Planning a trip to Paris? If so, getting familiar with the basics of what the city has to offer can greatly enhance your trip. Paris is the political, cultural, and intellectual capital of France, and is also the single-most visited city in the world. It has drawn waves of immigrants, expatriate artists and intellectuals, and global traders for centuries. It boasts a vibrant economy and local culture, rich political and artistic history, an unusual number of fascinating tourist sites and outstanding architecture. Situated at the crossroads of Europe and in close range of the English channel and other strategic places for military and trade, Paris is a true powerhouse in continental Europe.
Read on for a useful overview of the city before you go, with tips on planning your trip, highlights to focus on, eating out and more. From there, you can explore the in-depth guides and articles in our full travel guide to the French capital.
Planning Your Trip
- Best Time to Visit: While our perspective is that Paris has its charms in every season, most people will find the city at its best during the spring and summer months, roughly between April to October. In April and May, spring blossoms emerge, and outdoor activities such as strolls through parks, day trips and picnics are more pleasant. In the summer, outdoor festivals and free events turn the city into a mid-year resort that's both fun and budget-friendly.
- Language: French is the official language in Paris and the rest of France. While many locals do speak some English, especially in the tourism industry, it's always a good idea to learn a few polite words and expressions in French for your trip.
- Currency: The official currency in Paris and the rest of France is the Euro (see this Universal Currency Converter).
- Getting Around: The easiest way to get around in Paris is by using the underground Metro system. Buses can also be easy to use once you get familiar with which lines go where, and can be ideal for visitors with limited mobility. Some lines even go through areas dense with popular tourist attractions and famous monuments: a budget-friendly way to sightsee on your own. See our complete guide to using public transportation in the French capital for tons of useful tips.
- Travel Tip: If you do choose to visit Paris during peak tourist season, make sure to schedule your visits to popular tourist attractions during the weekdays and early mornings. You'll be more likely to beat the crowds and make the most of your visit.
Things to Do
Paris has so much to offer visitors, whether it's your first time or your fourth. Visit its richly endowed museums to see permanent and temporary exhibits, taste French delicacies in its bakeries and world-acclaimed restaurants, and take long strolls through the varied, fascinating streets and neighborhoods of the French capital.
- Especially on a first visit, spend a few hours roaming the breathtaking art collections of the Louvre Museum, the Musée d'Orsay and/or the Museum of Modern Art at the Centre Georges Pompidou.
- Taste some of the best croissants and pastries in Paris at these bakeries and patisseries, and indulge in a delicious lunch or dinner in a wine bar, enjoying small plates alongside an excellent glass of white or red.
- Explore the dizzyingly beautiful neighborhoods of Paris-- from classic and renowned to secretive and hip-- by following our complete guide to 72 hours in the French capital.
For even more tips on what to see and do during your stay, check out our guide to the top 30 tourist attractions in Paris. On a budget? Find out what to do in Paris for less than 10 Euros a day. Visiting with younger family members? Learn how to enjoy the French capital with the kids.
What to Eat and Drink
If you've got a curious gourmet palate or just want to know what all the fuss around French food is about, Paris is an ideal culinary playground. It boasts more Michelin-starred restaurants than most cities combined, famous for its star chefs. But eating well here doesn't have to break the bank-- you can sample a delicious French pastry at a local bakery with some pocket change, or tuck into fabulous Parisian street food-- from crepes to falafels.
If nightlife and fine wine is your scene, there's plenty to enjoy on that front, too. The city's numerous wine bars can be elegant, rustic and fun, or both. Some of the most creative new cocktail bars in Paris are designed like glamorous old speakeasies, and the craft beer and brewery scene, while more recent, is thriving.
For even more on the best places to eat and drink in the city of light, see our full guide to eating out in Paris, with suggestions for all budgets and tastes. You may also want to see our tips on the most family-friendly restaurants in the city.
Where to Stay
While you might imagine that finding a place to stay in Paris is simple-- after all, it's the most-visited city in the world and it caters to tourists-- we recommend that you do some careful research before booking. There are, first of all, hundreds of hotels to choose from, but quality can vary quite a bit. It's always best to choose a room in a hotel that's received consistently high ratings from travellers on booking sites such as TripAdvisor and Booking.com.
If you prefer self-catered stays, we recommend that you avoid Air B & B in Paris. Quality tends to be hit and miss. Instead, consider apartment rental sites. Many offer bookings through TripAdvisor.
As to where to stay in the city, that's a matter of personal preference, and you'll find hotels and lodging options in all of the city's main neighborhoods. If you're after a classic, romantic stay, you can try booking in the Latin Quarter or nearby the Opera Garnier, but expect prices to be steeper in these areas. For a quieter and more authentic stay, there are many excellent hotels in areas preferred by locals, including the Gare de Lyon area, the Rue Montorgueil district and the areas around Metro Montparnasse.
