Travel to Europe: A Reopening Timeline, Country by Country

France Eases Coronavirus Lockdown
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In late August of 2021, the EU announced that it would be taking the U.S. off its safe list, encouraging member states to reinstate restrictions on American travelers. Some countries have already taken this recommendation to adapt their previously more relaxed rules, while a handful of countries have taken even harsher measures to ban American travelers or mandate quarantines for vaccinated travelers.

Most European countries are still allowing Americans to enter on the condition they can show proof of vaccination. Some will also still accept a negative test result from unvaccinated travelers, and others are still keeping borders closed regardless of vaccination status. In some places, visitors and citizens alike must show proof of vaccination in order to enter businesses like restaurants or to check into a hotel.

Every European country is handling the crisis differently, so read on to learn the latest travel requirements and lockdown conditions in each.

Austria

U.S. citizens are allowed to enter Austria as long as they can show proof of vaccination (within 360 days) or a certificate of recovery confirming that the traveler has recovered from COVID-19 in the past few months. This could be in the form of a positive test result from months prior or a positive antibody test.

The Baltics

U.S. citizens are allowed to enter Estonia, Latvia, or Lithuania if they are fully vaccinated. Fully vaccinated travelers may enter any of these three countries for non-essential reasons without needing to quarantine. Unvaccinated travelers may enter Estonia but will need to show a negative test and self-isolate for 10 days.

Belgium

The U.S. is again considered a "red zone" area and U.S. citizens may only enter Belgium with proof of vaccination or a negative test taken within 72 hours. All travelers will be tested upon arrival and unvaccinated travelers must also self-quarantine for 10 days with the option to test out on the seventh day.

Bulgaria

Bulgaria is not allowing travelers to enter from the U.S. as it has been reclassified as a high-risk country. However, U.S. citizens are still allowed to enter Bulgaria as long as they arrive from a green or orange zone country and can provide proof of vaccination, antibodies, or a negative PCR test. There is no requirement to quarantine.

Croatia

Tourists are once again allowed to enter Croatia, but they will need proof of vaccination (not older than 270 days), antibodies, or a negative PCR test, taken within 72 hours of arrival. Any traveler who enters Croatia without these requirements will be tested on arrival and required to self-isolate until the results come back negative.

Czech Republic

U.S. citizens can only enter the Czech Republic with either proof of vaccination. Fully-vaccinated UK travelers can now enter for any reason without needing to self-isolate or be tested.

Denmark

U.S. citizens are allowed to enter Denmark only if they are fully vaccinated. Unvaccinated travelers are not allowed to enter Denmark unless they qualify for an exemption. If so, they will need a negative test upon entry and must self-isolate for at least four days, depending on the result of another test on the fourth day after arrival.

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Finland

Finland is allowing fully vaccinated tourists to enter without any testing or quarantine requirements. Unvaccinated U.S. citizens may also enter as long as they can provide an essential reason and a negative test result.

France

U.S. citizens are allowed to enter France with proof of vaccination. Unvaccinated travelers may be allowed to enter if they supply a negative test taken within 72 hours, but they will also be required to self-isolate for seven days. Since August, every person in France is required to obtain a health pass in order to board an airplane or enter cafes, restaurants, and other businesses. Tourists can obtain a health pass, or Pass Sanitaire, from a French pharmacy or doctor by showing proof of vaccination or a negative test. If showing a negative test, the pass is only good for 72 hours.

The UK is on France's amber list, which means unvaccinated people will only be allowed to travel if they qualify for an exception and will be required to isolate for seven days. Fully vaccinated travelers can travel from the UK to France for any reason, but will also need to present a negative test.

Germany

All travelers coming from a virus-variant area must quarantine for 14 days, even if they have been vaccinated. The United States is considered a high-risk area must show proof of vaccination or they will be required to quarantine for 10 days. All travelers, regardless of vaccination status, will also need to show a negative test taken within 72 hours.

Greece

Greece has opened its doors to U.S. citizens, who will be allowed to enter with proof of vaccination or a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours. All international travelers are subject to random testing upon arrival in Greece. If you are selected for random testing, you must self-quarantine at your destination for 24 hours or until you receive a negative test result.

Hungary

U.S. citizens can now enter Hungary with a negative test taken within 72 hours. There is no requirement to quarantine.

Iceland

Only travelers who can prove they have been fully vaccinated are allowed to enter Iceland. Everyone will also need to show a negative test taken within 72 hours of departure and will be tested again on arrival, at no extra charge.

