Many people assume a road trip is a cheaper way to travel across the United States than flying, but that isn't always the case. It depends on the current gas prices and your car's mileage, so you should always calculate the cost of your potential road trip before you decide on foregoing that plane ticket. To do this, you'll need to know the current price of gasoline, the miles per gallon your vehicle gets on the highway, and the miles you intend to drive on your trip. It's really pretty simple, and you can get the bottom line in four easy steps.
Calculate Your Gas Mileage
The first thing you need to do is calculate the mileage, or miles per gallon (mpg), your vehicle gets. You can do this yourself with simple math or you can use an online mileage calculator. You can also try to figure it out yourself by writing down the reading on your odometer the next time you fill up your car. If you have a computerized console, you could also set your trip odometer to zero by pushing in the little knob underneath the odometer.
After setting the trip odometer or writing down the number, just drive normally until it's time to fill up again and note the odometer reading or the miles on the trip odometer when you fill it up again. Subtract the first odometer reading from the second to give you the number of miles you've driven. Or if you set the trip odometer to zero when you filled up the last time, that figure is the number of miles you have driven on that tank of gas. Divide that number of miles by the number of gallons you just purchased on your second visit to the gas station, and this will give you your miles per gallon.
Keep in mind, your mileage will vary based on whether you spend more time driving on the highway or driving in town. City driving means you'll spend a lot of time stopping and starting, which uses more gas, so your mileage will be lower. If you use your a whole gallon of gas to drive just on the highway however, your calculation will be more accurate
Research Your Trip Distance
Next, you need to calculate the total distance you'll be driving on your road trip. For this, you can use AAA or Google Maps. Enter in your starting and finishing points, along with any stops along the way, and then make a note of the number of miles it says your trip will cover. Make sure you check that the route it's plotting out is likely to be the one you'll take.
If you're planning a several day-, week-, or month-long road trip, you might make some side trips or detours, so it would be impossible to calculate the exact distance. However, you can still make an educated guess by adding in some side trips to your total, so if you decide to skip out on them, you'll be spending less money than you budgeted for. Jot down the total distance you'll be driving, plus extra for potential side trips, next to your figure for miles per gallon.
Find Out the Current Price of Gas
For the third step, you need to know the current price of gas to keep your total figure as accurate as possible. It's not possible to know the exact cost of a gallon of gas at any given time in any given location, but knowing the current price will give you a dependable approximation of the total cost of fuel for your trip. Use AAA to find the average national gas price. Jot down the amount given at the top of the page as your third figure.
Add up Your Trip Cost
Take the mileage of the total distance of your trip and divide it by your miles per gallon to get the number of gallons of gas you will need on your trip. Then multiply that figure by the current price of gas, and the result is the estimated cost of gas for your road trip.
As an example, say you drove 200 miles after you filled your car up, set your trip odometer to zero, and had to return to fill up again. On your return to the gas station, you topped up your tank with 10 gallons of gas. Your mpg would then be 200 divided by 10, which is 20 mpg. You are planning on driving 850 miles on your road trip and the average price of gas was $2.34 at the time you checked.
To calculate the total amount of money you need to budget for your road trip, divide 850 by 20 to get the number of gallons of gas you will need, which is 42.5. Multiply 42.5 by $2.34, which gives you $99.45 as the total cost of gas for your road trip.
Don't Forget Other Travel Costs
The cost of gas is only one aspect of the expense of a road trip. You'll also need to factor in lodging, meals, maps, road tolls, and other car-related costs. If you're traveling with friends, you can divvy up the cost of gas, so your transportation fee will be even less per person.