Christmas in Eastern Europe is an important holiday that is celebrated according to the religious calendar observed in each country. Some countries celebrate Christmas on December 25 (see Eastern Europe in December for information about travel during this time of year). The Orthodox countries observe Christmas on January 7. The following will provide you with more information about Christmas in Eastern Europe and in the countries of this region.
General information and photos about Christmas in Eastern Europe:
- Eastern Europe Christmas Photos
- Information about Eastern Europe Christmas Markets
- Dates and Locations for Christmas Fairs in East Europe--Dates
- Christmas Customs in Eastern Europe
Christmas in Latvia
Latvia's Christmas traditions are still closely tied to pagan winter solstice celebrations, and Christmas is celebrated on December 25.
Christmas in Lithuania
Lithuanian Christmas traditions are influenced by Lithuania's Roman Catholic heritage. Lithuania celebrates Christmas on December 25.
Christmas in Estonia
Estonians celebrate Christmas on December 25, but the religious significance of this holiday may not be as pronounced in Estonia as it is in neighboring countries.
- Estonia Christmas Traditions
- Tallinn Christmas Market
Christmas in Poland
Christmas in Poland is celebrated on December 25th.
However, a Christmas Eve feast is traditional on December 24th.
- Poland Christmas Traditions
- Poland Christmas Markets
- Christmas in Krakow
- Pictures of Christmas in Poland
- Christmas Gifts from Poland
- Polish Christmas Eve Recipes (Barbara Rolek, EastEuropeanFood.about.com)
- Poland's Feast of the Three Kings (Barbara Rolek, EastEuropeanFood.about.com)
Christmas in Czech Republic
Christmas in Czech Republic is celebrated December 25. The Christmas carp is an important Christmas tradition in this country.
- Czech Christmas Traditions
- Czech Republic Christmas Markets
- Photos of Christmas in Prague
- Christmas Gifts from Prague
Christmas in Slovakia
Slovakia's Christmas traditions vary according to region, but share some similarities with Czech Christmas traditions.
- Slovakia Christmas Traditions
- Bratislava Christmas Market
- Slovak Christmas Eve Supper (Barbara Rolek, EastEuropeanFood.about.com)
Christmas in Hungary
Christmas in Hungary is celebrated over a 3-day period, from Christmas Eve (December 24) to December 26.
Christmas in Romania
Romanian Christmas is closely tied with pagan traditions and involve a Christmas pig slaughter and the singing of Christmas carols.
Christmas in Russia
Christmas is most widely celebrated on January 7 in Russia. Ded Moroz brings presents to children to celebrate the New Year.
Christmas in Ukraine
Ukraine celebrates Christmas on January 7.
Christmas Eve, or "Holy Evening" is the most important day associated with the Christmas celebrations in Ukraine.
Christmas in Croatia
Christmas in Bulgaria
Christmas in Serbia
The Orthodox tradition has most people in Serbia celebrating Christmas on January 7.
Christmas in Albania
Albania's relationship with Christmas is unique due to historical precedent as well as the religious demographic of the country.
Christmas In Belarus
Though Belarus acknowledges its pagan heritage with the solstice celebrations predating Christmas observances, New Year's traditions often take precedent.