How to Say 'Merry Christmas' in Greek

Aerial view at sunset of Aristotelous Square with Christmas tree and Christmas lights
Aerial view at sunset of Aristotelous Square with Christmas tree and Christmas lights.

 Athanasios Gioumpasis / Contributor/Getty Images

The Greek word for Christmas is Christougena or Christougenna, literally meaning "Christ's birth." When Greeks say "Merry Christmas," they say, "Kala Christougena." The apparent g sound is pronounced like a y.

During the winter tourist season, you're likely also to see it as Kalo christougenna, but kala is also correct, and in Greek lettering, "Merry Christmas" is written as Καλά Χριστούγεννα. 

The Greek Influence on Xmas

Greek has also had an impact on the written abbreviation of Christmas as "Xmas." While this is sometimes considered a disrespectful way of writing it, for the Greeks, it is a way of writing the word using the cross symbolized by the "X." It is considered a perfectly respectful way of writing Christmas rather than a casual abbreviation.

Greece has its own musical traditions around the holidays, too. The English word for Christmas carol comes from the Greek dance, the Choraulein, which is performed to flute music. Christmas carols were sung initially during festivals worldwide, including in Greece, so this tradition still lives strong in many of the country's major cities and small villages.

Some even believe that Santa Claus originated in Greece. Around 300 AD, bishop Agios Nikolaos was said to have thrown gold down chimneys to help mitigate poverty. Although there are many origin stories for Santa Claus, this may be one of the oldest and biggest influences on the modern tradition and lore of the man from the North Pole.

How to Say Happy New Year in Greek

Around the holidays, you will also hear Chronia Polla, which is how the Greeks wish each other a happy New Year, and it literally means "many years" and serves as a wish for long life and happy years to come.

You'll also likely see this phrase strung in lights across the main roads running through many villages and small towns in Greece, but sometimes it is spelled in English as Xronia Polla or Hronia Polla, while the Greek lettering for the phrase will read Χρόνια Πολλά.

The more formal New Year's greeting is a tongue twister: Eftikismenos o kenourisos kronos, which means "Happy New Year," but most people in Greece stick with the shorter Chronia Polla. If you can master both, you're sure to impress at least one Greecian on your trip to this European country.