If you’ve recently arrived in Minnesota, are hoping to take up permanent residence after your visit, or have worked within the state, you should be aware of the state tax laws and requirements for the state. Minnesota requires individuals who have worked or lived in Minnesota to file a state tax return, using the M1 Individual Income Tax Form.
You should keep in mind, though, that some situations require special tax forms and filings, so you should consult a qualified tax professional in Minnesota for more precise advice related to taxes in the state. The Minnesota Department of Revenue also has more tax information for individuals, businesses, and tax preparers on their website.
Filing Your Minnesota Tax Return
The State of Minnesota accepts e-filed tax returns and recommends that you file electronically. Electronically filed returns must be submitted using tax filing software. The Minnesota Department of Revenue maintains a list of tax software, some of which can be used completely online, while some are software packages that can be installed on your computer.
Another option for filing your tax forms is to print them out from the Department of Revenue website, complete them, then mail them to the state office. Alternatively, you can have a professional tax preparer complete and file your taxes for you.
Keep in mind that in any of these situations, additional fees may apply to file Federal and State taxes. Here's the link to the M1 Individual Income Tax form that you need to complete, and any other forms you may need.
Getting Help Preparing Tax Returns
Tax professionals are usually the best source for help with a Federal or State tax return, but many people don’t know how to find the right tax professional for their unique tax situations; you can search for your closest free tax preparation site at the Minnesota Department of Revenue or search for tax preparation services in other languages.
If you are filing electronically, the filing will cost whatever your tax preparation software charges you. On paper tax returns, though, there is no charge to file your returns—except for the cost of mailing in the return itself. Additionally, if your income is below certain limits, if you are disabled, or if you speak limited or English, you may qualify for free tax preparation assistance.
Depending on your age and income, you may be able to file your electronic Federal and Minnesota State tax returns for free. The Minnesota Department of Revenue maintains a list of tax preparation software which enables free filing if you meet the conditions. If you qualify, you need to access the software via the link on the Minnesota Department of Revenue's website to be able to file for free.
Property Tax Refunds and Refund Schedule for Minnesota
Renters in Minnesota may qualify for a refund of a percentage of the property tax that their landlord paid on the building that they live in. If you are a qualifying renter, it can be a sizable refund and you will need to mail in a Certificate of Rent Paid (CRP) paper form that your landlord should have given you, together with a copy of M1PR, Property Tax Refund form. Here's more information on filing for Minnesota property tax refunds, including forms, filing dates, and when to expect your refund.
If you file electronically, you may receive your refund within a few weeks, or as long as 60 days after you file while paper forms typically take a few weeks longer than an e-file return due to the longer processing time required.
To find out the status of your Minnesota state tax refund, use the Minnesota Department of Revenue's Where's My Refund page—you'll need your social security number and the dollar amount of the refund you are inquiring about.
Filing for an Extension on a Minnesota State Tax Return
If you can't complete and file your taxes by the deadline, usually April 15, you can get a six-month extension, and you don't even need to file a form to request an extension (although you may need to file a form to request an extension for Federal taxes).
If you anticipate owing taxes, you must pay at least 90% of the amount due by the filing deadline, or you will be assessed penalties and interest.Here's more information about paying estimated taxes and dates for filing late.