Christmas Traditions and Events in Costa Rica

A boat in a Christmas boat parade in Costa Rica.
Mark Newman / Getty Images

Costa Rica is primarily Catholic, and Costa Ricans observe Christmas with exuberance. Christmas in Costa Rica is a vibrant time: a celebration of the season, of lights and music, and of course, of family togetherness.

Christmas Trees

Christmas trees are a huge part of Christmas in Costa Rica. Costa Rica citizens often decorate fragrant cypress trees with ornaments and lights. Sometimes the dried branches of coffee shrubs are used instead, or an evergreen branch if available. According to Costarica.net, the Christmas tree in front of the Children’s Hospital in San Jose is the most important and symbolic Christmas tree in all of Costa Rica.

Holiday Traditions

As with many Catholic nations, nativity scenes with figurines of Jesus, Mary, Joseph, the wise men, and the animals visiting the manger are a standard Costa Rican Christmas decoration, called “Portals”. Offerings such as fruits and little toys are placed in front of the nativity scene. The baby Jesus figurine is placed in the nativity the night before Christmas when he brings presents to the children of the household. In Costa Rica, it is not Santa Claus who brings the gifts on Christmas Eve.

The Costa Rica Christmas season doesn’t end until the sixth of January when the three wise men are said to have greeted baby Jesus.

Christmas Dinner

A Costa Rica Christmas dinner is just as elaborate as an American one. Tamales are one staple of the Costa Rican Christmas dinner, as well as pastries and other Costa Rican desserts like Tres Leches Cake. To drink, Costa Ricans favor eggnog and rum punch.

Another traditional meal is roast pork with rice or mashed potatoes and vegetables. Costa Ricans eat Christmas dinner after Misa de Gallo, Christmas midnight mass. Those who don’t go to church, usually have their dinner at 10 p.m. or earlier.

Festivals and Events

Christmas in Costa Rica commences with Festival de la Luz held the second week of December when the capital city of San Jose is transformed into a garland of lights. A huge lighted parade takes place on the second Saturday at 6 p.m. traveling from Paseo Colon to El Parque de la Democracia. Every year almost 1500 musicians participate in the festival and it attracts over a million spectators from all around the world. 

Bullfights are another traditional event during the Costa Rica holiday season. In Costa Rica, it is against the law to hurt the bull in any way. It's not really a bullfight. It is actually a corrida, which means “run,” or a rodeo. At the event, 50-100 fighters enter the bullring. Once the bull is led into the ring, the objective is to outrun the animal without being horned, kicked, or trampled upon.

In San Jose on December 26 and 27, there are two events that are worth attending. The first is a traditional parade featuring horses. The riders wear their traditional costumes and decorate their horses. The parade starts at Paseo Colón. The Carnival of Desamparados takes place on the December 27 and colorful state coaches are displayed and colorfully costumed participants dance to the rhythm of the bands.