The Masai Mara National Reserve is Kenya's premier wildlife park. It was established in 1961 to protect wildlife from hunters. The Masai Mara is the reason many visitors come to Kenya and its beauty and abundant wildlife won't disappoint. This guide to the Masai Mara will tell you what animals you can expect to see, the topography of the area, where to stay, how to get there, and what there is to do beyond the game drives.
Where is the Masai Mara National Reserve?
The Masai Mara is in southwestern Kenya on the border with Tanzania. The reserve is situated in the Rift Valley with Tanzania's Serengeti Plains running along its southern end. The Mara River runs through the reserve (north to south) hosting plenty of hippos and crocodiles and making the annual migration of over a million wildebeest and hundreds of thousands of zebras an extremely dangerous undertaking.
Most of the Masai Mara is made up of hilly grassland which is fed by plentiful rain, especially during the wet months between November and June. The areas bordering the Mara river are forested and are home to over several hundred bird species. This map will help orient you.
Masai Mara's Wildlife
The Masai Mara Reserve is Kenya's most popular game park because it's relatively small (a little smaller than Rhode Island) yet it hosts an amazing concentration of wildlife.
You are almost guaranteed to see the Big 5. Lions abound throughout the park as do leopards, cheetah, hyenas, giraffe, impala, wildebeest, topi, baboons, warthogs, buffalo, zebra, elephants, and of course hippos and crocodiles in the Mara River.
The best time to go is between July and October when the wildebeest and zebra are at their highest number and offer plenty of food for lions, cheetahs, and leopards.
The best time to view animals is either at dawn or dusk. For more tips on spotting wildlife see my tips for a successful safari.
Because the reserve has no fences you can actually see as much wildlife within its boundaries as outside in the areas inhabited by the Maasai tribes. In 2005/6 a visionary conservationist, Jake Grieves-Cook approached the Maasai who owned the land adjacent to the Reserve and offered to lease parts of it from them. In exchange, the Maasai promised to vacate the land and not graze their cattle on it. The land quickly reverted to dense grassland and wildlife is thriving. The Maasai are paid rent, and many families are benefiting from employment at some of the eco-friendly camps that have been set up. Tourist numbers and safari vehicles are strictly limited, which translates into a much better safari experience all around. (More on Conservancies in the Mara). Within the reserve, it's not unusual to see 5 or 6 safari vehicles full of tourists taking photos of one lion with its kill.
For more details about the mammals and birdlife in the reserve see Kenyaology's page about the Mara's wildlife
Things to Do in and around the Masai Mara Reserve
- Game Drives. If you have flown straight to the Masai Mara Reserve then your safari package will usually include several daily game drives. If you've rented your own vehicle then it is recommended you find a map of the reserve or take an askari (guard) with you.
- Walking Safaris. If you enjoy a little adventure try a walking safari with a Maasai guide. The best ones are outside the reserve boundaries in the Conservancies.
- Cultural Tours with the Maasai. Visiting a traditional Maasai village is frequently included in a safari package to the Masai Mara. While not really an authentic experience you may learn something about the Maasai. You can also take some excellent cultural tours to learn more about the Maasai.
- Hot Air Ballooning is a popular pastime that provides an expensive but unique experience. Every lodge and camp will be able to set up a flight for you. The balloons usually fly at dawn and last about an hour. Upon landing most balloon companies offer a champagne breakfast.
How to get to the Masai Mara
The trip takes at least 6 hours by car because the roads are quite poor and should not be attempted unless you have a 4WD vehicle. If you do plan to drive, avoid the rainy season since many of the roads become totally impassable. For further information on road routes see Kenyaology's very comprehensive guide to driving to the Masai Mara Reserve.
Many tourists choose to fly into the Masai Mara National Reserve because of the poor quality roads. But flying makes your safari quite a bit more expensive (since you have to then add the game drives to your tour) and you miss out on some of the adventures of traveling in one of Africa's more remote areas.
Many safari packages include air but you can also purchase a ticket locally. Safarlink offers two scheduled flights a day from Wilson Airport; the flight takes 45 minutes.
Park Entry Fees
In 2015 the entry fee for the Masai Mara Reserve was $80 per adult per day (subject to change at any time!). If you don't enter the Reserve and view the wildlife from outside you may still get charged a fee for staying on Maasai land by Maasai tribesmen, but in most cases, this will be included in the price of your safari lodging.
More About the Masai Mara National Reserve:
- Places to Stay Inside the Masai Mara Reserve
- Budget Accommodation and Places to Stay Outside the Masai Mara Reserve
The Masai Mara has plenty of places to stay for those looking for luxury accommodation at an average of around $200 - $500 per night. The Mara is home to some of the best tented luxury camps in Africa with flushing toilets, haute cuisine and sundowners served by waiters wearing white gloves.
