If you are planning a trip to the Turks and Caicos Islands, it's prudent to know about how they are affected by the Atlantic hurricane season. Like the neighboring Bahamas to the north, the Turks and Caicos are vulnerable to hurricanes.
In 2018, there were no issues with weather on the islands. However, in 2017, the Atlantic hurricane season was more active than normal when in September the Turks and Caicos Islands were ravaged by back-to-back Hurricanes Irma and Maria, which were category 5—the most intense level. Luckily, the islands made a speedy recovery.
Other major hurricanes that have impacted the Turks and Caicos Islands in recent years include in 2015 when the Category 4 Hurricane Joaquin washed out roads and damaged homes on the islands. In 2014, Hurricane Bertha made landfall on Middle Caicos Island as a tropical storm with wind speeds around 45 mph, bringing heavy rainfall but causing no major damage. The islands also experienced the Category 1 Hurricane Irene in 2011 and the Category 4 Hurricane Ike in 2008.
Hurricane Season Dates
The Atlantic hurricane season runs from June 1 to Nov. 30, with the peak period from early August through the end of October. The Atlantic basin includes the entire Atlantic Ocean, the Caribbean Sea, and the Gulf of Mexico.
A Typical Hurricane Season
Based on historical weather records dating back to 1950, the Atlantic region typically experiences 12 tropical storms with sustained winds of 39 mph, of which six turned into hurricanes with winds reaching 74 mph or greater, and three major hurricanes Category 3 or higher with sustained winds of at least 111 mph. It's important to note that most of these hurricanes do not make landfall on the Turks and Caicos.
On average, a hurricane hits the Turks and Caicos every seven years and passes in the vicinity of the island every two years. Statistically speaking, the chances of a hurricane or tropical storm hitting the Turks and Caicos during your visit are very slim. Still, there are choices you can make to lower the risk of a hurricane disrupting your vacation.
Note that three out of four hurricanes and tropical storms occur between August and October, with storm activity peaking in early to mid-September, so plan your travels accordingly, if possible. It is very rainy in the fall, with frequent strong thunderstorms on the west coast that are accompanied by tropical waves and low pressure.
Should your trip land during hurricane season, and especially during the peak August-to-October period, you should strongly consider buying travel insurance in case your timing is unlucky. Download the hurricane app from the American Red Cross for storm updates and a slew of helpful features.
Recap of Hurricane Season 2017
The 2017 Atlantic hurricane season was a ruthlessly deadly and extremely destructive season that ranked among most ferocious since records began in 1851. Worse yet, the season was relentless, with all 10 hurricanes occurring consecutively.
Most forecasters missed the mark, either slightly or significantly underestimating both the number and fury of the storms. Early in the year, forecasters anticipated that an El Niño, the warming in the temperatures of the ocean's surface, would lower storm activity. However, the predicted El Niño failed to develop and instead, cool-neutral conditions developed to create a La Niña (below average temperatures of the sea surface) for the second year in a row. Some forecasters adjusted their predictions in light of the developments, but none fully comprehended how the season would unfold.
Keep in mind that a typical year brings 12 named storms, six hurricanes, and three major hurricanes. The year 2017 season was significantly above-average, producing a total of 17 named storms, 10 hurricanes, and six major hurricanes. Here is how forecasters fared with their predictions for the 2017 season.
- NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) slightly underestimated the season, having predicted an "above-normal" season with 11 to 17 named storms, and five to nine hurricanes, including two to four major hurricanes.
- Global Weather Oscillations Inc. (GWO) also predicted above-average activity with 16 named storms, eight hurricanes, and four major hurricanes.
- Tropical Storm Risk from the University College London underestimated the ferocity of the season by predicting 14 named storms, six hurricanes, and three major hurricanes.
- The Weather Channel also predicted a normal season, with 12 named storms, six hurricanes, and two major hurricanes.
- North Carolina State University's Department of Marine, Earth and Atmospheric Sciences also missed the mark by predicting a normal hurricane season with 11 to 15 named storms, four to six hurricanes, and one to three major hurricanes.
- Accuweather was way off, having predicted a slightly less active-than-normal season, with 10 named storms, five hurricanes, and three major hurricanes.
- Colorado State University also predicted a slightly less active year than usual, with 11 named storms, four hurricanes, and two major hurricanes.