Arkansas has the world's only diamond mine where the general public can mine for diamonds and actually keep what they find. Crater of Diamonds State Park in Murfreesboro, Arkansas is a one of a kind experience for you and your family. Take a trip to Arkansas and find a diamond of your own. It really does happen more frequently than you'd expect.
About the Park
Crater of Diamonds is a 37-acre field in Murfreesboro, AR. It's the eighth largest diamond reserve in the world. Diamonds were first discovered on this eroded volcanic pipe in 1906 by the owner, John Huddleston. Since that time, over 75,000 diamonds have been found there.
Since 1906, the mine has changed hands many times. In 1952, it was opened by private interests as a tourist attraction. In 1972, it was purchased by the State for development as a state park.
Finding Diamonds and Gemstones
Finding small diamonds or gems at Crater of Diamonds is a fairly common circumstance. Less commonly, people find massive gems. The largest diamond found in the United States (over 40 carats) was found in this very field. According to The Parks Service, over 22,000 people have actually found gems (including diamonds, amethyst, agate, jasper, quartz, and many others) on a visit to the park. An average of more than 600 diamonds are found each year in the Crater of Diamonds. Your chances are pretty good if you know what to look for.
Aside from diamonds and non-precious gems, you can also found all sorts of cool rocks. If your kids like collecting rocks, this is the place to take them. The volcanic rock found at the crater is very similar to river rock, as it's totally smooth, but it comes in all sorts of fun shapes and colors.
The most helpful tools are a hand spade, a bucket, and a sifting screen. Visitors are allowed to bring their own tools or they can be rented on site for a small fee. Allowed tools are shovels, garden rakes, buckets, etc. No motorized equipment is allowed.
The field is plowed monthly. Most people grab a bucket of loose dirt and bring it to sift at the on-site water stations. Each pavilion contains tubs of water, benches, and tables where hunters can process the ore they unearth. If you don't want to sift the plowed dirt, you can dig deep holes almost anywhere you want in the huge 37-acre field.
The Parks Service says that there are three main methods to find diamonds: dry sifting, wet sifting and surface hunting. Instructional brochures can be obtained at the Visitor's Center. Visitors to Crater of Diamonds can try all three.
There are 50 campsites at the park. You can also picnic, have lunch at the cafe or stop at the gift shop. The visitor's center has several programs and interpretive exhibits. A water park and restaurant are open seasonally.
Identifying a Diamond in the Rough
Rough diamonds don't look like those you'll find in a jewelry store, so don't toss that stone. A diamond weighing several carats may be no larger than a marble so keep your eyes open for small well-rounded crystals. Diamonds have an oily, slick outer surface that dirt will not adhere to so look for clean crystals. Most diamonds found at the crater are yellow, clear white or brown. Just because it doesn't sparkle like a cut diamond doesn't mean it isn't a diamond. Even the "cloudy" diamonds can be worth a great deal.
If you have an inkling that what you found is a diamond, hold on to it. You can bring it to the visitor's center and have them check it out. If it is a diamond, they will know how to identify it. They will weigh and certify your stone for free. Don't feel too stupid to ask. You never know! Many people think they have diamonds that don't. Don't feel self-conscious about it. They won't laugh if you're wrong, and if you're right, wow!
Where, Hours, Admission Fees
The diamond search area is open daily year-round except for New Year's Day, Thanksgiving Day and noon Christmas Eve through Christmas Day.
The park is open from 8:00 - 5:00 p.m. daily, except from May 28 to August 14 they are open from 8:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.
The park is two miles southeast of Murfreesboro on Ark. 301. Children under 6 get in free and they have discounted group rates.