The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) has been looking for several years for a new location in the Washington DC area to house its headquarters. As of early 2016, three potential sites have been chosen and are under review:
- Greenbelt, MD – near the intersection of Interstates 95/495 and the Greenbelt Metro Station
- Landover, MD - former Landover Mall site, near the intersection of Interstates 95/495 and MD 202
- Springfield, VA – site of the GSA Franconia Warehouse Complex, near the intersection of Interstate 95 and Franconia Road
Why Relocate the FBI Headquarters?
The FBI headquarters has been at its current location at the J. Edgar Hoover Building on Pennsylvania Avenue in the heart of Washington DC since 1974. The new consolidated facility will bring together the more than 10,000 staff that is currently working at multiple locations across the capital region. The FBI’s mission has expanded over the past decade and the office space at the current building is inadequate to accommodate the agency’s growing needs.
Since 2001, the FBI’s Counterterrorism Division has grown significantly. The creation of the National Security Branch, Directorate of Intelligence, Cyber Division, and Weapons of Mass Destruction Directorate have added to the agency’s administrative needs. The Hoover Building is outdated and needs millions of dollars in repairs and upgrades to function adequately. The FBI has evaluated its needs and determined that the divisions that coordinate with others in the DC law enforcement and intelligence communities would be best served to consolidate their offices.
Current FBI Headquarters Location: J. Edgar Hoover Building, 935 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Washington, DC (202) 324-3000. The closest Metro subway stops are Federal Triangle, Gallery Place/Chinatown, Metro Center and Archives/Navy Memorial.
FBI Tours, Education Center and Public Access
For security reasons, the FBI terminated its Washington DC headquarters tour following the events of September 11, 2001. In 2008, the organization opened the FBI Education Center to give visitors an inside look into the FBI’s vital role in protecting the United States. Tour requests must be made 3 to 4 weeks in advance through Congressional offices. The Education Center is open by appointment Monday through Thursday.
History of the FBI Headquarters Building
From 1908 until 1975, the main offices of the FBI were housed in the Department of Justice Building. Congress approved a separate FBI Building in April 1962. The General Services Administration (GSA), which handles public building construction, allocated $12,265,000 for architectural and engineering design. At that time, the total estimated cost was $60 million. Design and construction approvals were delayed for many reasons and the building was eventually completed in two phases. The first FBI employees moved into the building on June 28, 1974.
At that time, FBI Headquarters offices were housed in nine separate locations. The building was given the name, the J. Edgar Hoover FBI Building after Director Hoover’s death in 1972. It has been known as one of the ugliest buildings in the nation’s capital.
What is the Mission of the FBI?
The FBI is a national security and a law enforcement agency. The organization enforces the criminal laws of the United States, protects and defends the United States against terrorist and foreign intelligence threats and provides criminal justice services and leadership to federal, state, municipal, and international agencies and partners. The FBI employs nearly 35,000 people, including special agents and support personnel. The offices and divisions at FBI Headquarters provide direction and support to 56 field offices in big cities, approximately 360 smaller offices, and more than 60 liaison offices around the world.
For more information about the FBI Headquarters Consolidation, visit www.gsa.gov/fbihqconsolidation