Lodges and tented camps inside the reserve include:
- Mara Serena Lodge. This luxury lodge is beautifully situated on a hilltop overlooking the Mara river. Its the perfect location during the great wildebeest migration. The hotel is well laid out and integrated into its surroundings. It has 74 ethnically decorated rooms, a swimming pool, bar, and restaurant. Prices start at $170 per night for a double room.
- Keekorok Lodge. The first lodge built in the Masai Mara Reserve and they chose one of the best spots. During the annual migration, guests have been known to watch a lion kill from the bar. The hotel has 158 rooms in various styles, some are chalets and some are bungalows. There's also a swimming pool (and one for hippos next door), a bar and restaurant. Prices start at $200 per night for a double room.
- Mara Simba Lodge. An environmentally friendly luxury safari resort, the Mara Simba lodge is set on the banks of the Talek river inside the Masai Mara Reserve. There are 84 rooms each with their own verandah overlooking the river. There's a restaurant, swimming pool, shop, and bar. Prices start at $150 per night for a double room
- Governors Camps. There are 4 campsites owned and run by the Governors Camp group. All are luxury tented camps in beautiful settings inside the Masai Mara Reserve. The largest is the original Governors Camp with 36 tents situated along the banks of the Mara River. Rates start at $275 per person sharing a double tent, this includes food, game drives, and accommodation.
The Little Governors Camp is more intimate with just 17 luxury tents situated around a waterhole where you can enjoy a bonfire at night while sipping excellent wine. Rates start at $290 per person sharing a double tent, this includes food, game drives, and accommodation.
The Governors' Ilmoran Camp offers the height of luxurious camping with just 10 tents each with their own verandas, flushing toilets, Victorian baths, and comfortable beds. The food is, of course, excellent as well. Rates start at $390 per person sharing a double tent, this includes food, game drives and accommodation.
The Governors Private Camp is as luxurious as the Ilmoran Camp but even more exclusive since only single parties are able to rent it out at one time. A minimum of 4 guests must stay for at least 3 nights. Rates start at $500 per person sharing a double tent, this includes food, game drives and accommodation.
- Sarova Mara Tented Camp. Easily accessible, this tented campsite is quite large with 75 luxury tents set in beautiful gardens with streams on either side of the property. There's a main lodge with bar, restaurant and swimming pool. Rates start at $210 for a double tent
- Mara Intrepids Club. Situated above a bend in the Talek river, 30 luxury tents make up this campsite. There are a bar and restaurant area, swimming pool and every night bait is laid out so guests get to see the otherwise elusive leopard while sipping cocktails in safety.
Here's a map to help you locate these accommodation options.
Since the Masai Mara Reserve is not fenced there is as much wildlife to be seen outside of the reserve as there is inside. The following lodges and campsites are therefore equal value for the visitor to the Masai Mara Reserve area:
- Kichwa Tembo Camp is a luxury tented camp with 40 tents, restaurant and swimming pool. The luxury camp was made famous because Robert Redford and Meryl Streep stayed here while filming 'Out of Africa'. Rates start at $185 per person per night sharing a double and include meals and game drives
Just next to the camp is the smaller and more exclusive Bateleur Camp with 9 tents. Rates start at $445 per person per night sharing a double and include meals, drinks, and game drives
- Siana Springs Camp offers luxury tented accommodation with natural springs nearby. Set at the base of the Ngama Hills this camp is one of the most established luxury camps in the Mara area. Siana Springs has a wonderful swimming pool as well as several shelters to watch the game from in safety.Rates start at $315 for a double tent including meals and game drives.
- Masai Mara Sopa Lodge is a large lodge on the east side of the reserve with 90 rooms each with their own balcony overlooking a valley often filled with game. The lodge has a swimming pool, restaurant, and bar.
- Fig Tree Camp. The Fig Tree is situated on the banks of the Talek River and offers both tented accommodations as well as cabins. There are 2 bars, 2 dining rooms (one open-air), a tree house coffee deck and a swimming pool. There are 38 tents and 27 cabins to choose from.Rates start at $220 for a double room.
- Kicheche Mara Camp is a luxury tented camp with excellent food and very quiet surroundings. This camp is popular with photographers. Rates for a 3-night package including flights to and from Nairobi, game drives, food, and sundowners is $915 per person (excluding park fees).
Budget Accommodation in the Masai Mara
Options for budget accommodation in the Masai Mara area are limited to basic campgrounds. There are over 20 campsites in and around the Reserve but few maps have all of them listed and some are extremely basic and a little unsafe. If you can't book in advance try asking for information at any of the gates to the reserve.
Most campsites are located near the gates so you shouldn't have to go too far.
The Lonely Planet Guide lists Oloolaimutiek Camp Site near the Oloolaimutiek gate and the Riverside Camp near the Talek gate. Both camps are run by local Maasai.
A good way to enjoy a budget camping safari in the Masai Mara is to book with a tour operator. AfricaGuide offers a 3-day camping safari, for example, starting at $270 per person which includes camping, food, park fees and transport.
Kenyaology has the most comprehensive information regarding campsites around the Reserve.