Maps of China's Mainland Provinces

China is the world's third largest country, after Russia and Canada. Its political geography is complicated. Encompassing 5 different administrative zones, China has 22 Provinces, 5 Autonomous Regions, 4 Municipalities, 2 Special Administrative Regions (SAR), and 1 Claimed Province. The following is a list of the provinces in Mainland China in alphabetical order. Taiwan, the twenty-third and claimed province, is listed separately.

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Anhui Province

Anhui Province
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Hefei
Provincial population: 64.6 million
Famous for:

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Fujian Province

Fujian Province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Fuzhou
Provincial population: 35.1 million
Famous for:

03 of 22

Gansu Province

Gansu Province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Lanzhou
Provincial population: 29.2 million
Famous for:

04 of 22

Guangdong Province

Guangdong Province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Guangzhou
Provincial population: 113 million
Famous for: factories and industry; its capital, Guangzhou (formerly "Canton").

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Guizhou Province

Guizhou Province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Guiyang
Provincial population: 39 million
Famous for: large populations of minority peoples such as the Miao, Dong, and Buyi.​

06 of 22

Hainan Province

Hainan Province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Haikou
Provincial population: 7.2 million
Famous for: beaches at Yalong Bay

07 of 22

Hebei Province

hebei province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Shijiazhuang
Provincial population: 68 million​
Famous for: Chengde's Qing Dynasty summer palace (UNESCO Cultural World Heritage Site), Great Wall Shanhaiguan Pass, the easternmost end of the Ming-era Great Wall.

08 of 22

Heilongjiang Province

Heilongjiang Province
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Harbin
Provincial population: 38.2 million
Famous for: historically being part of Manchuria; Harbin's annual Ice & Snow Festival

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09 of 22

Henan Province

henan province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Zhengzhou
Provincial population: 98.7 million
Famous for:

  • The Yellow River area - the cradle of Chinese Civilization
  • Shaolin Temple
  • The Longmen Grottoes
10 of 22

Hunan Province

hunan province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Changsha
Provincial population: 67 million
Famous for:

  • Delicious spicy food
  • Mao Zedong's birth village of Shaoshan Chong
  • Wulingyuan scenic area
11 of 22

Hubei Province

hubei province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Wuhan
Provincial population: 60.2 million​​
Famous for: The Three Gorges on the Yangtze River

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Jiangsu Province

jiangsu province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Nanjing
Provincial population: 75.5 million
Famous for:

  • Nanjing - the ancient capital of China and the site of major Japanese atrocities during WWII
  • Suzhou - UNESCO World Heritage Site full of gardens and temples
  • Yixing where China's most famous clay teapots are made
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Jiangxi Province

jiangxi province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Nanchang
Provincial population: 42.8 million
Famous for:

  • Jingdezhen - the home of Chinese porcelain
  • Lushan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
14 of 22

Jilin Province

jilin province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Changchun
Provincial population: 42.2 million
Famous for: 

  • Being historically part of Manchuria
  • The scenery at Heaven Lake on the North Korean border
15 of 22

Liaoning Province

Liaoning Province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Shenyang
Provincial population: 27.1 million
Famous for:

  • Being historically part of Manchuria
  • Manchu cultural and historical sites (the Qing Dynasty was established by the Manchus in Liaoning who then moved their capital to the Forbidden City in Beijing)
  • Dalian, a beautiful port city with beaches and foreign architecture
16 of 22

Qinghai Province

qinghai province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Xining
Provincial population: 5.4 million
Famous for:

  • The Qinghai-Tibet Railway
  • Qinghai Lake, China's largest saltwater lake, and scenic area
  • Tibetan autonomous area outside Xining around Kumbum Monastery
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Shaanxi Province

shaanxi province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Xi'an
Provincial population: 37 million
Famous for:

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Shandong Province

shandong province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Jinan
Provincial population: 91.8 million
Famous for:

  • Qingdao's famous International Beer Festival
  • Qufu - home of Confucius (the Kong family)
19 of 22

Shanxi Province

shanxi province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Taiyuan
Provincial population: 33.4 million
Famous for:

  • Pingyao, a Ming-era walled city
  • Wutaishan, one of China's 4 holy Buddhist mountains
  • Datong Buddhist grottoes
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Sichuan Province

sichaun province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Chengdu
Provincial population: 87.3 million
Famous for:

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Yunnan Province

yunnan province map
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Kunming
Provincial population: 44.2 million
Famous for:

  • A large population of minority groups
  • Lijiang, a UNESCO World Heritage Site famed for its Naxi minority culture
  • Shangri-La, an ethnic Tibetan community in the high mountains
  • Xishuangbanna, a trekking area famed for beautiful scenery
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Zhejiang Province

Zhejiang Province
Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

Capital city: Hangzhou
Provincial population: 47.2 million
Famous for:

  • Longjing tea, the most famous of Chinese green teas
  • Putuoshan, one of China's 4 holy Buddhist mountains
  • Hangzhou's West Lake
  • Moganshan Scenic Area
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