United States Hawaii Hawaii Hawaii, the Big Island - Hawaii's Island of Adventure Major Events, Climate Trends and Fun Facts Written by John Fischer Facebook Twitter John Fischer is a freelance travel writer and photographer who specializes in Hawaii and the South Pacific. Tripsavvy's Editorial Guidelines John Fischer Updated 06/26/19 Share Pin Email Steven Greaves / Getty Images Size of the Big Island: Hawaii Island, the Big Island is the largest of the Hawaiian Islands with a landmass of over 4,000 square miles - twice the combined size of the other islands. It is 92 miles long and 76 miles wide. Significantly, the island is still growing as long as lava continues to pour out of Kīlauea, the world's most active volcano. Recent eruptions that started in May of 2018 and lasted about three months covered close to 14 square miles in lava and claimed over 700 homes. Big Island Population: As of the 2010 U.S. Census: 200,983 (est) Big Island Nickname Officially known as Hawaii Island, most people call it the "Big Island." It is also known as "Hawaii's Island of Adventure." Biggest Towns on Hawaii Island: Hilo Kailua-Kona Hawaiian Paradise Park Big Island Airports Kona International Airport at Keahole is about 7 miles northwest of Kailua-Kona. The airport handles domestic overseas, international, interisland, commuter/air taxi, and general aviation activities. Hilo International Airport is about 2 miles east of Hilo. Upolu Airport is a general aviation airport at the northern tip of the island of Hawaii, 3 miles from the town of Hawi. Waimea-Kohala Airport is a small passenger and general aviation facility located 1 mile south of the town of Kamuela. Major Industries of the Big Island: Kona Coffee Astronomy Tourism Ranching Diversified Agriculture - flowers, fruits, vegetables and other crops including cocoa and macadamia nuts Aquaculture Climate of the Big Island: Average temperatures range from 71°F-77°F with cooler climates of 57°F-63°F at the 4,000-foot Hawaii Volcanoes National Park headquarters, and 62°F-66°F at 2,760-foot Waimea. Temperatures at the summit of Mauna Kea can go below freezing and snowfall occurs most winters. Rainfall is variable depending on area of the island. The most rain falls on the eastern side of the island, especially near the town of Hilo. Geography of the Big Island: Miles of Shoreline - 266 linear miles. Number of Beaches - The Big Island has over 100 beaches, many of which have public facilities. Sands may be black, green or white. Parks - There are 14 state parks, 137 county parks, one national park (Hawaii Volcanoes National Park), two national historical parks, and one national historic site. Highest Peaks - The dormant volcano Mauna Kea (13,796 feet) and active volcano Mauna Loa (13,677 feet) are the highest mountains in the Pacific. Big Island Visitors and Lodging: Number of Visitors Annually - Approximately 1.5 million people visit the Big Island each year. Of these 1.15 million are from the USA. The next largest number is from Japan. Principal Resort Areas - The Kohala Coast is on the island's dry and sunny west side. Other hotels are located in Hilo and near Kailua-Kona. Number of Hotels - Approximately 31, with 6,513 rooms. Number of Vacation Condominiums - Approximately 38, with 1,147 units. Number of Bed And Breakfast Inns - 90 with 448 rooms. Book Your Stay - Book your stay on Hawaii Island with TripAdvisor. Popular Attractions on the Big Island: Most Popular Visitor Attractions - The attractions and places consistently drawing the most visitors are Hawaii Volcanoes National Park (2.6 million visitors), Pu'uhonua o Honaunau National Historical Park (800,000 visitors), Pana'ewa Rainforest Zoo (161,000 visitors) and the Volcano Art Center (104,000 visitors). Big Island Recreational Activities: On the Big Island of Hawaii you'll find deep sea fishing, golfing, hiking, horseback riding, ocean kayaking, sailing, scuba diving, shopping, sightseeing, snorkeling, stargazing, tennis, and agricultural tourism including Kona Coffee tours, botanical garden tours and family-run farm tours...and that's just he start. Major Annual Events on the Big Island: Here is just a sample of the annual events on Hawaii's Big Island Mitsubishi Electric Championship at Hualalai (Jan) Heiva I Tahitian Dance Festival (Feb) Big Island Chocolate Festival (April) Merrie Monarch Festival (April) Made in Hawaii Film Festival (June) Parker Ranch 4th of July Rodeo (July) Hawaii Billfish Tournament (July) Queen Liliʻuokalani Canoe Races (Aug-Sept) 30 Days of Aloha (Sept) Taste of the Hawaiian Range (Sept) Ironman Triathlon (Oct) Hawaii Island Festival of Birds (Oct) Kona Coffee Cultural Festival (Nov) Kona Coffee Festival (Nov) Jingle Bell Beach Run (Dec) Interesting Facts About the Big Island: Hawaii's Big Island is a worldwide leader in harvesting macadamia nuts and orchids and is the only place in the United States where vanilla is grown. Hawaii's Big Island is Hawaii's most ecologically diverse with natural environments ranging from the desert plains of Kaʻu to the rain forests above Hilo, to snowcapped Mauna Kea. There are said to be 13 climactic regions on earth and the Big Island has all but two, the Arctic and the Saharan. Hawaii's Big Island is known as the Golf Capital of Hawaii with 20 golf courses and several more scheduled for completion. Ka Lae is the southernmost point in the United States. Kīlauea is the world's most active volcano and has been continually erupting since 1983. The Merrie Monarch Hula Festival, held annually in Hilo, is the largest gathering of hula in the world. Miloliʻi, on the southern Kona Coast, is Hawaii's last authentic native fishing village. Parker Ranch is one of the largest privately held ranches in the United States. You can see 90% of all the stars visible from earth from Mauna Kea, the world's tallest mountain when measured from its base below sea level. Thirteen world-class telescopes, representing nine countries and 30 years of astronomy research are found here. More About Hawaii, the Big Island Overview of Hilo on Hawaii's Big Island Overview of Kailua-Kona on Hawaii's Big Island Overview of Waimea / Kamuela on Hawaii's Big Island Was this page helpful? Thanks for letting us know! Share Pin Email Tell us why! Submit The Best Time to Visit the Big Island of Hawaii Learn About Hawaii's Island Names, Nicknames and Geography Your Trip to Hawaii Island: The Complete Guide Things to Do in Hilo on Hawaii's Big Island 15 Must-See Attractions on Hawaii Island How to Get from Seattle to Hawaii 10 Family-Friendly Activities on Hawaii’s Big Island How to Spend Three Days on Hawaii Island Free Activities on Hawaii's Big Island The Best Places to Stay on Hawaii Island A Short Guide to Waimea on Hawaii's Big Island 8 National Parks to Visit in Hawaii A Guide to the Weather and Climate of Hawaii Island Volcanoes of the Big Island of Hawaii A Guide to Great, Gay-Friendly Resorts & Hotels on Hawaii's Big Island What's That Big Hawaiian Island Really Called?