Vietnam's festivals follow the Chinese lunar calendar—this Southeast Asian country’s culture and festivals are strongly influenced by Vietnam's past as a Chinese vassal state. Thus many of the festivals in the list below are moveable relative to the Gregorian calendar; while the dates relative to the lunar calendar do not change, the dates relative to the Gregorian calendar do.
Some of these festivals are celebrated nationwide but as some provinces have their own series of festivals unique to the locals, there are more notable local ones as well.
Monthly: Hoi An Full Moon Festival
Every 14th day of the lunar month, Hoi An’s old town bans all motorized traffic and transforms itself into a massive performance venue for Vietnamese arts contemporary to the old trading town’s heyday in the 18th to 19th century—Chinese opera, Chinese chess, and of course, the region’s famous food.
Shops put up brightly-colored lanterns, turning the narrow old streets (even the old Japanese bridge) into a radiant, festively illuminated light spectacle, augmented by the haunting strains of traditional music audible from just about everywhere in the old town.
Just for the night, you won’t be required to buy or show a ticket to enter Hoi An’s old attractions. The temples are at their busiest during the Full Moon Festival, as the locals honor their ancestors during this auspicious time of the month.
Biennial: Hue Festival
A biennial (once every two years) festival celebrated in the former imperial capital of Hue, the Hue Festival condenses the best of Hue’s culture into a single week-long festival.
Theater, puppetry, dance, music, and acrobatics are performed in different places around the city, although most of the activities are conducted around the grounds of the Hue Citadel.
February: Lim Festival
On the 13th day of the first lunar month, visitors come to Lim Hill in Bac Ninh province to watch performances of quan ho, which are traditional songs performed by both men and women from boats and from the Lim Pagoda. The songs cover numerous topics, such as greetings, exchanging love sentiments, and even trivial objects including village gates. Bac Ninh is only 20 minutes' drive from Hanoi and worth a side trip after exploring the capital's must-see sights.
The Lim Festival takes place on the 13th day of the first lunar month of the Chinese lunar calendar. Relative to the Gregorian calendar, the festival occurs on these dates:
- 2019: February 17
- 2020: February 6
- 2021: February 15
February/March: Perfume Pagoda Festival
The Perfume Pagoda Festival is Vietnam's most famous Buddhist pilgrimage site, welcoming hundreds of thousands of pilgrims who arrive at the sacred cave to pray for a happy and prosperous year ahead.
This stream of pilgrims reaches its peak at the Perfume Pagoda Festival—devotees travel through a picturesque gauntlet to the sacred caves, first boarding boats that pass a landscape of rice paddies and limestone mountains, then going by foot past historical shrines and up hundreds of stone steps.
The Perfume Pagoda Festival takes place on the 15th day of the first month of the Chinese lunar calendar. Relative to the Gregorian calendar, the festival occurs on these dates:
- 2019: February 19
- 2020: February 8
- 2021: February 17
March/April: Phu Giay Festival
At Phu Giay Temple in Nam Dinh province, tribute is paid to Lieu Hanh, one of the Vietnamese "four immortal gods," and the only one based on a real person (a princess of the 16th century who died young). Many devotees from all over make a pilgrimage to Phu Giay Temple, located about 55 miles east from Hanoi, to join the festival, taking advantage of the traditional lull in work during the third lunar month. Traditional diversions such as cock-fighting, keo chu, and folk singing are held all throughout the festival.
The Phu Giay Festival takes place on the third to the eighth day of the third month of the Chinese lunar calendar. Relative to the Gregorian calendar, the festival occurs on these dates:
- 2019: April 7–12
- 2020: March 26–March 31
- 2021: April 14–April 19
Tet is Vietnam's equivalent to the Chinese New Year and is just as auspicious. The Vietnamese consider Tet to be the year's most important festival. Family members gather in their hometowns, traveling from across the country (or the world) to spend the Tet holidays in each other's company. On the stroke of midnight, as the old year turns into the new, Vietnamese usher out the old year and welcome the Kitchen God by beating drums, lighting firecrackers, and goading dogs to bark (a lucky omen).
The Tet Festival takes place on the first day of the first month of the Chinese lunar calendar. Relative to the Gregorian calendar, Tet occurs on these dates:
- 2019: February 5
- 2020: January 25
- 2021: February 12
March/April: Thay Pagoda Festival
If any Buddhist monk deserved worship, it was Tu Dao Hanh, who was an innovator and inventor. He made numerous advances in medicine and religion but is mainly remembered for inventing Vietnamese water puppetry.
The Thay Pagoda Festival celebrates Tu Dao Hanh's life with a procession of the monk's worshipping tablet, borne by representatives from four villages. The festival is celebrated by laymen with many water puppetry performances, particularly at the Thuy Dinh House in front of Tu Dao Hanh's pagoda. The Thay Pagoda is located about 18 miles southwest from Hanoi, or about a 30-minute drive from the capital.
The Thay Pagoda Festival takes place on the fifth to the seventh day of the third month of the Chinese lunar calendar. Relative to the Gregorian calendar, the festival occurs on these dates:
- 2019: April 9–11
- 2020: March 28–30
- 2021: April 16–18
April: Hung Festival
This festival celebrates the legendary birth of Vietnam’s first kings: the Hung Vuong. Details of their origin remain sketchy, but the story has become rather embellished over the years. Born from the union of a mountain princess and a sea dragon, the Hung Vuong came from a hundred sons hatched from a hundred eggs laid by said princess. Half the sons went back to the sea with their father, while the rest stayed behind with their mother and learned to rule.
To remember the valiant sons of this lineage, people gather at the Hung Temple, located near Việt Trì in Phu Tho province, about 50 miles from Hanoi.
Festivalgoers light incense, make offerings, and beat bronze drums at the temple, then join a temple fair, which includes entertainment such as traditional Vietnamese operas and sword dances. This holiday is traditionally celebrated on the tenth day of the third lunar month; as of 2007, the Vietnamese government declared this to be a nationwide holiday. Relative to the Gregorian calendar, the festival occurs on these dates:
- 2019: April 14
- 2020: April 2
- 2021: April 21
September/October: Mid-Autumn Festival
The Mid-Autumn Festival, or Tết Trung Thu, is marked with fanciful lanterns to help a legendary moon-bound figure back to Earth.
The Mid-Autumn Festival is a favorite with children, as the occasion calls for more toys, candies, fruit, and entertainment than any other time of the year. Mid-Autumn parties serve cakes including the banh deo and banh nuong, which are shaped like fish and the moon. Finally, lion dances are commonly performed by traveling troupers who go from house to house to perform for a fee.
The Mid-Autumn Festival takes place on the 15th day of the eighth month of the Chinese lunar calendar. Relative to the Gregorian calendar, the festival occurs on these dates:
- 2019: September 13
- 2020: October 1
- 2021: September 6
April/May: Xen Xo Phon Festival
On the fourth month of the Lunar calendar (between April and May), the White Thai peoples of Mai Chau implore the heavens for rain with songs during the Xen Xo Phon Festival. During selected evenings, groups of White Thai make a circuit among the houses in their respective villages, singing songs in the torchlight and receiving offerings in exchange.
The White Thai, ever dependent on the rain for their rice and vegetable harvests, seek help every year from the heavens to pray for more rain to come—the bigger the festival, the more abundant the rains will come when the weather turns.
Singing during the Xen Xo Phon Festival is a youngster's game: The choirs are mainly composed of the youths of Mai Chau's villages, while the parents and grandparents wait in the houses to give offerings after the songs have been performed.