at the gaming tables, Crown Melbourne at Southbank is a natural drawcard. For those seeking five-star accommodation, Crown Towers is luxurious and convenient.
Melbourne Museum is located at Melbourne's Carlton Gardens, also the site of the Royal Exhibition Centre, an inscribed World Heritage site.
When it was completed in 2000, the new Melbourne Museum, with its distinctive soaring roofline and grand proportions, became the largest museum not only in Australia but in the whole southern hemisphere.
Royal Exhibition Building
Melbourne's Royal Exhibition Building and its Carlton Gardens site were inscribed in 2004 by the United Nations as a World Heritage site, one of a number of Australian World Heritage sites and the first Australian structure to receive World Heritage recognition.
Old Treasury Building
The Old Treasury Building is considered one of the finest public buildings in Australia and occupies a unique position in Melbourne's history, having had its origins in the 1850s Victorian Gold Rush which accelerated the city's development.
The exterior of the building is finished in Bacchus Marsh sandstone on bluestone foundations. When the State Treasurer and his officers moved to the State Government Offices at Treasury Place in 1878, the building was renamed the Old Treasury.
It now houses the Melbourne City Museum.
State Library of Victoria
The State Library of Victoria is the state's central library and a city landmark located in the city block bounded by Swanston, La Trobe, Russell, and Little Lonsdale Sts, in the northern centre of Melbourne's central business district.
Arts Centre Spire
Melbourne's Arts Centre spire is an easily-recognisable iconic symbol of Melbourne. It rises from the Arts Centre like a beacon, visible by day or night.
The Arts Centre on St Kilda Rd, just south of the Yarra, houses venues for the performing arts as well as having NGV (National Gallery of Victoria) International within its arts and cultural precinct.
The Arts Centre was previously named, and is often still commonly known, as the Victorian Arts Centre.
Melbourne Cricket Ground
Melbourne Cricket Ground is an all-purpose stadium used for cricket matches, Aussie Rules football games and other sports events including the recent Commonwealth Games.
Rod Laver Arena
Rod Laver Arena is the centre court for tennis tournaments at Melbourne Park, home of the Australian Open.
The arena is named after Australian tennis legend Rod Laver, the only tennis player in the world to have won the tennis Grand Slam — winning all four Grand Slam tournaments in one year — twice!
When not in use for tennis, Rod Laver Arena is a venue for concerts and other events.
Etihad Stadium, formerly known as Telstra Dome, is a multi-purpose facility in the heart of Melbourne's Docklands, catering for major sporting and entertainment events, as well as social, business and private functions. It is probably best known as a major venue for Aussie Rules football. It opened in March 2000 with the first Australian Football League match between Essendon and Port Adelaide.
Melbourne Exhibition Centre
Located in Melbourne's Southbank just south of the Yarra, the Melbourne Exhibition Centre comprises purpose-designed facilities to cater for large conferences, conventions, exhibitions, meetings, gala and special events.
During the 2006 Commonwealth Games, it was the venue for a number of sports matches, including badminton, boxing and weightlifting.