Celebrated annually on December 5, the King’s Birthday in Thailand is an important annual patriotic holiday. King Bhumibol Adulyadej of Thailand was the longest-reigning monarch and the world's longest-ruling head of state before his death on October 13, 2016. He was dearly loved by many in Thailand. Images of King Bhumibol are seen all over Thailand.
The King's Birthday is also considered a Father’s Day as well as National Day in Thailand.
Of all the big festivals in Thailand, the King’s Birthday is especially important to Thai people. Seeing supporters with tears of endearment at ceremonies isn’t uncommon. Sometimes images of the king on television screens would cause people to put their heads on the sidewalk.
Note: King Maha Vajiralongkorn succeeded his father as King of Thailand on December 1, 2016. The new king's birthday is on July 28.
- Read more about planning your first vacation in Thailand.
How the King of Thailand’s Birthday is Celebrated
The many supporters of the king wear yellow — the royal color. Early in the morning, alms will be given to monks; temples will be especially busy. Streets are blocked off, music and cultural performances take place on stages in cities, and special markets pop up. Firework shows are held in Bangkok, and people hold candles to honor the king.
Until his final years, King Bhumibol would make a rare appearance and pass through Bangkok in a motorcade. With health getting worse over the years, King Bhumibol spent most of his time at the summer palace in Hua Hin. People gather outside of the palace in the evening to hold candles and honor the king. Tourists are invited to join and participate as long as they are respectful.
Because the King of Thailand’s Birthday is also considered Father’s Day, children will honor their fathers on December 5.
King Bhumibol of Thailand
Bhumibol Adulyadej, the last King of Thailand, was the longest-reigning monarch in the world, as well as the longest-serving head of state, until his death on October 13, 2016. King Bhumibol was born in 1927 and took the throne at the age of 18 on June 9, 1946. He ruled for over 70 years.
For years, Forbes listed the Thai monarchy as the wealthiest in the world. Throughout his long reign, King Bhumibol did a lot to improve daily life for the Thai people. He even held several environmental patents, including ones for waste water processing and seeding clouds to make rain!
Following the tradition for kings of the Chakri Dynasty, Bhumibol Adulyadej is also known as Rama IX. Rama was an avatar of the god Vishnu in Hindu belief.
Only used in official documents, the full title for King Bhumibol Adulyadej is “Phra Bat Somdet Phra Paraminthra Maha Bhumibol Adulyadej Mahitalathibet Ramathibodi Chakkrinaruebodin Sayamminthrathirat Borommanatthabophit" — a mouthful!
King Bhumibol was actually born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, while his father was studying at Harvard. The king is often depicted holding a camera and was fond of black-and-white photography. He played saxophone, wrote books, did paintings, and enjoyed gardening.
King Bhumibol is to be succeeded by Crown Prince Vajiralongkorn, his only son.
Travel Considerations for the King’s Birthday
Many streets may be blocked off in Bangkok, making transportation more challenging. Banks, government offices, and some businesses will be closed. Because the holiday is a somber occasion and very special to Thai people, visitors should be quiet and reverent during ceremonies. Stand and be silent when the Thailand national anthem is played each day at 8 a.m. and 6 p.m.
The Royal Palace in Bangkok will be closed on December 5 and 6.
Alcohol cannot be purchased legally on the King’s Birthday holiday.
Thailand’s Lese Majeste Laws
Disrespecting the King of Thailand is a serious no-no in Thailand; it’s officially illegal. People have been arrested for speaking negatively about the royal family. Even making jokes or speaking out against the royal family on Facebook is illegal and people have received very lengthy prison sentences for doing so.
Because all Thai currency features a portrait of the king, stepping on or damaging money is a serious offense — don’t do it!
- Read more about Thailand’s strict Lese Majeste laws.