Italy has 12 days that are national holidays. On these days, banks and most shops will be closed, although in main tourist areas you will still find some stores and restaurants open. Public transportation runs on a reduced Sunday and holiday schedule. Most museums and sites are closed on Christmas and New Year's Day. Some are closed on Easter, May 1, or other holidays as well. You can check closing days in these lists of Top Museums in Italy or Sites and Museums to Book in Advance.
New Year's' Day, January 1
January 1 is Capodanno, or New Year's Day. While most things are closed you'll probably find special events going on in the main squares of top cities. In Rome, you'll find entertainment for the kids on Piazza del Popolo and in Venice, head to the Lido in the morning to take the traditional first dip of the year in the chilly water. Read about where to celebrate New Year's Eve in Italy.
January 6 marks the end of Italy's Christmas season and the day when children traditionally get presents or sweets from Befana (an elderly woman or good witch). In Vatican City, a procession of hundreds of people in medieval costumes walk to the Vatican, carrying symbolic gifts for the Pope who says a morning mass in Saint Peter's Basilica to commemorate the visit of the Wise Men bearing gifts for Jesus. Read more about nativity processions and pageants as well as festivals for La Befana in Epiphany and La Befana.
Easter Sunday is celebrated with a mass, the biggest and most popular being the Easter mass said by the Pope in Saint Peter's Basilica. Florence celebrates Easter Sunday with the Scoppio del Carro, the explosion of the cart, that takes place in front of Florence's Duomo after mass. While you won't see the Easter bunny, you will see big chocolate eggs. During Holy Week, the week leading up to Easter, there are many processions and special events throughout Italy. Read more about Easter and Holy Week in Italy.
Easter Monday, the day after Easter Sunday
La Pasquetta, or the little Easter, is a national holiday that's celebrated on the day after Easter. On this day Italians traditionally head to the countryside for a picnic, but if you're in a city you may find concerts, dances, or unusual games like cheese-rolling. Top sites and museums are usually open. Read more about La Pasquetta and cheese-rolling in our article, Easter in Italy.
Liberation Day, Festa della Liberazione commemorates the end of WWII in Italy. The national holiday is marked by ceremonies, historic re-enactments, and celebrations. Most major sites and museums are open and many towns hold fairs, concerts, food festivals, or special events. In Rome, there's a parade, including a tri-color flyover from the Italian Air Force. In Venice it's also the feast day of Venice's patron saint, Saint Mark, celebrated with a procession and other festivities in Saint Mark's Square.
Labor Day, May 1
May 1, the day of the worker, is another Italian national holiday with more festivals, parades, and special events. Since it's so close to Liberation Day, many Italians take a vacation from April 25 through May 1. Some museums, such as the Uffizi Gallery and Naples Archaeology Museum, are closed on May 1. Top tourist destinations like Venice and Alberobello in the south are extremely crowded and in some cities, there may be protest rallies. One of Sardinia's most important festivals, the La festa di sant'Efisio, starts on May 1.
Festa della Repubblica, June 2, commemorates the birth of the Italian Republic. Most major sties and attractions are open and it's another day when you may find concerts, parades, and other special events. In Rome there's usually a big parade presided over by Italy's president and military bands play music in the gardens of the Quirinale, open to the public.
August 15, Ferragosto, is the peak of Italy's vacation period so if you're in a city during the second half of August you may find a number of restaurants and shops closed for vacation, chiuso per ferie, although most major sites and museums will remain open. Many Italians head to the beach for Ferragosto, so the coast (and coastal roads) are usually very crowded. There are special events, parades, festivals, and fireworks in many places both on August 15 and August 16. Read more about Ferragosto events.
All Saint's Day, November 1
All Saint's Day, Ognissanti, is a day honoring all the saints and is normally celebrated with a mass on November 1. On the following day, All Soul's Day (which is not a holiday), Italians place flowers on the tombs of their ancestors so you'll see lots of flowers on sale leading up to November 2 and if you visit a cemetery it will be full of flowers. All Saints's Eve, or Halloween, is becoming popular in Italy as well, see Halloween in Italy.
Immaculate Conception, December 8
Christmas Eve and Christmas Day are usually spent with family and big meals are prepared. Most churches hold a midnight mass on Christmas Eve and the traditional nativity scene is often unveiled or completed then. Nativity pageants are often performed during the period from December 24-26. On Christmas Day nearly everything will be closed, including many restaurants, so if you're looking for a restaurant it's advisable to book ahead.
St Stephan's Day, December 26
December 26, the day following Christmas, is a public holiday for Santo Stefano with banks and most shops closed although many museums and tourist sites will be open. Nativity pageants are often performed during the period from December 24-26.