Everything You Need to Know About Oktoberfest

All the answers to your Oktoberfest Questions

Revellers enjoy themselves as they drink beer at the Braeurosl beer tent during day 7 of Oktoberfest beer festival in Munich
••• Revellers enjoy themselves as they drink beer at the Braeurosl beer tent in Munich. Johannes Simon/Getty Images News/Getty Images

Oktoberfest may be well-known as the biggest folk (and drinking!) festival in the world, but many attendees aren't quite sure what to expect. The following answers to Oktoberfest FAQs will help you enjoy the madness and party without regrets.

Why is OKTOBERfest in September?

The original Oktoberfest was held in October in 1810. It was to celebrate the wedding of Prince Ludwig of Bavaria and Princess Therese of Saxony-Hildburghausen (leading to the name of the venue, Theresienwiese).

All of the fine folk of Munich were invited to eat and — of course — drink for five days. The celebration was such a success, they decided to do it every year and extended the celebration into September to better suit the harvest.

Can you go to Oktoberfest without a reservation?

While reservations are required in the tents after a certain time, getting a seat during off-times (like weekdays before noon) usually isn't a problem. You may be kicked out in the early evening when reservations walk in, but if you've hit it hard it may be time to leave anyways. The grounds are also available to wander at any time and there is some outdoor seating that doesn't require a reservation.

Which beer tent is the best?

There are 14 main beer tents to choose from and each offers its own allure. The Hofbräu Tent is well-known internationally, meaning it is the most visited by foreigners. Augustiner is more laid-back and one of the most family-friendly.

Schottenhamel is the oldest and largest tent with 10,000-seats. This is where the first keg is tapped (O’zapft is!) and the young people party. My favorite tent has been Hacker Pschorr, another large tent, with a mix of locals and foreigners and the charming design and logo of Himmel der Bayern (Heaven for Bavarians).

Though many people, especially Bavarians, have strong opinions on this point, it's best to dip into several tents early without a reservation and find your favorite.

Is it all foreigners?

Though outsiders arrive in Munich for Oktoberfest in large numbers, the festival is still full of Bavarians. About 70 percent of the crowd is local with an estimated 15 percent from elsewhere in Germany where they consider the Bavarian traditions as unique as we do.

What kind of beer is there?

The beer at Oktoberfest comes from several storied Munich breweries. These include Augustiner, Paulaner and Spaten. Most of these are light-tasting Helles, with a heavy Dunkel Bier (dark German lager) also available. These beers are brewed especially for the event.

What should you eat at Oktoberfest?

Excellent question! Here's what to eat at Oktoberfest (or anytime you're in Munich), plus desserts. Think roasted chicken, pretzels and Weisswurst (little white sausages) for breakfast. 

How much should you budget per day?

Entry is free, but little else is. Obviously, how much you need varies wildly but with each Mass costing at least 10 euros, this isn't exactly a discounters paradise. On top of the drinks, expect to pay 15 euros for a full meal and 5 euros for a snack.

Outside the tents you can find small bites like a Bratwurst in Brot for 4 euros. Expect to bring at least 50 euros a day (cash is king).

The biggest cost is accommodations. Prices skyrocket for Oktoberfest and grow steadily higher for last-minute reservations. Expect to pay at least 120 euros per person, per night for a very basic room with hostel beds starting at 40 euros. Check out our list of Munich Hotels for Oktoberfest as well as last-minute Oktoberfest accommodations.

Is everyone welcome?

People of all shapes, sizes, colors, ages and orientations attend the festival. Unlike places like the USA where alcohol and children do not mix, beer drinking is usually family-friendly in Germany.

That said, Oktoberfest takes it to an all new level. Children under the age of six must leave the tents by 20:00 and the crowds may be intimidating for younger visitors.

Try to take children on family days or off-times.

Also note that LGBT visitors are welcome on all days, but a majority come together to celebrate for "Gay Sunday" on the first Sunday of the festival.

How many days should you stay?

Oktoberfest is a lot. Many people simply go in for the day and get all their party out at once. If you want to see everything the festival has to offer, three days is usually enough to do that. There is such a thing as too much Oktoberfest. If you want to see more of the city (which you should), visit outside of Oktoberfest season, or visit during one of the more low-key festivals like Starkbierziet or Spring Festival.

Is Oktoberfest safe?

Germany is — by and large — a very safe country. Violent crime is rare. That said, theft is not uncommon, especially in a large festival of drunk people. Limit what valuables you bring and try to avoid becoming overly inebriated. In addition, recent terrorist threats have been cause for concern. The city of Munich and festival organizers have worked hard to make this event as safe as possible, even providing secure entry for the first time.

Is smoking allowed?

Smoking is no longer allowed in the tents. This is actually a Bavarian law which bans smoking in bars, pubs, restaurants and beer tents. Most of the time, smokers gather just outside the entrance to the tents but this can get complicated when the tents are at capacity. Some tents have organized outdoor balconies for smokers.

How is the weather?

Oktoberfest has a nasty habit of being very rainy. This hardly affects the drinkers as most seating is within the tents, but can make a day exploring the grounds and whirling around on rides a little dreary. Bring an umbrella, a coat (or traditional Janker) and a smile.

What should you wear to Oktoberfest?

Natürlich Tracht! Traditional Bavarian wear like Lederhosen and Dirndl (known as Tracht) can be spotted throughout the fest on Bavarians and foreigners. Shops in Munich are happy to help you find the Bavarian outfit of your dreams, but these outfits can be pricey. Refer to our guide on Lederhosen for options and an idea of what to budget. Goofy beer hats, funky glasses and everyday wear are also perfectly acceptable.

What to do if you lose something at Oktoberfest

Every year, over 4,000 items make their way to lost and found. Check with the Service Center behind the Schottenhamel Tent as soon as you realize you've lost something, but don't give up hope if it doesn't appear right away. Many things are turned in from the tents at the end of the day. The desk is open from 13:00 to 23:00.

Found items will be stored for six months at the Fundbüro der Landeshauptstadt München (Oetztaler Str. 17, 81373 München). After that point, everything is sold at auction.