In October, Canada's weather is cool yet comfortable, which means most outdoor activities can be enjoyed with a minimal need to layer up. Across this large country, October weather conditions in Canada will be cool with some precipitation, but generally pleasant. You are unlikely to see snow, unless you head to the northern provinces. In general, October is a great time to visit Canada, because there are fewer crowds and shoulder season means you can find some good deals on accommodation.
This time of year is also the best for spotting the bright colors of Canada's fall foliage. In the northern provinces, the leaves will hit their peak colorfulness early in the month, but if you're staying close to the U.S. border, the best time to visit would be in mid-to-late October.
Average October Temperature
Depending on which of Canada's thirteen provinces you plan on visiting, you're likely to find varying weather and climates across Canada. The Current Results website provides additional weather information for a range of Canadian cities and provinces. The following guide breaks down the average high and low temperatures in some of each province's most popular cities.
- Edmonton, AB: 51/32 F (10/0 C)
- Calgary, AB: 53/29 F (12/-1 C)
- Vancouver, BC: 56/45 F (14/7 C)
- Victoria, BC: 58/45 F (15/7 C)
- Churchill, MB: 34/19 F (1/-7 C)
- Winnipeg, MB: 51/31 F (11/0 C)
- Moncton, NB: 56/38 F (13/3 C)
- Saint John, NB: 60/37 F (16/3 C)
- St. John's, NF: 51/39 F (12/3 C)
- Yellowknife, NWT: 44/14 F (6/-10 C)
- Halifax, NS: 56/43 F (13/6 C)
- Iqualuit, NU: 30/21 F (minus -2/-6 C)
- Ottawa, ON: 55/39 F (13/4 C)
- Toronto, ON: 57/45 F (14/7 C)
- Charlottetown, PEI: 54/40 F (12/4 C)
- Montreal, QC: 55/39 F (13/4 C)
- Quebec City, QC: 52/36 F (11/2 C)
- Saskatoon, SK: 51/32 F (10/0 C)
- Whitehorse, YK: 40/26 (4/-3 C)
What to Pack
Clothing needs vary depending on what part of Canada you'll be visiting and whether you'll be traveling at the beginning of October or towards the end. The beginning of the month might still be warm enough to wear a short-sleeved shirt during the day, but at night you'll still want a warm jacket. Wherever you go, you'll probably need to bring a jacket, fleece, sweater, gloves, a hat, and a pair of long pants. The key to preparing for October in Canada is to pack clothes that can be easily layered on top of each other. This way you can adjust to cooler and warmer temperatures and the weather changes throughout the day and night.
October Events in Canada
If you're planning a trip to Canada, keep in mind the following fall events which may be happening near where you plan to go:
- There are many seasonal festivals worth traveling for in October like the Rocky Mountain Wine & Food Festival in Alberta, the Celtic Colours International Festival in Nova Scotia, and the largest Oktoberfest celebration in North America in Ontario.
- You can also easily find plenty of typical fall activities like pumpkin patches, corn mazes, apple-picking, and autumn festivals wherever you go.
- Toronto's Nuit Blanche is also a good event for art-lovers with the entire city coming together to celebrate and see the new exhibits on display.
- Wine lovers should take a detour to check out either the Niagara Grape & Wine Festival near Toronto or the Okanagan Wine Festival near Kelowna.
October Travel Tips
- Because of Canada's reputation as a prime leaf-peeping destination, fall is a very popular time to visit, which means it might be crowded.
- Every year on the second Monday of October, businesses will be closed for Canadian Thanksgiving in most provinces.
- Quebec happens to celebrate a slightly different version of Thanksgiving, and while most businesses will be open on this day, some may choose to close.