Canada in January Weather and Event Guide

••• Photograph by Daryl Benson / Getty Images

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January is one of the coldest months in Canada; it competes with February for the title. But don't let the sub-zero temperatures deter you from visiting. First, there are varying degrees of cold in Canada, so not everyplace is as intense as, say Winnipeg or Quebec City. Second, think of visiting Canada in January as an opportunity to experience a unique geographical region and culture.

Canada's long, cold winter plays a big part in making Canadians who they are. 

If you're prepared and have packed appropriately, you can enjoy the many winter activities and festivals that take place during the Canadian winter. 

Cold days are also a good time to duck in and visit one of Canada's range of galleries or museums, shopping malls and underground cities.

January in Major Canadian Cities:

Know where in Canada you're going? Check out more detailed Canadian city weather and event guides:

Average January Temperatures (Low / High):

  • Vancouver, BC: 32 / 43ºFahrenheit (0 / 6ºCelsius)
  • Edmonton, AB: -2 / 18ºF, (-19 / -8ºC)
  • Yellowknife, NWT: -24 / -9ºF, (-31 / -23ºC)
  • Inukjuak, NU: -17 / -4ºF, (-27 / -20ºC)
  • Winnipeg, MB: -9 / 10ºF, (-23 / -12ºC)
  • Ottawa, ON: 5 / 23ºF, (-15 / -5ºC)
  • Toronto, ON: 14 / 28ºF, (-10 / -2ºC)
  • Montréal:, QC: 7 / 23ºF, (-14 / -5ºC)
  • Halifax, NS: 16 / 30ºF, (-9 / -1ºC)
  • St. John's, NF: 19 / 32ºF, (-7 / 0ºC)

January Perks:

Good to Know:

  • Just about anywhere in Canada in January is going to be chilly, if not downright freezing. But do note that average temperatures in Canadian provinces vary widely. Find out How to Dress to Stay Warm

Holidays in Canada in January:

  • January 1st is New Year's Day across Canada and a statutory holiday, so expect most things to be closed.
  • See a complete listing of public holidays across Canada

January In Canada Highlights / Events - Vancouver, Toronto & Montreal:

Useful Links for Visitors to BC

Useful Links for Visitors to Alberta

Useful Links for Visitors to Saskatchewan

Useful Links for Visitors to Manitoba

Useful Links for Visitors to Ontario

Useful Links for Visitors to Quebec

Useful Links for Visitors to the Maritimes

  • Newfoundland & Labrador's tourism

Useful Links for Visitors to Northern Canada