Ireland

Fully vaccinated travelers from the U.S., or travelers who can prove recovery from COVID-19 in the past 180 days, are allowed to enter Ireland without showing a negative test or needing to quarantine. Unvaccinated travelers may enter, but will need a negative PCR test result taken within 72 hours of departure and must self-quarantine for 14 days. If you're arriving from Northern Ireland, the mandatory quarantine does not apply. Anyone who arrives without a test may be subject to a large fine.

Travelers from some high-risk countries may have to quarantine upon arrival in Ireland's hotel quarantine system. This does not include the United States

Italy

All travelers arriving from the UK will need proof of full vaccination and a negative test result taken within 48 hours. Travelers who arrive without both requirements will be mandated to self-isolate for five days.

U.S. citizens are allowed to enter Italy with proof of vaccination (or other proof of immunization) and a negative test taken within 48 hours. This will give the traveler a "green pass," which exempts the traveler from the required 10-day self-isolation. The green pass is also necessary to access activities like museums and indoor dining, CDC "white cards" will also be accepted as proof.

The Netherlands

Only U.S. citizens who can present proof of vaccination will be allowed to enter and they must also complete a mandatory 10-day quarantine. They will also need a negative PCR or antigen test taken within 24 hours of entering the Netherlands. Travelers who are exempt from the quarantine requirement must still complete a quarantine declaration when arriving from the U.S. Anyone entering the Netherlands from the UK will need to self-isolate for 10 days, regardless of vaccination status—with the option to test and release after five days.

Norway

Norway has closed its borders to all non-essential travel from any country outside the EU and Schengen Area. Anyone traveling to Norway will be required to quarantine for 10 days, except for some European countries and regions that have been deemed low-risk. All travelers must be tested upon arrival and those coming from high-risk countries must also show a negative test before departing for Norway. For travelers arriving from the UK, South Africa, Ireland, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, and Brazil, the test must be a PCR test. Norway is still closed to travelers outside of Europe, including U.S. citizens.

Poland

U.S. citizens can enter Poland if they are arriving on an international flight. Proof of vaccination or a negative test result will be required in order to forgo the mandatory 10-day quarantine.

Portugal Impacted By Coronavirus
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Portugal

U.S. citizens are allowed to enter Portugal by plane if they can show a negative test taken within 72 hours of boarding or proof of vaccination. Digital proof of vaccination will be accepted. U.S. citizens may travel directly to Portugal from the United States for tourism and hotels and businesses may require guests to show digital proof of vaccination or a negative PCR, antigen, or rapid test.

Romania

U.S citizens are allowed to enter Romania but will be subject to a 14-day quarantine unless they have been fully vaccinated or can show proof of recovery or a negative test result.

Russia

U.S. citizens are now allowed to enter Russia. Everyone traveling to Russia will be required to present a negative PCR test taken within the previous three days of their arrival with no requirement to quarantine.

Serbia

U.S. citizens are allowed to enter Serbia with a negative PCR test taken within 48 hours, regardless of vaccination status. However, there's no need to quarantine.

Spain

U.S. citizens can only enter Spain if they can show proof of vaccination. All travelers coming from approved countries are asked to complete a health control form online, which will give them the QR code they will need to show upon entry in Spain in addition to undergoing a health check. No quarantine is required.

Sweden

U.S. citizens are banned from entering Sweden directly from the U.S. but they will be able to enter if they transfer from another European country. They will need to show a negative test taken within 48 hours, regardless of vaccination status. There is no quarantine requirement.

Switzerland

U.S. citizens may enter Switzerland if they can show proof of vaccination or a negative test, as long as they are not coming from a high-risk country. All travelers from high-risk countries like the UK will need a negative PCR test taken within 72 hours or proof of recovery from COVID-19—in addition to proof of vaccination.

Turkey

Turkey has reopened its borders to travelers from many countries, including the U.S. All passengers traveling to Turkey will undergo a health exam upon arrival and must provide proof of vaccination or a negative PCR test result taken within 72 hours before departure. Travelers from the UK will need to show a negative test regardless of vaccination status and anyone who has visited a high-risk country like Brazil or India within 14 days before entering Turkey will be required to quarantine for 14 days.

Ukraine

U.S. citizens are allowed to enter Ukraine if they can show proof of vaccination or a negative test taken within 72 hours, plus proof of health insurance. Travelers are not required to quarantine.

United Kingdom

Each country within the United Kingdom—England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland—is operating independently to mitigate the spread of the virus and has different guidelines in place to manage the reopening. Travelers from the U.S. are no longer required to quarantine when entering the UK as long as they can provide proof of vaccination. Before flying, everyone will need one negative test.

Article Sources
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