Weather in Egypt: Climate, Seasons, and Average Monthly Temperature

Storm Clouds Over the Pyramids
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Although different regions experience different weather patterns, in general, Egypt has an arid desert climate meaning days are usually both hot and sunny. Because it is located in the northern hemisphere, seasons in Egypt follow much the same pattern as those in Europe and North America, with winter falling between November and January, and the peak summer months falling between June and August. 

Winters are generally mild, although temperatures can fall below 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius) at night. In the Western Desert, record lows have dipped below freezing during the winter months. Most regions have very little precipitation regardless of the season, although Cairo and areas of the Nile Delta may experience a few rainy days during winter. 

Summers can be unbearably hot, especially in the desert and other areas of the country's interior. In Cairo, average summer temperatures regularly exceed 86 degrees Fahrenheit (30 degrees Celsius), while the record high for Aswan, a popular tourist destination on the banks of the River Nile, is 124 degrees Fahrenheit (51 degrees Celsius). Summer temperatures remain high at the coast but are made more tolerable by regular cool breezes. 

Popular Areas in Egypt


The Egyptian capital has a hot desert climate. However, instead of experiencing dry heat, its proximity to the Nile Delta and the coast can make the city exceptionally humid, which can make the heat almost unbearable. June, July, and August are the hottest months with average temperatures of around 86 to 95 degrees Fahrenheit (30 to 35 degrees Celsius). Light, loose clothing made with natural fibers like cotton or linen is highly recommended for those who choose to visit the city at this time. Sunscreen and copious amounts of water are absolute essentials as well. 

Nile Delta and Aswan

If you're planning a cruise down the River Nile, preparing for the weather can be tricky, since the ship isn't stationary the entire time. However, looking at the weather forecast for Aswan or Luxor gives the best indication of what to expect on the Nile. From June through August, temperatures regularly exceed 104 degrees Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius). As a result, it's generally advisable to avoid traveling during these peak summer months, especially as there is little shade to be found near the area's ancient monuments, tombs, and pyramids. And it would be a shame to visit the area without seeing those landmarks. Humidity levels are low, and an average of over 3,800 hours of sunshine a year make Aswan one of the sunniest places on Earth. 

The Red Sea

If you're planning a trip to one of Egypt's Red Sea resorts, the coastal city of Hurghada will give a general idea of the weather for the rest of the area. Compared to other destinations in Egypt, the coast has milder weather. Meaning winters are generally warmer, while the summer months are slightly cooler. With average summer temperatures of around 90 degrees Fahrenheit (32 degrees Celsius), Hurghada and other Red Sea destinations offer a respite from the sweltering heat of the interior. Sea temperatures are ideal for snorkeling and scuba diving, with an average water temperature of 82 degrees Fahrenheit (28 degrees Celsius) in August. 

Western Desert

If you're planning a trip to Siwa Oasis or anywhere else in Egypt's Western Desert region, a good time to visit is during early spring and late fall. At these times, you will avoid the searing temperatures of summer and the frigid nighttime temperatures of winter. The record high for Siwa is 118 degrees Fahrenheit (48 degrees Celsius), while temperatures can drop as low as 28 degrees Fahrenheit (2 degrees Celsius) in winter. From mid-March to April, the Western Desert is prone to sandstorms caused by the khamsin wind so be sure to have protection for your eyes, nose, and mouth in case you get caught in a storm. 

Spring in Egypt

Spring weather in Egypt can be unpredictable. Days are typically warm, but the season is known for strong winds which can cause sandstorms. These are most common outside of major cities and can sometimes last up to three days. If you get caught in a sandstorm, take care to cover your eyes, nose, and mouth, seek shelter and avoid driving if you can. While temperatures rise from March through May, humidity levels are still very reasonable. 

What to pack: Regardless of the season you visit, sturdy walking shoes are a must. You'll also want to pack long pants and lightweight tops (both short- and long-sleeved) for a spring trip as well as a face covering in case of sandstorms.

Summer in Egypt

Not surprisingly, summer in Egypt means oppressive heat and baking sun. Temperatures during the summer months average an impressive 104 degrees Fahrenheit (40 degrees Celsius) but can reach as high as 122 F (50 C) in some area.s Even coastal areas stay warm, which is good for beachgoers as the water is typically a balmy 82 degrees Fahrenheit (28 degrees Celsius). The hottest period of summer spans July through September, so all but the most weather-hardened visitors should steer clear of Egypt during that time if possible.

What to pack: Keeping cool is the primary goal if you're visiting Egypt during the summer months. Pack lightweight cotton and linen clothing and breathable shoes, but don't forget sunglasses and a wide-brimmed hat as well. Sunscreen and water will also be necessary items.

Fall in Egypt

Fall in Egypt brings in a massive influx of tourists. That's not surprising, given that the weather is nearly perfect during this season. By the end of September, temperatures have dropped significantly. Most days average around 85 degrees Fahrenheit (29 degrees Celsius), but that can vary a bit depending on location. This is a popular season, so expect prices for hotels and activities to increase accordingly. 

What to pack: Pack a light jacket, shirts for layering, and an umbrella—it can and does rain in Egypt! Like other seasons, a brimmed hat and high-factor sunscreen is always a good idea.

Winter in Egypt

The winds in Egypt pick up during the winter season, but don't fret: Temperatures here still rarely drop below 50 degrees Fahrenheit (10 degrees Celsius). The beginning of December is a prime time to visit, as the sea is still quite warm, prices are low, and the worst of the winter winds likely haven't kicked up yet. Tourists also flock to the country during the third and fourth weeks of December, to celebrate Christmas and the New Year.

What to pack: Winter in Egypt isn't as chilly as other locations, but a light jacket or windbreaker (there will be wind!) is a good idea. In general, even in winter, clothing should be lightweight and breathable. 

Average Monthly Temperature, Rainfall, and Daylight Hours

Month Avg. Temp. Rainfall Daylight Hours
January 66 F / 19 C 0.2 inches 10 hours
February 69 F / 20 C 0.2 inches 11 hours
March 74 F / 23 C 0.2 inches 12 hours
April 83 F /28 C 0 inches 13 hours
May 90 F / 32 C 0 inches 14 hours
June 93 F / 34 C 0 inches 14 hours
July 95 F / 35 C 0 inches 14 hours
August 94 F / 34 C 0 inches 13 hours
September 91 F / 33 C 0 inches 12 hours
October 85 F / 30 C 0 inches 11 hours
November 77 F / 25 0.2 inches 11 hours
December 69 F / 20 C 0.2 inches 10 hours