Queens is both a New York State county on Long Island (along with Nassau and Suffolk Counties to the east and Brooklyn, or Kings County, to the south and west) and a borough of New York City (the others are Brooklyn, the Bronx, Staten Island, and Manhattan).
Although New York City includes these five boroughs, when New Yorkers say "the City," they are referring to Manhattan. Queens is the largest New York City borough (109 square miles or about 35% of NYC's total land area), and is the second largest borough after Brooklyn in population.
More than 2 million people call Queens home. It's projected that by 2025 Queens will be the most populous borough.
The people of Queens count the rest of the United States and the world as their homelands. Immigrants have been settling in Queens for more than a hundred years, and they give no sign of letting up. Today more languages are spoken in these 109 square miles than anywhere else on the planet. English is spoken at home by the vast majority, followed by Spanish. Rounding out the top ten most common languages are Chinese, Korean, Italian, Greek, Russian, Tagalog, French, and French Creole (according to the US Census 2000, SF3, PCT10).
The US Postal Service divides Queens into five areas: Long Island City (west), Flushing (north central), Jamaica (south central), Far Rockaway (south), and Floral Park (east). Each of these areas contains many neighborhoods. For example, the neighborhood of Briarwood is in the Jamaica postal area; you can put either Briarwood or Jamaica as the city when sending mail, and it will reach the same destination.
Residents refer to their neighborhood names when describing where they live.
Queens is bordered by Brooklyn to the west and south, and Nassau County to the east. It reaches the shores of the Atlantic Ocean to the south (the six-and-a-half-mile Rockaway Beach), the Long Island Sound to the north, and the East River to the west.
Manhattan lies just west of the East River, and is connected to Queens by the Queensboro Bridge, the Midtown Tunnel, the Long Island Railroad (LIRR), and several subway lines. LaGuardia Airport is on the Long Island Sound, and JFK International Airport is toward the southern shore, on Jamaica Bay.
Queens is not set up in a convenient grid, as much of Manhattan is, but in general, the blocks adhere to the following pattern:
- Streets run north-south, and the numbers get higher the further east you go.
- Avenues run east-west, and the numbers get higher the further south you go.
- Avenues are often paired with roads and drives. So you may find 85th Avenue, 85th Drive, and 85th Road all next to one another.
- Queens addresses are a string of numbers that refer to location -- "110-10 10th St." "110" refers to a cross street/avenue, in this case, 110th Avenue. "10" refers to the house number.
Neighborhoods are the centers of Queens. No one is from "Queens," rather from a particular neighborhood. Here's a list of neighborhoods and landmarks in the borough:
Long Island City and Western Queens
- Long Island City
- Maspeth, Middle Village, Glendale, Ridgewood, Jackson Heights, LaGuardia Airport, Elmhurst, East Elmhurst, Corona, Woodside, LeFrak City
Flushing and Northern Queens
- Flushing, Kissena Park, Murray Hill, Flushing-Broadway, College Point, Whitestone, Beechhurst, Malba, the Whitestone Bridge, Willets Point, Flushing Meadows Park, the Unisphere, Citi Field, Queens College, Kew Gardens Hills, Queensboro Hill, Elechester, Pomonok, Hillcrest
South Central Queens
- Richmond Hill, Woodhaven, Forest Park, Howard Beach, Hamilton Beach, Lindenwood, Ozone Park, Tudor Park, South Ozone Park, the Jamaica Bay Wildlife Refuge
- Briarwood, Jamaica Estates, Jamaica Hills, Hollis Hills, Holliswood, Fresh Meadows, St. John's University
Jamaica and Southeast Queens
- Jamaica, South Jamaica, York College, Hollis, St. Albans, Rosedale, Laurelton, Springfield Gardens, Brookville, Cambria Heights, Rochdale Village, JFK Airport
- Bayside, Bay Terrace, Douglas Manor, Douglaston, Oakland Gardens, Alley Pond Park, Little Neck, Auburndale, and the Throgs Neck Bridge
The Rockaways (Way South Queens)
- Broad Channel, Breezy Point, Far Rockaway, Arverne, Fort Tilden, Somerville, Edgemere, Bayswater, Rockaway Park, Belle Harbor, Neponsit, Roxbury
The major east-west expressways/parkways are the Long Island Expressway (LIE or 495), the Grand Central Parkway (GCP), and the Belt Parkway.
- The LIE goes from the eastern end of Long Island to the Queens Midtown Tunnel (to midtown Manhattan).
- The GCP (a.k.a. the Northern State Parkway) goes from the eastern end of Long Island to the Triborough Bridge (to the Bronx or East Harlem in Manhattan). The GCP is faster because trucks are not allowed.
- The Belt Parkway runs from the Verrazano Narrows Bridge (to Staten Island) in Brooklyn, past JFK in Queens, and out to eastern Long Island (its name changes to the Southern State Parkway in Nassau County).
- The narrow lanes of the Jackie Robinson Parkway (formerly known as the Interboro Parkway) run from Kew Gardens/Forest Hills to Ridgewood/Brooklyn.
- The Brooklyn-Queens Expressway (BQE or 278) goes east (north) through Astoria to the Triborough Bridge, and west (south) to the Williamsburg Bridge in Brooklyn (to the Lower East Side in Manhattan).
- The always crowded Van Wyck Expressway / Whitestone Expressway (678) goes from JFK Airport to the Whitestone Bridge (to the Bronx).
- The Cross-Island Parkway goes from the Throgs Neck Bridge to JFK airport, where it meets the Belt Parkway that heads west to Brooklyn, and the Southern State that goes east to the suburbs of Long Island.
- The wonderfully traffic-free Clearview Expressway (295) goes from the Throgs Neck Bridge to Hillside Avenue in central Queens. Watch out for police ticketing speeders.
- Queens Blvd. (25) goes east from the Queensboro Bridge and Queens Plaza to Jamaica.
- Northern Blvd. (25A) goes east from Long Island City way out to the eastern end of Long Island.
- Woodhaven Boulevard goes south from central Queens (Rego Park) to the Crossbay Blvd. (to the Rockaways).
- Jamaica Bouevard traverses the center of Queens, from Brooklyn to Nassau County. It's renamed Jerhico Turnpike, east of the Cross Island Parkway. In Brooklyn, Jamaica Boulevard becomes E. New York Avenue.