The Lithuanian tricolor flag was re-adopted in 1989 after Lithuania regained its independence from the Soviet Union. It was last used in the beginning of the 20th century, from 1918 to 1940. The yellow stripe of the Lithuanian flag represents golden fields of grain, the green represents a lush countryside, and the red represents blood spilled in the battle for Lithuania.
Lithuanian Coat of Arms
The Lithuanian coat of arms is an ancient symbol that stands for Lithuania's long European history. The modern coat of arms of Lithuania was officially adopted in the 1990s, but the coat of arms dates back to the middle ages. The white rider (or Vytis) and horse are depicted on a red background with gold and blue accents.
Gediminas, the Grand duke or prince of Lithuania in the 13th-14th centuries, was responsible for founding Lithuania as an empire. Gediminas is remembered for his response to the religiopolitical issues of the day. Widespread conversion to Christianity clashed with deeply rooted paganism, making Gediminas' rule especially difficult.
This statue of Gediminas is found in the main square in Vilnius Lithuania.
Hill of Crosses Siauliai
This wooden sculpture of Christ can be found at Lithuania's Hill of Crosses. This pilgrimage site is a place for Lithuanians and international travelers to pray or simply meditate.
Painted, dyed, and decorated eggs, called marguciai, are a part of the Lithuanian Easter tradition, just like elsewhere in Eastern Europe. These Easter eggs are wooden, but Lithuanian decorated eggs can also be blown eggshells dyed with natural plant dyes and patterned using a traditional wax-removal method.
Lithuanian Weaving is a folk art that has been passed down through families of weavers who have integrated Lithuanian symbolism and motifs into sashes, table linens, and other cloths to decorate Lithuanian folk costumes or the home.
Lithuanian names for weaving components include:
- siaudykle = shuttle
- seiva = bobbin
- nytys = heddles
- skietas = reed
- mintuvai = brake
- karstuvai = carder
Lithuania's economy has long depended upon what its farmers could produce. However, Lithuania has often struggled to keep up with technological farming advances. Especially in rural Lithuania, farming may be done much the way it has been done for centuries. This granary is one example of the existing rural Lithuanian agricultural artifacts that are part of Lithuania's rustic charm.
Fishing along the coast or along other waterways has been an important survival technique for Lithuanians for hundreds of years. Particularly in Neringa, fishing is still a way of life. Visitors to Lithuania may even join fishing tours (both during the warm months and during the winter for ice fishing trips) or enjoy some smoked fish while they travel along the Baltic coast.
Amber From the Baltic Coast
Lithuania was once a part of the Amber Road, so it's no wonder that amber is used so prevalently through Lithuania. Lithuania also has amber museums for you to visit.
When you make amber purchases, be sure you take care of your amber properly.
Lithuanian traditional costumes feature long skirts, aprons, vests, and hats for the women, and long pants, vests or coats, and boots for the men.
View more photos of Lithuanian folk costumes.