Lake View Cemetery - Main Gate
Lakeview Cemetery, founded in 1869 by wealthy Clevelanders including Jeptha Wade, was modeled after Boston's Mount Auburn Cemetery as well as the historic cemeteries of France and England. The 285-acre scenic park is home to over 102,000 graves, with an average of 700 burials annually. Although the cemetery is known for its illustrious residents, anyone can be buried there, regardless of race, creed, religion, or walk of life.
Among the thousands buried at Lake View Cemetery are Jeptha Wade, one of the cemetery's founders and a leading contributor to the Cleveland Museum of Art; President James A. Garfield; Leonard Case, the founder of Case Institute that would become Case Western Reserve University, industrialist Amasa Stone and his family; philanthropist Samuel Mather and his family; Cleveland Clinic founder, Dr. George W. Crile; Severance Hall benefactor, John L. Severance; Sherwin-Williams founder, Henry Sherwin; Karamu House founders, Russell and Rowena Jelliffe; and Thompson Products president (later to become TRW) and avid auto collector, Frederick C. Crawford, founder of the Crawford Auto-Aviation Museum.
Lake View Cemetery, located just outside of University Circle, is open to the public daily from 730am to 530pm. The cemetery also hosts periodic events, such as its Memorial Day ceremony and historic walking tours.
Join me for a look at some of the cemetery's highlights.
John D. Rockefeller's Grave
Before he left for New York, John D. Rockefeller was one of Cleveland's favorite sons. The "richest man in the world" at the turn of the 20th century began his business career in Cleveland and made his fortune by founding the Standard Oil Company, based in the city. Rockefeller donated much to the city's cultural institutions, including the land for Rockefeller Park.
When Rockefeller died in 1937 at the age of 98, he wished to be buried at Lake View Cemetery in the city he once called home. A 70-foot obelisk marks his grave. The structure, the tallest in the cemetery, was created by sculptor Joseph Carabelli.
Visitors to the gravesite often place dimes at the base of the stone, perhaps hoping that their money will increase as Rockefeller's did.
Eliot Ness' Grave
Eliot Ness, best known for his pursuit and eventual indictment of 1930s gangster, Al Capone, was Cleveland's Director of Public Safety from 1935 to 1942. He also ran (unsuccessfully) for Cleveland mayor in 1947. Although he lived in Pennsylvania when he died in 1957, he wanted to be buried at Lake View Cemetery. Actually, the stone is just a memorial to Ness. His ashes were sprinkled in one of the cemetery's ponds by the Cleveland Police Department, as part of Ness' final requests.
Ness is just one of many government and civic leaders that "reside" at Lake View. Others include former Mayors Carl B. Stokes and Tom Johnson; Lincoln aide and Secretary of State, John Hay; and Senator Marc Hanna.
Henry Chisholm Monument
Henry Chisholm (1822 - 1881) was the founder of the Cleveland Rolling Mills, located on Cleveland's near south side. These mills specialized in making iron and steel and provided jobs for the thousands of European immigrants that flocked to the nearby Tremont and Slavic Village neighborhoods in the 19th century. (The Cleveland Rolling Mills eventually became part of US Steel, then Republic Steel, then LTV, then Int'l Steel Group...)
Chisholm was, by all accounts, a kind and benevolent employer. His monument at Lake View Cemetery reads "erected by 6000 employees and friends in memory of Henry Chisholm, Christian, philanthropist, and everyone's friend." After Chisholm's death, his mills were the site of many violent clashes between workers and management.
(last updated 5-12-08)
Lake View Cemetery Angels
Lake View is noted for its many stone figures of angels that adorn the cemetery's monuments. These range from Victorian cherubs to modern depictions. Lake View sponsors periodic guided tours of the angel monuments.
James A. Garfield, the 20th President of the United States, was an Ohio native. Born in what is now Moreland Hills, he attended what became Hiram College and lived in Mentor before moving to Washington and the House of Representatives and ultimately the White House. He was assassinated and died just six months after taking office.
The Garfield Monument at Lake View Cemetery is a 180-foot tall, cylindrical building, designed by architect George Keller. It was dedicated in 1890, two years after the president's death. It sits on a hill, overlooking the cemetery grounds. The outside is adorned with five bas-relief panels, depicting scenes from Garfield's life.
The main floor of the interior is decorated with elaborate mosaic tiles, marble columns, and colorful leaded glass windows. The focal point on the main level is a larger-than-life statue of President Garfield (pictured above).
The lower level contains the flag-draped coffin of President Garfield and that of his wife, Lucretia. Two urns containing the remains of the Garfields' daughter Molly and her husband are adjacent to the coffins.
The Garfield Monument is open daily between 9 am and 4 pm from April 1 to November 19. Interpretive guides are available for brief tours and to answer questions. Admission is free.
Charles Brush Monument
Charles Frances Brush (1849-1929) was a Cleveland inventor whose original arc street light still stands at Public Square. His Brush Electric Company ultimately became General Electric.
The Brush monument at Lake View Cemetery was created by Joseph Carabelli, who also created the John D. Rockefeller obelisk and the Wade Chapel.
Other Cleveland inventors buried at Lake View include Garrett A. Morgan, who created the gas mask and the first traffic light.
Community Mausoleum - Lake View Cemetery
The Community Mausoleum at Lake View Cemetery is located near the Mayfield Gate. Opened in 1990, this modern structure has granite walls and a glass and steel roof, dotted with frequent skylights. It houses private and family burial rooms and a large non-denominational chapel. The opening of the mausoleum reflects the growing trend towards cremation and away from traditional outdoor plots.
Schofield Vault - Lake View Cemetery
This ornate monument is believed to have been designed by noted Cleveland architect, Levi T. Scofield as his family burial place. (Note that he preferred the European spelling of his name for his family's vault.)
Scofield (1842-1917) is best remembered for designed the Soldiers' and Sailors' Monument at Public Square in downtown Cleveland.
The Schofield Vault is just one of many ornate stone vaults and mausoleums at Lake View Cemetery.
Wade Chapel - Lake View Cemetery
Jeptha Wade Jr. had the Wade Chapel constructed in 1901 in memory of his famous grandfather. The Greek revival structure, designed by the architectural firm of Hubbell and Benes. The interior of the chapel was designed by Louis Comfort Tiffany and is one of the few Tiffany interiors still intact. Among the adornments is a Tiffany window (see inset in the picture above), entitled "The Journey of Life."
The Wade Chapel is open to the public daily from April 1 to November 19 from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. The chapel is staffed with a guide and admission is free. There is off-set parking near the chapel.