Peru’s driving license laws make things easy for international travelers. According to Peru’s Ministry of Transportation (“Decreto Supremo Number 040-2008-MTC”):
“Original licenses from other countries that are valid and which have been issued in accordance with international conventions signed and ratified by Peru may be used for a maximum period of six (06) months from the date of entry into the country.”
In other words, you can drive in Peru using your driving license from back home (as long as it’s still valid) in conjunction with your passport. Your passport will have an entry stamp showing your date of entry into Peru (you should also carry your Tarjeta Andina while driving).
International Driving Permits in Peru
If you’re planning to drive frequently in Peru, it’s a good idea to get an International Driving Permit (IDP). International Driving Permits are valid for one year. They are not, however, a replacement for a driver’s license, acting only as an authorized translation of a driver's home license.
Having an IDP, however, will help if you have to deal with stubborn, ill-informed or possibly corrupt police officials. Peruvian transit police can be difficult to deal with, especially when they are sniffing out a potential fine (legitimate or otherwise) or a bribe. An IDP will help you avoid potential problems regarding the validity of your original license.
Driving in Peru After Six Months
If you still want to drive legally in Peru after six months, you’ll need a Peruvian driver’s license. To obtain a Peruvian license, you’ll need to pass a written exam, a practical driving test, and a medical exam. More information about these tests, as well as test center locations, can be found at the Touring y Automovil Club del Peru website (Spanish only).