Canada provinces number 10, with three territories to the north. The provinces are, in alphabetical order: Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick,Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan. The three territories are Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon.
The difference between a province and a territory has to do with their governance. Basically the territories have delegated powers under the authority of the Parliament of Canada; they are grouped together and ruled by the federal government. The provinces, on the other hand, exercise constitutional powers in their own right. This imbalance of power is gradually being rectified, with local decision-making powers being granted to the territories.
Each province and territory has its own unique draw for visitors and own tourism organization to facilitate your trip. All have outdoor adventure, by way of... camping, hiking trails, lakes and other natural phenomena. As you move from province
The following is a list of the 10 provinces in Canada, from west to east, followed by the territories.
01 of 13
British Columbia is the country's most western province. Bordered by the Pacific Ocean, B.C. as it is more commonly known, has some of the most temperate locations in the country, coastal islands and a mountainous interior. B.C.'s diverse geography draws adventure seekers, including skiers, kayakers and mountain bikers from around the world.
Major Cities & Towns: Victoria (provincial capital), Vancouver, Whistler, Kelowna
Best Known For: Okanagan wine region, skiing, fishing, whale watching, golf and other outdoor adventures
Map of British Columbia
BC Tourism Website
02 of 13
Alberta is one of Canada's three prairie provinces. It shares the Canadian Rocky Mountain range with its western B.C. neighbour and is therefore famous as a ski and hiking destination. Alberta is the primary supply and service hub for Canada's crude oil industry, Athabasca oil sands and other northern resource industries.
Alberta is famous for hosting the Calgary Stampede, which showcases the province's distinct cowboy culture.
03 of 13
Saskatchewan is the middle prairie province, landlocked between the other two, Alberta and Manitoba. The majority of Saskatchewan's population live in the southern half of the province, especially in Saskatoon and Regina. The provinces major industry is agriculture, followed by mining and oil and natural gas production.
04 of 13
Manitoba is the most easterly prairie province and longitudinal centre of Canada. Like Saskatchewan, a majority of the population lives in the southern region. Manitoba's north comprises Canadian Shield rock and arctic tundra and is largely uninhabited. For more than 6,000 years, the province has been home to Aboriginal and Métis people, who continue to exert a great cultural influence.Continue to 5 of 13 below.
05 of 13
Ontario is Canada's most populous province by a long shot comprising 40% of the country's total population. It is also home to the federal capital of Ottawa and the unofficial financial capital of Toronto. The majority of Ontario residents live in the southern part of the province near Toronto.
Major Cities: Toronto (provincial capital), Ottawa (federal capital), Niagara Falls, Niagara-on-the-Lake
Best Known For: Algonquin Park, CN Tower, Niagara wine region, Bruce Trail, woods and lakes
Map of Ontario
Ontario Tourism website
06 of 13
Quebec is the second most populous Canadian province and known primarily for its French speaking population, culture and heritage.
Quebec is the country's largest province by land area. Most residents live along and near the St. Lawrence River, especially in and between Montreal and Quebec City.
07 of 13
New Brunswick is one of Canada's three Maritime provinces, which form a tiny water bound cluster on the east coast, just below Quebec and bordering Maine, U.S.A.
Major Cities: Fredericton (provincial capital), Moncton, St. John
08 of 13
Major Cities: Halifax (provincial capital), Sydney, Wolfville, Peggy's Cove
Best Known For: Cabot Trail and other scenic drives, Celtic culture, Fortress of Louisbourg, fresh lobster dinners, coastline, Annapolis Valley
Map of Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia Tourism WebsiteContinue to 9 of 13 below.
09 of 13
10 of 13
11 of 13
12 of 13
13 of 13