The weather in Germany has four distinct seasons, though it can be unpredictable. The country features a temperate and marine climate in a cool or temperate climatic zone with humid westerly winds. In general, summers are warm, winters are cold, and the shoulder seasons of spring and fall often have the best weather.
Here is an overview of the weather in Germany throughout the year broken down by region and season. Find out how to prepare for the weather in Germany and if you should pack an umbrella (Regenschirm) or a bathing suit (Badeanzug) - or both.
Weather in Popular Cities in Germany
Northerly Berlin's weather features four distinct seasons with fairly consistent rainfall year-round. Snow is infrequent depending on the year, and summers can be humid and sweaty, That said, there is plenty to do and see no matter the weather with unending nightlife and world-class museums. Spring brings the glory of the cherry blossoms and many festivals which continue into the heat of the summer with Karneval der Kulturen. Fall's changing leaves lead into winter events like Christmas markets, Fashion Week and Berlinale.
Nestled into the foot of the Alps in the south of the country, each of Munich's four seasons has something to offer visitors. The entire region of Bavaria has a continental climate with cold, moderately snowy winters and mild to warm summers. Late winter sports pair with the strong beer festival and the openings of biergartens - fitting for the traditional beer capitol! The summer months bring people out to the parks (with or without clothes). Fall is dominated by two weeks of a frequently rainy Oktoberfest, but that doesn't dampen any festival-goers spirits. The month of December usually turns quite chilly, with people warmed by the jolliness of the holidays and a gluehwein or two.
Frankfurt in southwestern Germany has a continental climate with cold - rarely freezing - winters and warm summers. Frankfurt is actually the warmest large city in Germany. However, as the business capital of the country, visitors rarely plan their visit according to the weather and may just pass through the airport, the busiest in the country.
Hamburg on the blustery northern coast of the country has an oceanic climate. Its location on the water means the year-round wind and rain can be bracing, with a mild shoulder season and slightly warmer summer. Be prepared for the unpredictable as Hamburg's weather can change from storms to sun and back several times a day.
Temperatures slowly rise from the mid 40 to high 60° F degrees and the cherry blossoms and longer days seem to brighten everyone's attitude. These pink flowers are most notable in the cities of Bonn and Berlin, though they can be enjoyed around the country. Also welcoming the spring are a spate of spring festivals. One of the largest Spring Festivals is in Stuttgart, but almost every city has a festival with rides, bier, and live music.
What to Pack: Spring may arrive hesitantly so be prepared for late flurries of snow through March with slip-proof boots, a scarf, hat, gloves, and a warm jacket. However, the weather may also surprise you with some warm days so wear layers so you can strip down to a t-shirt and long pants and maybe even some sunglasses if the weather is agreeable.
Germans eagerly look forward to summer with its many vacations (and business closures), non-stop festivals, and warm weather. A few days in summer may top 100° F, but most days hover mid-70° F with a high chance of passing precipitation and even thunderstorms. It is usually warmest in the south of Germany. The Palatinate wine region in the southwest is even blessed with a Mediterranean climate so exotic fruits like figs, lemons, and kiwis grow. Plan to party at Berlin's Karneval der Kulturen parade and festival, feel the pride at the country's CSD events, and enjoy the beloved summer activities of swim and chill.
What to Pack: Even though reported summer temperatures appear mild, it can feel much hotter as few places offer air conditioning. Pack your favorite summer shorts or skirt and shirt, a fan and a sunhat to keep cool, and good sandals or shoes to walk in. Take your swimsuit to enjoy the best of Germany's swimming pools and beach bars (or skip the suit like a local). Note that the weather can still turn quickly so it is is best to carry a light-weight sweater or jacket and an umbrella.
Warm weather usually continues into September, although the days begin to shorten and by October there is a chill in the air as temperatures hit 50° F. Colorful fall foliage is a sight to behold, but by November it can be positively cold and an early snow might sneak in before it is officially winter. None of this matter for the biggest event of the year, Oktoberfest. The biggest folk festival in Germany begins in late September to October - rain or shine.
What to Pack: The cooler days mean you need to transition back to long pants and sleeves, and maybe add on a scarf and jacket. Bring shoes that can handle a long walk and a rainy day.
Temperatures in Germany can drop very low in winter, although most days stay between 25 - 40 ° F. These chilly temps and snowfall in places like the Alps are great for winter sports from skiing to ice skating. However, some years yield little to no snow. People find warmth in the many Christmas markets and beloved Christmas traditions.
What to Pack: Proper winter wear is required from heavy jackets, hats, scarves, and gloves, to long johns or tights beneath pants. Be aware of icy conditions with slip-proof boots.