Every year on July 1, Canadians celebrate Canada Day. This day is a statutory holiday, meaning a large percentage of the population gets the day off and in turn, many retailers, government offices, libraries, schools, and services shut down. Employees at most workplaces do not have to go to work but will still receive their regular pay.
Celebrations like fireworks and parades are generally held on this day. In major cities outside of Quebec, like Ottawa and Toronto, Ontario, and Vancouver, British Columbia, celebrations begin early in the day and continue into the evening, with concerts, games, and other festivities.
Ottawa, in particular, as the nation's capital, puts on a really big show every July 1, which often receives a royal audience. In 2010, Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh, attended the celebrations. In 2011, Prince William and his bride, Kate Middleton, made their way to Ottawa for Canada's 144th birthday party. In 2017, Canada turned it up a notch to honor its 150th anniversary.
History of Canada Day
July 1 marks the anniversary of the formation of the union of the British North America provinces in a federation under the name of Canada. The Canada Day holiday is comparable to the Fourth of July celebration in the U.S. but with slightly less hoopla and on a more "Canadian" scale.
What to Expect
Schools, banks, government offices, and many other stores and businesses close on July 1. Most tourist destinations, including major shopping malls, will stay open. Expect some stores to have holiday hours. It's a good idea to call ahead to restaurants, stores, and tourist attractions to confirm Canada Day hours.
Typically, Canada Day celebrations include parades, fireworks, backyard barbecues, and other get-togethers. Many revelers wear red and white in honor of Canada's national colors.
In Quebec, Canada Day is not celebrated as fervently as in the rest of the country. Federal offices, schools, and banks are closed, but many people in Quebec look at July 1 as "moving day" because this date has been historically the end of lease agreements.