China is the world's third largest country, after Russia and Canada. Its political geography is complicated. Encompassing 5 different administrative zones, China has 22 Provinces, 5 Autonomous Regions, 4 Municipalities, 2 Special Administrative Regions (SAR) and 1 Claimed Province.
The following is a list of the provinces in Mainland China in alphabetical order. Click through for more information on each region. Taiwan, the twenty-third and claimed province, is listed separately.
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Capital city: Hefei
Provincial population: 64.6 million
- Yellow Mountains (Huang Shan)
- UNESCO villages and Huizhou Architecture
- Jiuhuashan, one of China's 4 Holy Buddhist mountains.
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Capital city: Fuzhou
Provincial population: 35.1 million
- Xiamen (formerly "Amoy"),
- Wuyishan Scenic Area
- Wulong Tea
- Hakka architecture
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Capital city: Guangzhou
Provincial population: 113 million
Famous for: factories and industry; its capital, Guangzhou (formerly "Canton").Continue to 5 of 22 below.
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Capital city: Haikou
Provincial population: 7.2 million
Famous for: beaches at Yalong Bay
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Capital city: Shijiazhuang
Provincial population: 68 million
Famous for: Chengde's Qing Dynasty summer palace (UNESCO Cultural World Heritage Site), Great Wall Shanhaiguan Pass, the easternmost end of the Ming-era Great Wall.
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Capital city: Changsha
Provincial population: 67 million
Famous for: delicious spicy food, Mao Zedong's birth village of Shaoshan Chong, Wulingyuan scenic area.
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Capital city: Wuhan
Provincial population: 60.2 million
Famous for: the Three Gorges on the Yangtze River
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Capital city: Nanjing
Provincial population: 75.5 million
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- Nanjing - ancient capital of China and site of major Japanese atrocities during WWII
- Suzhou - UNESCO World Heritage Site full of gardens and temples
- Yixing where China's most famous clay teapots are made
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Capital city: Nanchang
Provincial population: 42.8 million
Famous for: Jingdezhen - the home of Chinese porcelain; Lushan National Park, a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
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Capital city: Changchun
Provincial population: 42.2 million
Famous for: being historically part of Manchuria; the scenery at Heaven Lake on the North Korean border.
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Capital city: Shenyang
Provincial population: 27.1 million
Famous for: being historically part of Manchuria; Manchu cultural and historical sites (the Qing Dynasty was established by the Manchus in Liaoning who then moved their capital to the Forbidden City in Beijing); Dalian, a beautiful port city with beaches and foreign architecture.
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Capital city: Xining
Provincial population: 5.4 million
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- the Qinghai-Tibet Railway
- Qinghai Lake, China's largest saltwater lake and scenic area
- Tibetan autonomous area outside Xining around Kumbum Monastery
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Capital city: Jinan
Provincial population: 91.8 million
- Qingdao's famous International Beer Festival
- Qufu - home of Confucius (the Kong family)
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