Central & South America Peru Peru Guide Things To Do Essentials All Peru Location of Peru on a Global Map By Tony Dunnell Tony Dunnell Instagram LinkedIn Twitter Tony Dunnell is a travel writer specializing in Peruvian tourism and the founder of the How to Peru blog. TripSavvy's editorial guidelines Updated on 06/26/19 Share Pin Email BOLDG / Getty Images Peru, one of 12 sovereign nations in South America, sits just south of the equator on the western half of the continent. Known worldwide for the Incan ruins at Machu Picchu, Peru also attracts travelers with an expansive coastline, Amazon rainforest, and the western portion of Lake Titicaca. Map Coordinates The CIA World Factbook places the center of Peru at the following geographic coordinates: 10 degrees south latitude and 76 degrees west longitude. Latitude is the distance north or south of the equator, while longitude is the distance east or west of Greenwich, England. Each degree of latitude equals about 69 miles, putting the top of Peru at about 690 miles south of the equator. In terms of longitude, Peru sits roughly in line with the east coast of the United States. Geography Peru, the third largest country in South America, contains three distinct geographic zones: the coast, mountains, and jungle -- or costa, sierra, and selva in Spanish. Peru’s coastline stretches for about 1,500 miles (2,414 kilometers) along the South Pacific Ocean, where you can find beaches in varying states of resort development and world-class waves that support surfing's alternative origin story. The Andes spread across Peru, and contain the densest collection of snow-capped peaks in the Americas. Peru has a total area of approximately 496,224 square miles or 1,285,216 square kilometers. Political Boundaries Five South American countries share a border with Peru: Ecuador to the north, which shares an 882-mile border Colombia to the north, which shares a 1,119-mile border Brazil to the east, which shares a 1,861-miles border Bolivia to the southeast, which shares a 668-mile border Chile to the south, which shares a 106-mile border Was this page helpful? Thanks for letting us know! Share Pin Email Tell us why! Submit Check Out These Fast Facts About Peru The Top 20 Things to Do in Peru 5 Maps That Will Help You Visualize Peru Best 50 Places in South America to See Before You Die The Coast, Mountain, and Jungle Regions of Peru How to Navigate Through the Islands of the Caribbean 18 Inspiring Aerial Images of Peru Do you know the 10 natural wonders of South America? Surfers Weigh in on Where to Go Surfing in South America Road Trip Ideas Through South America 25 Adventures to Have in South America The Seven Natural Wonders of South America Visit Ancient Chimu Capital of Chan Chan in Peru Where to Go in 2021: 10 Future Trips You Can Start Planning Now Tourism Boards Can Help You Plan Travel to Chile, Argentina and more. What Are the Best Attractions to Visit in San Francisco?