While the crowds are still thick in October in Florence, Italy, temperatures cool down and days are much more pleasant compared to the heat of summer. Plus, there are still plenty of unique cultural celebrations and international festivals to attend in Florence this month including Santa Reparata and Fiera di San Luca. Whether you're looking to explore the city or you're hoping to take in a bit of local culture, October is a great time to plan a trip to Florence.
Florence Weather in October
Temperatures fall over the course of October, starting with daily averages of 66 degrees Fahrenheit (19 degrees Celsius) and falling to an average of 57 F (14 C) by the end of the month. Fortunately, days are typically sunny and warm, with about seven hours of sunlight per day and temperatures remaining in the low 70s and high 60s for most of October.
- Average high: 70 degrees Fahrenheit (21 degrees Celsius)
- Average low: 53 degrees Fahrenheit (12 degrees Celsius)
Florence sees an average of 13 rainy days in October, accumulating around 2.5 inches (66 mm) of rainfall over the month. Winds remain relatively calm throughout the month, with wind speeds rarely reaching above 8 miles per hour.
What to Pack
Since temperatures tend to drop overnight—and throughout the month—it's best to bring various clothing articles that you can easily layer. Short and long-sleeved shirts, pants, and comfortable shoes are necessary, but you may also want to bring a sweater, light jacket, and a raincoat to better prepare for the weather in October.
October Events in Florence
While there are few blockbuster events on the October cultural calendar, there is an interesting mix of traditional festivals, contemporary art, and classical music. From exploring exhibits at a number of local institutions during First Sunday at the Museum to celebrating Halloween in the city, there are plenty of things to do in Florence in October.
- Sunday at the Museum: On the first Sunday of the month, state-run museums in Florence—including the Uffizi, the Galleria dell'Accademia, the Palazzo Pitti and Giardino di Boboli, the Bargello, the Medici Chapels, the archaeological museum, and several more—are free to everyone.
- Feast of Santa Reparata: Named after a third-century martyr who's the co-patron saint of Florence, Santa Reparata takes place on October 8 each year and features family-style feasts across the city and a medieval procession from Piazza di Parte Guelfa to Santa Reperata's crypt in the Duomo of Florence.
- Mostra Mercato Internazionale dell'Antiquariato: Also known as the Great Exhibition of Italian Art, this prestigious biennial fair takes place in late September or early October at Palazzo Corsini on odd-numbered years. The week-long event features antiques from around the world as well as a number of musical performances and galas.
- Fiera di San Luca: Held about 20 minutes from Florence in Impruneta each October, this weeklong event is one of the oldest agricultural fairs in Europe and includes a livestock show and sale, agricultural demonstrations, traditional food samples, music performances, and terracotta artisans.
- Amici della Musica: Starting in October, a full season of classical music concerts comes to Florence each year featuring musical artists from around the world performing almost every day of the month.
- Florence Biennale: This biennial event—which takes place on odd-numbered years—brings together contemporary artists in visual arts, film, music, and performance for 10 days of exhibitions and events at venues across the city.
- Festival delle Mongolfieri: This hot air balloon sees scores of the colorful, silent balloons soaring over the Florence cityscape. For a price, visitors can even take to the skies in a balloon. The event is held over two weekends in mid- to late October.
- Halloween: Although Halloween is not really an Italian holiday, it's becoming quite popular in Florence, especially amongst young adults. You'll find Halloween costume parties in many of Florence's nightclubs, and there are even a few street festivals in neighborhoods across the city.
October Travel Tips
- Flights and accommodations are typically cheaper toward the end of the month—including over Halloween weekend—as it's the start of the low season for tourism in Florence.
- Rome and Venice are both easily accessible from Florence by plane, train, or bus. If you have more time in Italy during your trip, consider adding these cities to your itinerary for even more unique events and great weather.
- While temperatures drop over the course of the month, October can still be fairly warm in Florence. When booking a hotel earlier in October, make sure your room has air conditioning if you need it to be cool in your room to sleep.