Paris is served by three international airports, including Charles de Gaulle and Orly. The easiest way to get from the airport to the city is by public transportation (the RER commuter train system or the Roissybus airport shuttle), but some travelers will prefer airline coach services or taxis.
- Charles de Gaulle is the largest airport offering international and overseas flights, and it's about an hour away from the city by train (RER Line A) or taxi. Public transportation is easy to access, but it's still not especially close to the city center.
- Orly Airport is closer to the city center, roughly 30 minutes from the southern city hub of Montparnasse by RER commuter train line B.
- Beauvais Airport is a smaller airport served mostly by low-cost European airlines, and situated around 50 miles from the city center. If you're traveling to Paris from another European city, you can save money by flying to Beauvais, but you'll have to budget more time to get to your hotel.
For full information on getting there and getting around, see our full guide to the airports of Paris. Also read up on whether to take a taxi to or from the airport, and our tips on driving in the French capital.
On average, Paris rates rather poorly for accessibility. While major efforts are underway to improve accessibility in the city, travelers with limited mobility may find the city difficult to get around in.
The Paris tourist office website has a helpful page on how to get around in the city, offering tips on transport and specialist services.
In addition, the following Paris Metro and bus lines are accessible to people with limited mobility or disabilities:
Metro line 14, RER Line A
Bus lines 20, 21, 24, 26, 27, 30, 31, 38, 39, 43, 53, 60, 62, 63, 80, 81, 88, 91, 92, 94, 95, 96.
Taxis are required by law to accept passengers with wheelchairs.
For more information on accessibility, visit and bookmark this page: How accessible is Paris to visitors with limited mobility?
If you're on a limited budget, fear not. Paris is actually remarkably friendly for tighter budgets, even though it's a center of the luxury industry and gets associated with glamour and "high-end" activities.
- Visit museums that don't cost a (Euro) cent to see. These fantastic collections are rich in art, sculpture, and drawings, but are free for all. The free museums include the Musée d’Art Moderne, the Musée Carnavalet, and the Musée du Parfum-Fragonard.
- Roam around in the gorgeous parks and squares of Paris, a free activity that will nevertheless make you feel grand.
- Take advantage of the many free events that bring the city to life each year, from lively music festivals to pop-up beaches and pools along the Seine river.
- Go during low season to benefit from lower rates on hotel stays, cheaper flights and special offers at numerous tourist attractions.
- Rent a self-catering apartment and prepare some of your meals at your very own "Parisian home". It's fun and culturally educational to head out to your local bakery or open-air food market to stock up on local produce, bread and wine and have your own feast. Now's the time to try out those French recipes you've been collecting!
- If you plan to hit more than a few popular tourist attractions and want to take the Metro, consider buying special passes such as the Paris Visite Pass and/or the Paris Museum Pass.
For more on making the most of the French capital on a tight or limited budget, see our complete guide to the best free things to see and do in Paris.
Before You Go: Learn Some Key Facts About the City
It's always a good idea to get acquainted with the city by learning some basic facts before you go.
Population: Approximately 2.24 million people, according to the 2010 census (around 3.6% of France's total population
Average yearly high temperature: 16 degrees C (60.8 degrees F)
Average yearly low temperature: 9 degrees C (48.2 degrees F)
Average visitors per year: Over 25 million
High tourist season: Approximately March through September, with peaks in the summer. The Christmas season is also especially popular among visitors.
Time zone: Paris is 6 hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time and 9 hours ahead of Pacific Standard Time.
Geography and Orientation
Elevation: 27 meters (90 feet above sea level)
Surface Area: 105 square km. (41 square miles)
Geographical Situation: Paris is located in Central Northern France, at the heart of a region (departement) called Ile de France. The city does not border any major body of water and is relatively flat.
Bodies of water: The famous Seine river cuts through the city center East to West. The Marne river flows through many of the suburbs east of Paris.
The City's Layout: Getting Oriented
The city, often described as being shaped like a snail shell, is broken into 20 districts or arrondissements. The first arrondissement is at the center of the city, near the Seine river. Subsequent arrondissements spiral out clockwise. You can easily find out what arrondissement you're in by looking for street plaques on corner buildings.
The Boulevard Périphérique, Paris' beltway, generally marks the boundary between Paris and its near suburbs.
Our Advice: Take a Tour to Get Oriented
For boat tours, you can book basic tours & dinner cruise packages online (via Isango). We recommend reading up on popular tour operators, including Bateaux Mouches and Bateaux Parisiens, to find the right Seine river cruise or tour packages.
Tourist Welcome Centers in Paris
The Paris Tourist Office has welcome centers around the city, providing free documentation and advice to visitors. You can find maps and pocket-sized guides to Paris sights and attractions at one of the welcome centers.