A List of Maps and Basic Information About China's Mainland Provinces

China is the world's third largest country, after Russia and Canada. Its political geography is complicated. Encompassing 5 different administrative zones, China has 22 Provinces, 5 Autonomous Regions, 4 Municipalities, 2 Special Administrative Regions (SAR), and 1 Claimed Province.

The following is a list of the provinces in Mainland China in alphabetical order. Taiwan, the twenty-third and claimed province, is listed separately.

  • 01 of 22

    Anhui Province

    Anhui Province
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Hefei
    Provincial population: 64.6 million
    Famous for:

  • 02 of 22
    Fujian Province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Fuzhou
    Provincial population: 35.1 million
    Famous for:

  • 03 of 22
    Gansu Province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Lanzhou
    Provincial population: 29.2 million
    Famous for:

  • 04 of 22
    Guangdong Province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Guangzhou
    Provincial population: 113 million
    Famous for: factories and industry; its capital, Guangzhou (formerly "Canton").

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  • 05 of 22
    Guizhou Province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Guiyang
    Provincial population: 39 million
    Famous for: large populations of minority peoples such as the Miao, Dong, and Buyi.​

  • 06 of 22

    Hainan Province

    Hainan Province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Haikou
    Provincial population: 7.2 million
    Famous for: beaches at Yalong Bay

  • 07 of 22

    Hebei Province

    hebei province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Shijiazhuang
    Provincial population: 68 million
    Famous for: Chengde's Qing Dynasty summer palace (UNESCO Cultural World Heritage Site), Great Wall Shanhaiguan Pass, the easternmost end of the Ming-era Great Wall.

  • 08 of 22

    Heilongjiang Province

    Heilongjiang Province
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Harbin
    Provincial population: 38.2 million
    Famous for: historically being part of Manchuria; Harbin's annual Ice & Snow Festival

    Continue to 9 of 22 below.
  • 09 of 22

    Henan Province

    henan province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Zhengzhou
    Provincial population: 98.7 million
    Famous for:

    • The Yellow River area - the cradle of Chinese Civilization
    • Shaolin Temple
    • The Longmen Grottoes
  • 10 of 22

    Hunan Province

    hunan province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Changsha
    Provincial population: 67 million
    Famous for:

    • Delicious spicy food
    • Mao Zedong's birth village of Shaoshan Chong
    • Wulingyuan scenic area
  • 11 of 22
    hubei province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Wuhan
    Provincial population: 60.2 million​
    Famous for: The Three Gorges on the Yangtze River

  • 12 of 22

    Jiangsu Province

    jiangsu province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Nanjing
    Provincial population: 75.5 million
    Famous for:

    • Nanjing - ​the ancient capital of China and site of major Japanese atrocities during WWII
    • Suzhou - UNESCO World Heritage Site full of gardens and temples
    • Yixing where China's most famous clay teapots are made
    Continue to 13 of 22 below.
  • 13 of 22

    Jiangxi Province

    jiangxi province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Nanchang
    Provincial population: 42.8 million
    Famous for:

    • Jingdezhen - the home of Chinese porcelain
    • Lushan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site
  • 14 of 22

    Jilin Province

    jilin province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Changchun
    Provincial population: 42.2 million
    Famous for: 

    • Being historically part of Manchuria
    • The scenery at Heaven Lake on the North Korean border
  • 15 of 22

    Liaoning Province

    Liaoning Province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Shenyang
    Provincial population: 27.1 million
    Famous for:

    • Being historically part of Manchuria
    • Manchu cultural and historical sites (the Qing Dynasty was established by the Manchus in Liaoning who then moved their capital to the Forbidden City in Beijing)
    • Dalian, a beautiful port city with beaches and foreign architecture
  • 16 of 22
    qinghai province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Xining
    Provincial population: 5.4 million
    Famous for:

    • The Qinghai-Tibet Railway
    • Qinghai Lake, China's largest saltwater lake, and scenic area
    • Tibetan autonomous area outside Xining around Kumbum Monastery
    Continue to 17 of 22 below.
  • 17 of 22
    shaanxi province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Xi'an
    Provincial population: 37 million
    Famous for:

  • 18 of 22
    shandong province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Jinan
    Provincial population: 91.8 million
    Famous for:

  • 19 of 22

    Shanxi Province

    shanxi province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Taiyuan
    Provincial population: 33.4 million
    Famous for:

    • Pingyao, a Ming-era walled city
    • Wutaishan, one of China's 4 holy Buddhist mountains
    • Datong Buddhist grottoes
  • 20 of 22
    sichaun province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Chengdu
    Provincial population: 87.3 million
    Famous for:

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  • 21 of 22
    yunnan province map
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Kunming
    Provincial population: 44.2 million
    Famous for:

    • A large population of minority groups
    • Lijiang, a UNESCO World Heritage Site famed for its Naxi minority culture
    • Shangri-La, an ethnic Tibetan community in the high mountains
    • Xishuangbanna, a trekking area famed for beautiful scenery
  • 22 of 22
    Zhejiang Province
    Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain

    Capital city: Hangzhou
    Provincial population: 47.2 million
    Famous for:

    • Longjing tea, the most famous of Chinese green teas
    • Putuoshan, one of China's 4 holy Buddhist mountains
    • Hangzhou's West Lake
    • Moganshan Scenic Area