Weather in Canada

An overview of weather conditions in Canada

Canadian Roadtrip
••• Darren White Photography / Getty Images

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Weather in Canada varies widely depending on where you are. After all, Canada is a huge country, stretching from the Pacific Ocean to the Atlantic Ocean and covering five time zones. Canada's most southern tip lines up with northern California and the northern-most regions stretch beyond the Arctic Circle.

Generally, Canada's most populated regions are the regions not too far north of the U.S. / Canada border and include Halifax, Montreal, Toronto, Calgary and Vancouver. These cities all have four distinct seasons, though they are vastly different and some more distinct than others. Temperatures and climate from British Columbia's interior, east to Newfoundland are comparable but do vary depending on latitude and mountainous topography.

The coldest places in Canada are mostly in the north in the Yukon, Northwest Territories and Nunavut, where temperatures regularly dip to minus 30 ℃ and colder. The...MORE populations of these northern locales are relatively small; however, Winnipeg, in southern Manitoba, is the world's coldest city with a population of at least 600,000. 

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    You'll get a good idea of how different the weather is across Canada by looking at these average low and high temperatures in major Canadian cities.

    Canadian temperatures are measured using the metric Celsius scale, where 0 is freezing. 

    Not sure how to convert from Celsius to Fahrenheit? Read Converting a Celsius temperature to Fahrenheit.

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    Canada has four distinct seasons: winter, spring, summer and fall. The climate and intensity of these seasons vary across the country, so one season in Vancouver is not the same as in Montreal or Halifax.

    For example, winter in Vancouver rarely sees snow stay on the ground, but is cool and rainy. Cities in Toronto and east of there will generally get inches or even feet of snowfall from December to March.

    In addition, Vancouver summers are warm but not as hot and humid as its eastern counterparts.  

    Be sure to get regional weather information to pack appropriately.

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    Ottawa Tulip Festival
    ••• Ottawa Tulip Festival. Dennis McColeman / Getty Images

    Canada hosts a wide array of festivals and events throughout the year. From the big and popular to the small and quaint, Canadians are always celebrating something no matter when you visit. Outdoor festivals, even in winter, glorify Canada's natural surroundings and changing temperatures. 

    Our Canada weather and event calendars give an overview by city and by month of weather conditions, packing tips, average temperatures and listings of major events across the country. Also find out the advantages and disadvantages of travelling during a specific month.

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    Weather in Major Canadian Cities

    Toronto with ice in the harbor
    ••• Toronto with ice in the harbor. Peter Bowers / Getty Images

    Aside from just what the thermometer reads, weather conditions are important to understand before arriving in Canada. From slippery driving conditions in winter to how many hours of sunlight to expect, learn about what weather to expect in major Canadian cities.